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A CORRELATION OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY AND THE QUALITY OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

: A CORRELATION OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY AND THE QUALITY OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
: Chapter 1 – 5
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This study, A CORRELATION OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY AND THE QUALITY OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: A CORRELATION OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY AND THE QUALITY OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The study investigated teachers’ quality as correlates of students’ academic performance in Biology in senior secondary schools in Ogun State. To guide the study, four research questions were raised, as well as two hypotheses were tested.Simple random sampling technique was used to collect data from two hundred respondents. A validated questionnaire titled “Teachers Quality as correlates of student Academic performance with the use of T-test techniques and chi-square for analysis. From the data analysis, it was revealed that; the role of professionally qualified/trained teachers is an important teacher quality which enhances students’ academic achievement in Biology, teaching methods adopted by the teachers significantly influence achievement of the behavioural objectives. Several schools in the population of the study lacked modern instructional materials without which effective teaching and learning cannot be utilized and teachers’ experience significantly influence students’ academic performance.Capacity building forms a major aspect of teachers’ experience that is yet to be given adequateattention. Its importance cannot be over emphasized in view of senior secondary school students’ poor performance in both internal and external examinations. Based on these findings, the study suggested the review of teachers’ education and certification programmes to enable it to meet with internal education standard at various level of educational process.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.1       Background to the Study                                                                              

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Objectives of the Study

1.4       Significance of the Study

1.5       Research Questions

1.6       Research Hypothesis

1.7       Scope of the Study

1.8       Limitations of the Study

1.9       Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

2.0       Literature Review

2.1       Concept of Biology and Its Importance

2.2       Teacher’s Qualification

2.3       Teacher’s Use of Teaching Methods

2.4       Teachers’ Use of Instructional Materials in Teaching

2.5       Teachers’ Experience and Students Performance

2.6       Teacher Preparation

2.7       Biology Teachers’ Language of Communication

2.8       Biology Teachers’ Motivation Ability

CHAPTER THREE

3.0       Research Methodology

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Research Population

3.3       Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.4       Instrument of Data Collection

3.5       Questionnaire Administration

3.6       Validity of Research Instrument

3.7       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0       Data Analysis and Presentation of Results

4.1       Demography of Respondents

4.2       Answering of Research Questions

4.3       Analysing Research Hypothesis

CHAPTER FIVE

Discussion of Findings, Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1       Discussion of Findings

5.2       Summary of Findings

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Recommendations

References

Appendix I

Appendix II

CHAPTER ONE

1.1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

There is no gain saying about the fact that Biology occupies a very sensitive position in medical science and related disciplines. This informs several efforts geared towards studying biology at a secondary level of education. It is however, very disheartening and heart breaking that despite the key role and much emphasis, being laid on Biology, students at secondary school level of education are still performing woefully in this subject and this has been an issue of great concern to stakeholders in education, most especially those in the field of science. This has been attributed to myriad of factors such as poor parenting, poor attitude of students towards their studies. Bassey(2005) opined that several problems are associated with conventional methods of teaching. This indirectly results to poor performance of students. Bassey (2005) attributed this syndrome in educational sector to lack of perceived competence among the learners. However,Adegbite (2000) and Olaleye (1985) views on the causes of poor performance differs. They posited very strongly that wrong location of market place, highway, airport, industrial areas constitute an academic unfriendly environment for learners.

Agusibo (2008) asserted that many schools lack the necessary facilities for teaching generally. She however opines that theoretical aspect of teaching alone will not make learners know the rudimentary fact of most science subjects, particularly Biology. She therefore made a clarion call to all the key players, international organizations like United State Agency for international development, United Nation International Children Education Fund to render in valuable services by rescuing most schools by making available qualified teachers of Biology and making available supportive services for teaching of Biology and other science subjects.

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The roles of the teachers in students’ performance cannot be over-emphasized. The progressive decline in secondary school students’ academic performance has raised a lot of questions as regards Nigeria’s educational system, of which the qualities of teachers are a key factor. Agusibo (2008), however observing that the absence of qualified teachers to teach Biology do contribute significantly to the poor performance of students in Biology. This seems to be corroborated by West African Examination Council (2009) report on Biology, most especially. It is an obvious and glaring fact that in most of the secondary schools in Nigeria, some teachers teaching this subject are not professionally qualified. The professional qualifications required of any teacher in Nigeria are NCE, BSc (Ed), B.Ed, or PGDE in cases where teachers are not professionally qualified. On general note, teachers without adequate educational background have been found to be ineffective in terms of instructional delivery competence. It is against this background; this study was carried out to ascertain the quality of Biology teachers as correlates to students’ performance in Biology of senior secondary schools in Ifo Local Government area of Ogun State.

1.3       OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The broad objective of this study is to investigate the role which the teachers’ quality plays on students’ academic performance in Biology of Senior Secondary Schools in Ifo Local Government area, Ogun State, Nigeria. This research work specifically sought to:

  1. Find out what teachers’ quality entails
  2. Ascertain whether teachers’ experience enhance better performance of students in Biology.
  3. Examine whether teachers use of appropriate instructional materials improve students’ academic performance.

1.4       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The findings of the study will broaden students’ knowledge, steer up their interest in Biology and improve the teaching skills of teachers invarious senior secondary schools in the study area and Nigeria at large. It is hoped that findings of this study will build a proper link between students’ academic performance in Biology in Ogun State and the quality needed for teachers’ effectiveness in handling this subject across the state.

1.5       RESEARCH QUESTIONS

To effectively carryout this research, the following questions were raised.

  1. Do students perform better when taught by professionally trained teachers than when taught by non-professional teacher?
  2. Does teachers’ experience enhance better performance of students in Biology?
  3. Does the availability and appropriate use of instructional materials affect the performance of students in Biology?
  4. Does a teacher’s language of communication influence students’ academic performance in Biology?

1.6       RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The following hypothesis have been formulated to guide this research work.

Ho1:     There is no significant relationship between Biology teachers’ methodology and the academic performance of students.

Ho2:     There is no significant effect of teachers’ motivational techniques on the performance of students in Biology.

1.7       SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This studyis limited to the teachers’ quality as correlates of students’ academic performance in Biology in Senior Secondary Schools in Ifo Local Government area of Ogun State.It alsoinvestigates the impact of instructional materials and methodology used by teachers as it aids students’ academic performance and achievement. The study is conducted in senior secondary schools within Ifo Local Government area, Ogun State.

1.8       LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The limitations of this study have been attributed to lack of funds and time, which have necessarily limited the access to the number of schools and teachers in this study, also participation and cooperation from teachers in the schools were part of the constraints

1.9       DEFINITION OF TERMS

TEACHER: A person who provides education for students (school teacher).

TEACHERS’ QUALITY: This include reviews of qualifications test of teachers’ knowledge, teaching methods, use of instructional materials, observations of practice and measurements of students learning gains.

STUDENTS PERFORMANCE: This is the outcome of education the extent to which a student has achieved their educational goals.

Keywords: A CORRELATION OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY AND THE QUALITY OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS



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Keywords: A CORRELATION OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY AND THE QUALITY OF BIOLOGY TEACHERS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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