This study,AFRICAN WOMEN’S WOVEN HAIRSTYLE, ITS DYNAMISM AND EFFECT IN THE SIGHT OF THE BEHOLDERS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Women have found various ways of fashioning and making their hairstyles attractive. However, male and female citizen in Nigeria admire hairstyles that include weaving, plaiting or the combination of the two.
According to research conducted by Znamierowski (1973), the art of hair weaving in Yoruba land was developed from cloth weaving skills, which is one of the oldest crafts practiced and developed by men. In the very early stages of civilization, weaving satisfied two of man’s most essential needs those of clothing and shelter.
The early man learnt to weave long before the loom was invented, among the various crafts developed by man from interlacing stand over the years and are weaving, basket weaving, braiding, knotting, sack and net weaving among others. Likewise, the craft of hair weaving was developed by men especially among Africans as part of body adornment or accessories.
The advent of European civilization into Africa had brought the neglect of African culture and been superceded by their own culture, the result and effect had led to drop of African tradition for the Europeans many Africans began to emulate the Europeans in terms of dressing and tradition. These also affect the ways of life of the black man. Hence, the fashion of African women became inferior. The head which is regarded as the domain of power particularly that area that controls the whole body of man. Individuals are usually identified by the head.
The head is apparent in both naturalistic and stylized representation, not only through its sized but also through the detailed and elaborate treatment of hair which often rises like a crown proclaiming the head’s lordship over the body (Abiodun 1989).
The hair on the head (irun-ori) is often similar to a grove that must be well maintained to hollow the sanctuary that the physical head constitutes for the ori inu (the inner head) this is the reason why Yoruba have traditionally regarded hair dressing as a mark of honour to the inner head (Araba 1978).
African women have developed numerous artistic hairstyles and this is a part of traditional culture. Both men and women in Nigeria appreciate hairstyles that include weaving and plaiting, these artistic ways of woven hair styles grew more in Yoruba speaking area.
Traditional and modern woven hairstyles are two types that are common among the women in Nigeria society. Considering the nature of the hair of women in Ikeja, traditional woven hairstyles appear to be suitable for their hair. Over the years it has been discovered that the use of chemicals or attachment of artificial hair on women’s hair had some negative effects on the natural hair, survey shows that many of the women who wear modern woven hairstyles often have problem such as headache, hair-breakage, baldness, dandruff, among others. The use of the same sharp objects for many people or clients may infect women with HIV (Adebayo, 2005).
Although, most women claim that modern woven hairstyles are easy to manage, but the fact still remains that they are not always suitable for the nature of hair of some women and beside they are more expensive. It is then discovered that the old is giving way to the new innovations (modern ones) in terms of styles, materials, class of women going for it and the total out look of both the tradition and modern woven hairstyles.
1.3 Broad Objectives of the Study
The broad objective of the study is to investigate thedynamism of African women’s woven hairstyles and its effect in the sight of the beholders.
The specific objectives of the study are to:-
1.5 Research Question
The research questions of the study are:-
1.6 Scope of the Study
The scope of this study was confined to analyzing the effect of women on traditional and modern woven hairstyles, as well as to investigate the opinion of some selected group of users (clients) and hairstylists on the acceptability of the two woven hairstyles, even how popular are the hairstyles.
The study is significant in that it will;
Having identified the objectives, research question and significant of the study, this research planned to contain two types of research design, hairstylist practical demonstration and theoretical aspect. The practical involves various techniques of woven hairstyles. Presentation of hairstyles posters was shown to selected group of clients (users), investigating the dynamism and aesthetic beauty between the two woven hairstyles. Subsequent results were analyzed using percentage, frequency distribution and T-test statistics, findings, conclusion and recommendation were based on the findings of the researcher.
Traditional woven hairstyles; this is a type of hair styles belonging to a particular place or culture it can also be referred to as indigenous way of weaving the hair of human in a proper care, beautiful and even in decorative forms. Modern woven hairstyles:- this is the types of hairstyles borrowed or imported from neighboring towns or countries.
Hairstylist:- These are set of women who practices the skills of woven hairstyles.
Users/Clients:- These are set of women that bring out the beauty of the woven hairstyles on their head.
Beholders:- These are set of people (male or female) who are observing the beauty of the woven hairstyles.
Olowo styles:- This is when the hair is braided without thread, it can be put into long fat twist or short small braid which stand out from the head, which lie close to the scalp.
Koroba:- This is type of hairstyle, the braid are began on the crown of the head and end at the hairline in small turned up curls.
Panumo:- This is types of hairstyle, the braid are in two sets one began from the front of the head and one from the back, the braids carried to a centre parting across the crown of the head where the braids are allowed to stand up against each other.
Ojonpeti: – This is a form of traditional woven hairstyle, the partings are made across the head from ear to ear, the braids begin on one side of the head and end on the other.
Kolese:- This is a types of traditional woven hairstyle, the braiding is done from the front of the head to the back.
Suku:- This is a form of traditional woven hairstyle that depicts a basket.
Ipako- Elede: – This is a form of traditional woven hairstyle, that describes the posterior part of the head of a pig, the braiding is done from the back of the head to the front.
Olowustyle:- This is using thread for braiding the hair, the hair is been parted into sections, each small section combed out, twisted and tightly wrapped with thread.
Agogo: – This is a form of traditional woven hairstyle that portrait cockscomb and generally worn by members of the royal family, wives of Yoruba obas, princess and new brides.
Irun- biba: – This is a casual and temporary ways of parting and knotting the hair into big buns.
Irun- didi: – This is a traditional woven ways of weaving the hair into intricate design.
Irun-kiko: – This is by using black thread to tie strands of hair in filaments or section. .
Irun-Lewa Obinrin: – the hair adds to women beauty and glory.
Dada:- Babies born with knotted or curly hair
Hair Oil Used
Adin:- This is a form of hair cream which was made from palm kernels, pounded, boiled, sieved purified, cut into small cubes and stored in wooden container for use. It is used for creaming the hair.
Adin-Agbon: – This is another types of oil used by traditional woven hairstylists or hair dressers.It is made from coconut which have been pounded and boiled, the oil is then separated to be either used at home or sold.
Equipments or Tools
Oyo or Ijarun: – This is a traditional wooden comb used for combing the hair.
Ilarun: – This is a kind of traditional wooden comb used and still been used for parting hair during styling.
Apoti-ijoko: – These are the types of seat used by traditional hairstylists and their clients during the weaving process.
Ikoti: – This is a long needle, it is used to draw contours on the head of the client before the actual weaving of the hair.
Adornment: This simply means to make some thing or somebody look more attractive by decorating it.
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