AN HISTORICAL SURVEY OF GOSPEL MUSIC IN ABEOKUTA

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: AN HISTORICAL SURVEY OF GOSPEL MUSIC IN ABEOKUTA
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Keywords: AN HISTORICAL SURVEY OF GOSPEL MUSIC IN ABEOKUTA


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The purpose for undertaken this research work is to examine the historical survey of Gospel Music in Abeokuta. A case study of St. Peter Cathedral Church Ake, Abeokuta. The study looks into the genesis of gospel music in Abeokuta, this project work is undertaken purposely to let people known the root of gospel music must especially the Christians. The research work examined the types, uses and the impact of music in our society. However, the researcher observed that church service without music is incomplete, however for the service to be complete we must include music to our various church service, the research explained what brings about gospel music in Nigeria, the father of gospel music in Nigeria and the first composer in Abeokuta.

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The study deals with an historical survey of Gospel Music in Abeokuta. It discuss what gospel means, music is an aesthetic art. It has bias for history; tracing the past with a view to understanding the present. It equally deals with emotions (human psychology). It is a subject that soothes the mind and charts its graph in the progressive direction, growth wise. Linguistically, music is said to be language that fosters peaceful co-habiting/existence.

By scope, music is a performing art that is closely related to the visual and the creative arts. Hence every human being, no matter one’s handicap, benefits from the art. The blind listen to music and enjoy the beautiful sounds of the voice, the drums and the other instrument; even though he’s handicapped visually. While the deaf enjoy the visuals, but have difficulty listening to the sounds. The physically handicapped e.g the lame, though may have problems of dancing or taking active part in the performance, but still benefits from the visuals and the audio.

Music can be classified under two broad categories. They are; secular and sacred (Religious). Sacred music is a music that has religious undertone. If it is vocal, the word content (Lyrics) will have biblical or quranic verses. Gospel music is categories under sacred music, gospel music is a genre of music used exclusively for worship in praising God.

The study was informed by the need to understand gospel music in Abeokuta that has witnessed a phenomenal growth since the 1990s till date. Three factors were responsible for this immense growth of gospel music, these are transformation through conversion to become “born again”, necessitating a complete breakthrough from the devil and the liberalization of airwaves, which equally took place at the same time. These three factors ensured the ascendancy and popularity of gospel music in Abeokuta that has totally revolutionized the country’s gospel music scene. Yet despite the immense growth and significance of gospel music as popular culture. African scholars of religion have not paid attention to this significant development in Abeokuta.

One can pursue the “roots” of gospel music through the academic discipline of ethnomusicology (going back to Europe and Africa), through a study of the 2000 year history of church music and through a study of rural folk music as we know it began in the late 19th century. Its two roots where the mass revival movement (starting with Dwight) and the holiness-Pentecostal movement. Prior to the meeting of Moody and Sankey in 1870, there was an American rural/frontier history of revival and camp meeting songs, but the Gospel hymn was of a different character, and it served the needs of mass revivals in the great cities.

Many attempts have been made to describe the “style” of the late 19th and early 20th century gospel in general. Christ-Janer, et al said “the music was tuneful and easy to grasp rudimentary, harmonies use of the chorus varied, metric schemes motor rhythm were characteristics. The device of letting the parts echoes rhythmically a motive announced by the sepranes because a mannerism. Patrick and Sydney emphasize the motion that gospel music is “sentimental”, quoting sankey as saying “before I sing, I must feel”, and they call attention to the comparison of the original version of Rowley’s, I will sing the wondrous story, with sankeys version. Gold said, essentially the gospel songs are songs of testimony, persuasion religious exhortation or warning. Usually the chorus or refrain technique is found. In the 1903s, in Chicago, Thomas Auorsey (best known as author of the song, “Precious Lord Take My Hand”), who had spent the 1920s writing se3cular music, turned fulltime to gospel music established a publishing house, and “invented” the black gospel music style of piano music. It has been said that 1930s was the year when African-American gospel music began, because the National Baptists conversation first publicly enclosed the music at its 1930 meeting Dorsey was responsible for developing the musical careers of many African-Americans artists, such as Mahalia Jackson.

Gospel music is a style of religious singing popular among African-Americans and other black people worldwide. The term gospel is generally assumed to connote the Christian religious music, its gener are numerous, Juju, Soul, Rock and Choir. The only unifying factor between all these assorted types of music is the message, the message of salvation of Christ. Gospel music is largely used by Evangelical churches for worship, praises, revivals, deliverance services and concerts.

Gospel music divided into two, the hymnody and the performance. Gospel hymnody was a popular body of American religious song associated with urban revivalism, which arose in the 19th century spreading through the missionary activities to the church on every continent. Gospel hymnody may also popular be viewed as the culmination of various American musical social and religious development of the earlier part of 19th century.

The performance referred to as gospel music was a religious type of folk or popular music and its performing style is related to that of secular folk and popular genres as well as to revivalist styles of preaching and praying. General characteristics of gospel songs are:

  1. MELODY: Their melodies are often short, simple, sing able and repetitive.
  2. LANGUAGE: Gospel songs are render in Pidgin, English and indigenous languages.
  3. RHYTHM: The rhythms are usually simple and danceable.
  4. FORM: The songs are usually structured as AB or A A AB or antiphonal.
  5. HARMONY: The songs are harmonisable on I-IV-V-I.
  6. TEXTURE: The songs are mainly in Unisom and can be harmonized in homophonic structure.
  7. DYNAMICS: Congregations do not strongly observe dynamic levels, they believe that they should worship God with all their strength.
  8. TIMBRE: Praise-worship songs are performed by every body.
  9. MUSICAL INSTRUMENT: Praise-worships songs are accompanied by a full complement of different assorted musical instruments.
  10. 1.2   STATEMENT OF THE STUDY

Gospel music in Abeokuta, dated back to 1846; during which singers came up with the idea of singing in churches or congregational gatherings. It is however observed that they were faced with lots of challenges such as:

  • Financial constraints.
  • Lack of formal education about music.
  • Lack of adequate instrument
  • Lack of moral supports among others

This research work is aimed at examining the effects of some of these problems as they affect the development of Gospel music in Abeokuta. Efforts will also be made to assess the impacts of Gospel music in the said area.

1.3   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

This study is interested in investigating the historical survey of Ogun State of Nigeria, more specifically this project want to find out solution to the following question

What are the functions and uses of music?

Types of music

What is Gospel Music?

Who arte the father of Gospel music in Nigeria?

Who was the first person to sing Gospel music in Abeokuta?

1.4   SCOPE OF STUDY

Looking at the motivating powers of music and the way if affects our life generally, the scope of the study concern the past and present choir member of St. Peter Cathedral Church, Ake, Abeokuta.

1.5   RESEARCH QUESTION

The following questions are to guide the research in her study.

  • What is music?
  • What is Gospel?
  • What are Gospel music?
  • What are the uses of Gospel music?
  • When was Christian religion introduced to Nigeria?
  • What are the impact, contribution of Gospel music in Abeokuta?

1.6   SIGNIFICANT OF STUDY

  1. The study will also look at the efforts that have been made by the past and present Gospel musicians.
  2. The study will back to the beginning of Gospel music in Abeokuta.
  3. The study will carryout the development of Gospel music in Abeokuta.
  4. The study will also look at the uses of Gospel music.

1.7   DEFINITION OF TERMS

  • Survey: Looking carefully and thoroughly, examine and record the features of something. An investigation of the opinions or experience of a group, based on a services questions.
  • Gospel: The teaching of Christ, the record of Christ’s life and teaching in the first four books of the New Testament.
  • Gospel Music: Gospel music is music that is written to express either personal or a communal belief regarding Christian life, as well as (in terms of varying music style) to give a Christian alternative to mainstream secular music. Like other forms of Christian music the creation, performance, and even the definition of gospel music varies according to culture and social context. Gospel music is composed and performed for many purposes, including aesthetic pleasure. However, a common than of most gospel music is praises, worship or thanks to God, Christ or the Holy Spirit.
  • Sentimental: Prone to or causing excessive performing of tenderness, sadness.
  • Culmination: Reach a climax or point of highest development.
  • Ethnomusicology: This is the scientific study of music in culture and culture in music.
Keywords: AN HISTORICAL SURVEY OF GOSPEL MUSIC IN ABEOKUTA


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Keywords: AN HISTORICAL SURVEY OF GOSPEL MUSIC IN ABEOKUTA

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