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AN INVESTIGATION INTO MEN’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING

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: AN INVESTIGATION INTO MEN’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING
: Chapter 1 – 5
: #3, 000
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This study, AN INVESTIGATION INTO MEN’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: AN INVESTIGATION INTO MEN’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

This study investigates the attitude of men towards family planning, in Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State. This research work  looked into the interest of male counterparts in the issues of family planning and also examined the effects (both positive and negative) of family planning in the study areas The population of this work consists of 200 men in Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State, the sampling procedure involved a multi-stage random sampling technique that was used to select a total number of two hundred (200) men in the study area.; the first stage involved the purposive selection of Ogun State, while the second stage involved purposive selection of Odeda Local Government based on accessibility and proximity, the third stage involved selection of five(5) areas, in the fourth stage,40 men were randomly selected in each of the five(5) areas in order to get an unbiased sampling for this study. The data for this study was obtained using close ended questionnaire, the data was analyzed using frequency and percentage count, using SPSS for windows version 20.0.The study revealed that more than half (56.6%) of the total number of respondents were Civil Servant, similarly (93.0%) of the respondents were married men, over 40% of the respondents were between the age range of 36-46 years and in terms of their educational qualification, it was affirmed that over 80% of the respondents had post-secondary education. More so, the result of this findings indicated that 96.5% of the respondent agreed that family planning is the planningo f when to have children and the use of birth control, in the same vein 61% of the men, expressed that the issue of family planning is majorly directed to women and it was also shown from the result of this study that most men disregarded vasectomy as a method of birth control because they believed that vasectomy increases the possibility of men developing cancer of testis and eventually, impotency. Finally, the study revealed that 46% of the respondent preferred to use condom as a method of birth control among twelve (12) other preferred methods while only 0.5% of the respondent accepted the use of vasectomy as a method of birth control. It was concluded that, family planning does more than help for women and men to  limit their family size. It safeguards individual health and right, preserves natural resources and can improve the economic outlook for families and the community. It was therefore recommended that mass media campaigns should be promoted to curb unintended pregnancies and promote use of birth control methods among men of reproductive age groups.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Statement of the problem

1.3       Research questions

1.4       Significance of the study

1.5       Scope of the study

1.6       Limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1       Family planning

2.2       Methods of family planning

2.2.1    Abstinence method

2.2.2    Withdrawal method

2.2.3    Fertile awareness-base method

2.2.4    Lactational amenorrhea method

2.2.5    Barrier methods

2.2.5.1 Male condom

2.2.5.2 Femalecondom

2.2.5.3 Diaphragm

2.3       Needs for family planning

2.3.1    Population control

2.3.2    Reduction of poverty

2.3.3    Gender equality

2.3.4    Health benefit

2.4       Men and the issues of family planning

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

3.1       Study area

3.2       Population

3.3       Sampling technique / procedure

3.4       Research instrument

3.5       Validation of the research instrument

3.6       Method of data collection

3.7       Data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULT AND DISCUSSION

4.1       Demographic characteristics of the respondents

4.2       Answering of research question

4.2.1    Attitude of respondents towards family planning

4.2.2    Effects of family planning

4.2.3    Relationships between demographic characteristics of respondents

and attitude towards family planning

4.2.4    Relationships between demographic characteristics of respondents

and effects of family planning

4.3       Summary of findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Discussion of findings

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Recommendations

5.3.1    Recommendations with regard to education

5.3.2    Recommendations with regard to practice

5.3.3    Recommendations with regard to future research

REFERENCES                                                                                                       

APPENDIX     

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the study

The 1988 population policy of Nigeria is presumably “predicted on the right of couples and individuals to decide fully the number and spacing of their children (Orubuloye I.O, 2000). But its goal of reducing birth rates and associated strategies address the basic question of population policy, which is how to give society the number of children they need. One of the strategies for achieving the goals of population policies is the development of family planning programmes (Ehrlich, 1995). Which is through reliance on the diffusion of ideas are believed to increasingly play a very important role in promoting contraception (Steele,1996).

Nigeria, as a result of deepening economic crisis, succumbed to pressure to launch its first national population policy in 1989. This policy was aimed at reducing the population growth rate through reducing fertility from six to four children per woman by the year 2000. Since the launching of the population policy , educational and family planning programmes aimed at providing education on population issues and making modern family planning methods readily accessible to all Nigerians, are reported to have been fairly successful.(Guilfoyle, 1992).

The issue of family planning all over the World has attracted attentions due to its importance in decision making about population growth and development issues. In this wise, Geographers have become increasingly alarmed by the precipitous rise in its effects on population growth, not only in Nigeria or the United States of America, but throughout the World (Okedare, 2000). Various works and researches have also been done on perceptions and attitudes of people on family planning, but major emphases had always been placed on the role of women and the female gender approaches in many cases.

For example Onokerhoraye (1997) gave detailed analyses of peoples’ perceptions on family planning in Nigeria. He examined a comparative analysis and peoples’ perspectives on health care facilities. In spite of the introduction of family planning services as means of curbing fertility rate, the population still rises because of the attitudes of the people involved. This is noticed especially in men and the role they play in reproduction. Hatcher et al. (1997) opined that family planning is now seen as human right basic to human dignity. People and governments around the world understand this. Their work further showed that family planning helps women protect themselves from unwanted pregnancies. Since the 1960s family planning programmes have helped women around the world avoid about 400 million unwanted pregnancies. As a result, many women’s lives have been saved from high-risk pregnancies and unsafe abortions (Hatcher et al., 1997: Huezo and Carignam, 1997). However, most available works still point to emphasis being placed on the women fold at the detriment of the male counterpart. (Olawepo, 2003).

In line with the postulates of the Central Place Theory, health and family planning facilities can be conceived as constituting a hierarchical system (Shanmon and Dever,1994; Okafor. 2000) with secondary health and family planning facilities occupying an intermediate position. As it is often assumed in the cultural ethics in Nigeria, a large proportion of the men folks feel less concerned about family planning. However, the emergence of responsible parenthood, and the need to protect men folk’s sexuality have improved this awareness among them.

It is apparent to have a worldwide view about a problem and to come out with a generalization that will point towards an applauding solution. Many times this view or intended solution can be acceptable worldwide. However, there are a lot of shortcoming that negate such a generalization when it comes to the developing world especially in locations with appropriate traditional, cultural and ethical differences like the Nigerian environment (Olawepo, 1998). In recent years, the Government of Nigeria has intensified efforts to educate the generality of her population on the need for reproductive health in general and responsible parenthood in particular. Various States of the Federation have variability in the extent of the success of such programmes, especially when it comes to the women folk and child related issues. (Okafor, 2000).

Family planning has proven to be an effective way of controlling fertility and spacing births (Prata, 2007). The purpose of this review is to assess the benefits of family planning internationally, nationally, and at a state level. Online databases were searched for peer-reviewed articles on family planning. The Louisiana Office of Public Health was contacted for information, as well. It was found that there is a great lack of family planning resources for the poor in developing countries (Cleland, et al, 2006). Though the United States does not have the lack of resources to the extent of developing countries, it is still true that those who are the poorest often have the greatest barriers to reliable contraceptive methods (Gold, et al., 2009).  Additionally, states play a large role in providing and advocating for funding for reproductive health (Guttmacher Institute, 2006). Though once strongly advocated for, family planning has decreased in efforts even though it is proven to benefit the health of women, children, and families everywhere. Whether examining international, national, or local populations, it seems clear that family planning remains a much sought after need and essential resource for reducing infant and maternal mortality, teenage pregnancy, prevalence and spread of STDs and HIV, poverty, overpopulation, and healthcare costs. Current developments in advocating for increased family planning assets worldwide include promotion of family planning and recommendations for a change in family planning targets, leadership, and program designs.

Statement of the problem

The research work is directed at finding out and investigating men’s attitudes towards family planning, as a case study of Odeda Local Government, Ogun State.

Therefore, the research work will be interested in looking at the interest of male counterparts in family planning. It will also study and look into the effects (both positive and negative) of family planning in a traditional setup and civilized world.

1.3     Research questions

  1. Are the male counterparts really interested in family planning?
  2. Do they show positive attitude towards their wives’ adoption of family planning in a traditional setup?
  3. Are men really involved in adopting family planning methods in this part of the world?

1.4     Significance of the study

This research is to investigate the attitudes of men towards family planning, case study of Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State.

In this study, the researcher will find out to what extent men are willing to adopt or allow their wife to adopt family planning methods.

The common reasons why men do not show positive attitude towards their wife’s adoption of family planning would also be looked into.

1.5     Scope of the study

This project is delimited to five selected areas in Odeda Local Government, Ogun State. These selected areas include; Obantoko, Camp, Osiele ,Idera and Odeda communities.

1.6     Limitation of the study

            The research work could have covered a very large area of Ogun State, but for the time factor and financial constraints, the researcher had limited herself to Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State.

1.7     Definition of terms

  1. Investigation: This is the process of inquiring into research topic
  2. Attitude: This is the disposition or state of mind.
  3. Family planning: Is the planning of when to have children and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement such plans.
  4. Birth Control: This is also known as contraception and fertility control, are methods or devices used to pregnancy.                                                    
Keywords: AN INVESTIGATION INTO MEN’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS FAMILY PLANNING



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