This study, AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTS OF SKIN BLEACHING, HAIR BLEACHING AND DYEING REAGENTS ON THE BODY OF STUDENTS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
The study is an investigation into the effects of skin bleaching and hair dyeing reagents on the body of students. A case study of Biology Department FCE Osiele, Abeokuta. The research was carried out among 90 students where 30 students each both males and females were picked randomly from 100 level, 200 level, and 300 level respectively making a total of 90 student forming the population for the study. The instrument used for data collection was the questionnaire while the sampling technique used was the simple random sampling technique. The data collected was analyzed using the simple percentage method. Also conclusion and recommendation was made.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Significance of the Study
1.6 The Scope of the Study
1.7 Limitation of the Study
1.8 Definition of Terms
2.0 Literature Review
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Population of the Study
3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques
3.4 Instrument for Data Collection
3.5 Method of Data Collection
3.6 Method of Data Analysis
4.0 Presentation of Results and data Analysis
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
In an effort to beautify one-self. Man has developed and chronologically deviced diverse practices and process of beautification which include Hair Dying, Hair bleaching and skin bleaching, lightening or whitening.
Hair bleaching is essentially a process of lightening the colour of the hair. Chemicals like Hydrogen peroxide is often used in combination with ammonia and a toner to both lighten and change the pigmentation (melanin) or shade of the hair by oxidative destruction.
Going by history, in the 1661 book eighteen books of the secretes of Art. The Romans have been known to be interested in changing hair colour and history revealed that they have created over hundred recipes using natural ingredient. The preparation could only darken hair. Renaissance time, blonde was a popular choice because, it was considered to be angelic and attractive.
In 1907, Euguene Scheller, the founder of L.O. real, created the first synthetic hair dye, but it wasn’t widely sold. Its important can be seen in its application before hairs are dyed so as to achieve a desirable and effective result from the dyeing.
Hair dye or hair colour is defined as a chemical preparation used to change the colour of a persons hair and hair dyeing is the process of chemically changing of the hair colour. Hair dyeing is also useful and important in changing colour of hair of people who have grey hair in which some cultures has historically been considered to be sign of ageing while in some others a sign of wisdom and grace. Younger people may dye or colour their hair as a fashion statement.
There are different types of hair dyeing of which the most common classification are temporary, semi permanent, demi permanent/sometimes called deposit only and permanent.
Skin bleaching, whitening or lightening has been defined by Christopher Godwin (1991) as any process in which pigments is removed from the skin which in which pigments is removed from the skin which can be done using soaps, pills, cream and even laser and also surgical treatment.
The importance of skin bleaching is considered and harnessed in the treatment of certain health skin abnormal conditional example specific zones of abnormally high abnormally high pigmentation such as moles and birth marks may be depigmented to match to the surrounding skin conversely in cases of viligo, unattended skin may be lightened to achieve uniform appearance. There are different types and classes of chemical bleaching product or reagents for example: Tryrosinase, Exfoliants, Home made treatment, mercury, hydroqninone etc.
Skin bleaching or lightening has a long history in Asia stemming back to China and Japan where the saying “one white covers up three ugliness” were passed through the generations. A white complexion in South East Asia, where the sun was always out, only those rich enough could afford to stay indoors, while peasants baked in the rice fields.
In their early bid to lighten up, Chinese ground pearl from sea shell into powder and swallowed it to whiten their skin, says Chinese university chemical pathology, Professor Christopher Lam Mai-kai while across the yellow sea, Geisha girls powdered their face chalk white (Japan).
This obsession with witness has not faded overtime. Another history have it that skin bleaching creams were first purchased on to market in the United State for African women encouraged to keep their skin light in an effort to emulate the Caucasian (a member of any of the races of people who have pale skin) women, who was put on pedestal as the ultimate measure of human beauty. Later the market expanded to apartheid South Africa and then on ward East Africa until it eventually ended up in West Africa where it has taken root, from Senegal to Cameroon.
The study investigate the effect of bleaching and hair dyeing reagents or chemicals on the body. It also try to find out solution to the effort of the reagent on the body.
The aim of this study is to look for ways to reduce if possible eradicate the negative effects of bleaching materials on students.
To also add to the knowledge of the students.
This project work is intended to provide answers to following questions that will serve as spring board for the stating of the research hypothesis.
The significance of this investigation is to:
To minimize the number of people involved in skin bleaching and the negative effects of skin bleaching on student of biology department. A case study of Federal College of Education, Osiele, Abeokuta.
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