This study, AN INVESTIGATION ON DOMESTIC INSURRECTIONS AND ITS EFFECT ON THE CORPORATE EXISTENCE OF NIGERIA contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
This research work was to ascertain Domestic Insurrections and its effect on the corporate existence of Nigeria; A case study of Boko Haram Insurgency. The purpose of this research was to know the extent at which insurrections and Boko Haram insurgency threatens Nigeria’s corporate existence and to examine cases of insurrections in Nigeria and how they threatens Nigeria’s unity and corporate existence. The specified objectives of the work includes the fact that certain ideology and fundings are the fundamental factors that propelled insurrections in Nigeria. The study used random sampling techniques to find out from 100 students. It was discovered that Domestic insurrections and the Boko Haram insurgency is a threat to Nigeria’s corporate existence and unity. However majority of the students agreed that Domestic insurrections threatens Nigeria’s corporate existence and unity. It is therefore recommended that curbing Domestic Insurrections and insurgency will include a collaborative effort with other African states and the encouragement of the military options.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the Study
Scope of the Study
Definition of Terms
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2 Conceptual Clarifications
2.3 Forms of Domestic Insurrections in Nigeria
2.4 Factors Responsible for Domestic Insurrections
2.5 Effects of Domestic Insurrections
2.6 Domestic Insurrection as a Threat to Nigeria’s Corporate Existence
2.7 Counter – Insurgency and Control of Domestic Insurrection in Nigeria
2.8 Summary of Chapter
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Population and Sampling
3.3 Method of Data Collection
3.4 Validation of Research Instruments
3.5 Method of Data Analysis
3.6 Problems Encountered during the Research
CHAPTER FOUR: RESEARCH FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data Analysis and Interpretation
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary of Study
Insurrection is described as a form of rebellion against the government of a place and this form of rebellion often involves aimed conflict. It exists inform of revolt, mutiny, uprising, civil disobedience and so on. Owing to one reason or the other, the factors which lead to insurrections are numerous, some of the factors include: change in government, mutual mistrust and fear, minority group fighting for recognition and or assumed share of the national cake and perceived discrimination by the government when it seems certain regions are ignored or side track.
In recent years, there has been a global surge in both the intensity and range of insurgencies and insurrections. Nigeria is one of the latest to be added to the growing lists of states affected by sectarian insurgencies. The US departments of state reported recently that of some 15 countries surveyed in 2011 for terrorism Nigeria ranked fifth. It also ranked 15th in kidnappings with 17th kidnapping is certainly under estimated. It is much higher. Since then, the tempo of terrorists attacks and kidnappings in Nigeria has certainly increased in northern Nigeria, Boko haram, the violent Islamic sect, has accepted responsibility for virtually all the terrorist attacks inflicted on the country. These increasing global insurgencies and terrorist acts are deeply rooted in the history of the various states affected. The book haram insurgency which first came to light in 2009 is a product of Nigeria colonial and violent post-colonial history. It presents Nigeria with its gravest domestic security challenge ever. There are fears that the insurgency could lead to the collapse and ultimate disintegration of the state. It has polarized the northern and southern parts of Nigeria as most of the victims of the BokoHaram insurgency are from the south.
Insurgencies are not new in the history of states. They go back to times of antiquity, as far back as the old civilizations of the Greek city states and the Roman Empire when the rulers of these ancient civilizations often had to face the challenge of insurgencies, insurrections and revolts. The main aim of insurgencies has always been the overthrow of the established order and its replacement by a new social and political order. Insurgents seek power through violence ultimately, both the Greek and Roman Empires fell as a result of these internal rebellions and insurgencies. The objectives of modern insurgencies remain the same; the over throw of the existing order and its replacement by a new order or government. In modern history, example of insurgencies and terrorism go back to at least four centuries spanning many continents and states. These includes the 1776 American war of independence from British colonial rule and the French revolution of 1789. in the Balkans the old Hapsburg empire was overthrown by a series of insurgences, including the murder at Sarajevo of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a serb nationalist. This incident led World War 1 and the break up of the Hapsburg Empire and Monarchy. In Russia, the RomanovMonarchy, was brought down in 1917 revolution against imperial Russia. This bloody conflict, in which the entire family of the Tsar was wiped out, gave rise to the new communist Empire of the soviet union. More recently internal dissent and grievances led to the collapse of the soviet union. Ethnic war and cleansing in Yugoslavia led to its collapse and the rise of several successor states in its place. Most of the conflicts in Europe in the 18th and 19thcenturies involved the struggle for national independence from foreign rule, territorial expansion and grandeur. But some, such as the religious crusades between islam and Christianity, were religious in character. Either side fought to expand its frontiers and its religion. In 1945, a Jewish terrorist group bombed a hotel in Jerusalem to drive out the British from Palestine and establish a jewish state there.
In addition to Inter-state conflicts, we now have internal insurgencies and insurrections directed at the over throw of the established social and political order in the affected states. The sources of this new kind of insurgencies range from political order in the affected states. The sources of this new kind of insurgencies range from political and economic factors religions causes. Examples of these include the current sectarian conflict in Afghanistan between the insurgents, the Taliban, an extremist Islamic sect, and the Afghan government. In Pakistan and India terrorist groups mainly extremist Islamic sect have continued to pose serious security problems to those countries in the middle east, the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians remains unsolved/unresolved with bands of insurgents and terrorists moving freely from one country to the other. In our own region of West Africa, the virtues dismemberment of Mali by Islamic warriors which have seized the northern part of the country constitutes a warning that insurgencies are spreading rapidly in the savannah region of West Africa and the Sahel. Nigeria is just one of the possible targets of international terrorism in West Africa.
There is no agreement on what constitutes to insurgency or insurrection. This reflects the divergence of views among those viewing the phenomenon. Normally, insurgencies are directed against the government and public institutions. It is more selective. On the other handterrorists wants to destroy the entire social order in the country, not just the government. That appears to be the aimof boko haram. Sometimes, the phenomenon is described as militancy to secure a limited local objective. For instance, the various colonial struggle and conflicts, particularly in Asia and Africa were, in general, portrayed by the ruling colonial authorities dismissed those fighting for the independence of the countries as insurgents or worse still, as terrorists. The classic example are those of the epic struggle by the ANC against apartheid south Africa and the bloody war waged by the wauwau against colonial rule in Kenya. NelsonMandela of the ANC and Jomo Kenyatta of the Kenya African Union were accused of Terrorism/Insurrection and sent to life imprisonment for leading the nationalist struggles in their respective countries. But the African nationalist claimed that their movement were nationalist in character and aimed at ending apartheid rule in South Africa and British colonial rule in Kenya. From the perspectives of the colonists, the Africans challenging foreign rule in their countries were insurgents or terrorists. The colonial powers also resorted to brutal terrorist means to end the various rebellions.
Boko Haram is no ta nationalists movement. In post colonial Africa, the current insurgencies are not overtly directed against foreign rule. Instead, they are local in nature and directed against hated local authorities and foreign influences. But then those who take up aims locally against established authority still do not think of themselves as terrorists, or even insurgents but as nationalists fighting for a just cause. It could be for religious reasons. It could also be due to local grievances. They resort to insurgencies or insurrection to overthrow a regime they consider lacking in political or moral legitimacy. Examples of this, in which insurgents and government forces contend for power, abound in different parts of the world. Recently the so-called “Arab spring” has led to the sudden eruption of political violence and the overthrow of some despotic regimes ha the Arab world, including Egypt, libya and tunishia in northern Africa. Change was needed in the Arab world where despotic regimes had firmly established themselves. The Syrian. The Arab spring is in some cases, the sectarian regime of president Assad is the latest Arab government facing a serious insurrection and revolt of a religious character. The conflict is principally one between the sunni and the Shiites for control of sectarian conflicts between the sunni and the Shiites. In other cases, it is a revolt against despotic governments and bad leadership in the states affected by the insurgencies and mass revolt.
The Nigeria state has been characterized with one form of unrest or the other which in turn puts the inhabitants of Nigeria in unpalatable situations. The effect of conflict can be measured on the physical, social and economic aspects of the environment. Therefore, this research work will aim and focus on cases of insurrections and Boko haram insurgency and how it threatens the corporate existence of Nigeria.
This research work tends to figure out the effect of insurrections such as the Maitatsine Risings in Nigeria, the Nigeria-Delta Militant crises and the Boko Haram insurgency to mention just a few. Therefore, this research work will focus on how those aforementioned insurrection threatens the unity of Nigeria and emphasizes on Boko Haram insurgency.
The high level of insurrections and violence in Nigeria by the fundamental group (Boko haram) has heightened fears among the populace and the international community and has eaten deep into our economy and as a matter of fact, the hostility has gone beyond religious or political coloration. Several meetings, summit, conferences, etc have been held in a bid to curb the menace in the country but all to no avail.
Also, apart from the fact that meetings have been held, the federal government have spent millions of naira in making sure that security is brought back to the country but that has never worked. Therefore, this research work will examine how domestic insurgency threatens Nigeria’s corporate existence, using the Boko haram crises as a case study.
The main thrust of this research and the main purpose of carrying out this research work is to know the extent at which insurrections and BokoHaram insurgency threatens Nigeria’s corporate existence..
The significance of this study is that it will act as a guide to the government in their quest to quell the problem of insurrection (BokoHaram) as it affects the unity of the country. Also, judging from the fact that insurrections is currently a prevailing cankerworm and its very spontaneous and topical, this study will help to proffer solutions. More so this research work,theoretically will be useful to writers, scholars, journalists etc in order to add to their existing knowledge what they already know about insurrections and Nigeria’s corporate existence, particularly, the BokoHaram activities.
The research questions tends to access the gain of the reform to the following questions:
The scope of this research work is quite broad that it encompasses the investigation and cases of “Insurrection” i.e. Domestic Insurrections and “Nigeria’s corporate existence, and assessment of the Boko haram insurgency. This is because of its spontaneous nature. It should be pointed out that the study area of course is the entire Nigeria as a country, hence, the activities of Boko haram and its concomitant mayhem has cross country effects. This is because each bomb detonated on the Nigerian soil has tremendous effect on the country.
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