This study,ASSESSMENT OF CONTRIBUTION OF AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVE SOCIETIES TO FOOD PRODUCTION IN WUKARI LGA contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
Cooperatives as voluntary social organizations have profound influence on socio-economic development all over the world. It empowers members to participate actively in meaningful business ventures, improved living condition, creating job opportunities, improved managerial skills and increase agricultural productivity.
This study is aimed at assessing the contributions of agricultural cooperative societies to the food production. The study was carried out in Wukari Local Government Area of Taraba State.
The specific objective of the study are to describe the socio economic characteristics of the farmers involved in cooperative societies; identify Agricultural services rendered by ADPs to cooperative societies in Wukari LGA; identify the contributions of cooperative societies to farmers in Wukari LGA and to identify the constraints faced by farmers in accessing the services of cooperative societies.
Data were obtained from both the agricultural cooperative farmers using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics such as mean, frequency percentage likert scale were used to achieve the objectives of the study.
The study revealed that agricultural cooperative societies have enhanced farmers as it has contributed to increase in food production; enhanced access to loans and credit facilities; promote marketing of farm produce; provide market for farm produce; promote price stability and monitoring; and encourage access to inputs at cheaper rates. The study also revealed that farmers face constraints in areas such as; problem in accessing loans, accessibility of fertilizer and inadequate provision of inputs (seeds). Furthermore, the study shows that poor extension and problem with marketing of produce are not a constraints for farmers in accessing the services rendered by agricultural cooperatives societies.
Based on the constraints faced by farmers in accessing the services of agricultural cooperatives societies, the study recommends simplicity in accessing loans, easy accessibility to fertilizer and adequate provision for inputs (seeds).
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Objective of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Definition of terms
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURES
2.1 Agricultural Cooperatives: An Overview
2.2 Socio-economic characteristics of cooperative societies to farmers
2.3 Availability, Accessibility and Stability of food supplies
2.4 Contributions of cooperative societies to food production
2.5 Food Crises in Africa and Global Response
2.6 Agricultural Cooperatives: Their Nature and Role in Food Production
2.7 Agricultural services rendered by ADPs
2.8 Theoretical Framework
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Sources of Data
3.3 Sampling Technique
3.4 Analytical Technique
3.4.1 Descriptive Statistics
3.4.2 Likert Scale
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary of Findings
1.1 Background of study
There is a growing advocacy for achieving sustainable food production in today’s Nigeria and a lot of effort has been directed at finding appropriate structure for organizing millions of small scale farmers towards achieving sustainable food production (Oyido, 1997). Agricultural cooperative society has been touted as the appropriate vehicle for harnessing and polling the resources of millions of small holder farmer producers together to enjoy the benefit of large scale production (Ukeje, 2008).
Cooperative according to Omotesho (2008) is one of the most effective vehicle for efficient mobilization of production resources and accelerated rural development. The importance arises from the fact that the small scale individual capacity of the peasants production, cannot cope with technological and capital demands of modernized agriculture. Even though the family farm may be considered efficient within the static framework of its motive of enterprise-self-sufficiency, the dynamic demands of modern times are such that such a framework has to be subjected to drastic structural changes. And this the peasant should be educated such that he knows that his interest is being fostered (Okolocha, 1993).
The agricultural cooperatives have been there over the years to play this role of drastic structural change in agriculture towards sustainable food production and also the socio-economic upliftment of the farmers (Ugwunedo, 2008). Uchendu (1998) noted that the original impetus for the organization of cooperatives in Nigeria came from agriculture, or more precisely, from the marketing of cash coops for export. Since then cooperative development has taken different forms and dimension. According to Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD) (2001), emphasis in cooperative development is now on multipurpose agricultural cooperative for food production and marketing. He noted that, ninety-six percent of cooperative societies in this country are designed basically to serve the needs of agriculture. Even the four percent which constitute non-agricultural cooperative societies have great relevance for agriculture and use agricultural product and bye-products. In summary, it does appear that the government has committed itself to the realization of food security in the country. However, as to the appropriateness and gains of these efforts, Oyido (1997) has noted that, virtually all the programmes and policies were beautiful and fulfilling but they could not achieve their set objectives because of over dependence on the ‘Black Gold’ which has become the major foreign exchange earner on which the economy depends. Indeed government efforts over the years could not guarantee adequate food and fibre for the citizenry, thus; the country has increased its dependence on food imports. For example wheat imports from the United states in 2007 alone was N2.2 billion. Government’s efforts can at best be described as failure since not less than 65% of Nigerians are food insecure (Muhammed (2008).
This precarious situation has necessitated the National Programme on Food Security (NPFS); a special programme introduced by the Federal Government of Nigeria on agricultural activities to increase food production in the country. Its activities are being carried out in the thirty-six states of the country, plus the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja (Onugu, 2012).
In Taraba State, NPFS activities are mainly on agricultural activities, namely crop farming, livestock, fishery and processing of agricultural products. The component structure of NPFS in Taraba State is mainly the State Agricultural Development Programme (ADP) staff on one hand and the beneficial community based farmers.
Agricultural Cooperative Society has been playing a vital role in the economic development of various countries particularly in the developing countries like Nigeria. The improvement of agricultural production through co-operative inevitable has social effects. Co-operative management bring better yield which in turn yields better living standard, better housing, better education for members and their families. This economic success of co-operative society has been witnessed invaluably in co-operative studies (Akinyele, 2009).
In Taraba State, most inhabitants survive through and the main occupation is substantial farming, which attracted interest many co-operative societies, both existing ones and newly initiated ones. Improving the food production was their main target and interest and at the same time lifting the level of its individuals. Agricultural cooperatives is targeted at improvement of both size and qualities of food produced which were poor and could not be marketed as most of the crops having pest scales and most couldn’t grow well in other to produce adequate food as expected. Some of the food production that were severely affected were yam tubers, cassava stems and tubers, cocoa yams, vegetables.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Food production in Nigeria is not keeping pace with population growth. This has resulted in the upward trend in the price of food stuff. Thus, creating a wide gap between the demand and supply of food. According to Ajayi (2008), the resulting effect of this imbalance between demand for and supply of food is malnutrition, poverty and deteriorating living conditions. Hence, the need to improve Nigeria agriculture. Over the years Nigeria has been having a teething problem feeding it teeming population all year round and this is partly because it has not been able to adopt an improved farming technique. According to Idachaba (1995), the Nigeria agriculture depends overwhelmingly on low productivity resources, land of progressively declining fertility, unskilled farm labour, the hoe matchet, low yielding seed variety and planting material. Low yielding agricultural and traditional farming practices, poor yield and high cost of food prices.
High production cost are compounded by high processing and transportation cost on account of the primitive state of rural infrastructures especially rural roads, heavy post harvest losses both in storage and transportation reduce available marketable and marketed surpluses and result in high food prices, especially in the urban areas (ldachaba, 1995). Limited finance and poverty of the Nigeria farmers have also been identified as factors militating against food production. As noted by Obinyan (2000), their holdings are small, most often less than two hectares and are characterized by low productivity. This leads to low income and low capital investment. Consequently, one of the possible ways of redressing these constraints is to mobilize the desperate small holder farmer for economy of scale and agricultural cooperative is a veritable platform for this exercise. The challenge in this work is to study the contributions of agricultural cooperatives to food production in Wukari Local Government of Taraba State and to assess these contributions to food production in the area. The study is also aimed at examining the challenges being faced by farmers in benefiting from these contributions.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The broad objective of this study is to assess the contributions of agricultural cooperatives societies to food production in Wukari LGA in Taraba State. Specifically the objectives are to:
1.4 Research Questions
The present study attempts to answer the following research questions.
1.5 Significance of the study
In recognition of the worsening food situation in Nigeria, successive governments have instituted different policies, programmes and projects directly or indirectly connected with agricultural production. These programmes include, the National Accelerated Food Production Programme (NAFPP of 1973), the Nigerian Agricultural and Cooperative Bank (NACB in 1973) transformed to Nigerian Agricultural and Rural Development Bank (NACRDB) in the year 2000 to reflect the rural nature of cooperative activities in Nigeria (FGN Budget, 2000), the Agricultural Credit Guarantee scheme Fund (ACGSF of 1976), the Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs in 1975), Operation Feed the Nation in 1976), the River Basin and Rural Development Authority (RBDA in 1976), the Green Revolution in 1979 and very recently Presidential initiatives on food production, National Fadamaprogrammes among others.
Despite these programmes, policies and schemes instituted by the government to improve agricultural development, the sector remains backward. Moreover, as governments around the world cut services and withdraw from regulating markets, there is the need to continuously evaluate strategy that involves the re-organization of rural producers into viable cooperatives (ICA, 2007). Cooperatives constitute the most appropriate institutional mechanism for reaching the millions of scattered peasant producers in the rural areas for ensuring their access to suitable markets and credit sources; for introducing new technologies; skills and development oriented attitudes; for protecting these peasant farmers from exploitation of the middlemen and money lenders and for ensuring effective participation by the peasants in the development process (Njoku, 1998). In other words, cooperatives are considered the most effective instruments for mobilizing the peasant farmers for rural development and for ensuring that they benefit substantially from the development process.
This study seeks to assess the contribution of agricultural cooperative societies to food production. It will deepen the understanding of the values and principles of cooperatives, incorporating them into competitive strategies, relying on cooperation, trust, loyalty as coordinating forces of economic activities and as sources of competitive difference in agricultural system.
The findings of this study will help to suggest to government and non-governmental agencies how social institutions like agricultural cooperatives could overcome the problem in accessing loans, Accessibility to fertilizer and Inadequate provision of inputs (seeds).
1.6Definition of terms
Most of their term (words or phrase that are used in this projects report may be unfamiliar or may have peculiar meaning and connotation.)
These terms includes:-
Agricultural Productivity: The index of the ratio of the value of the total form output to the value of the total input used in farm production.
Farm Management: The application of farming science and technology as the solution of the day to day problems facing the farms.
Bye –Laws: We mean the registered bye-laws made by a co-operative society which governs the activities of such society and which is made by a society in the exercise of any power conferred by the co-operative laws.
Small-scale Individual farmers: This implies that a farmer whose total cultivable farm land is not more than hectares and whose farm labour requirement are largely supplied by his family, his sells are good in a localized market. He requires low initial capital investment farms on small holdings with simple technology and at least 60% of his annual income from agriculture.
Co-operative Society: It is a form of organization whereby people voluntarily associate together as human beings on the basis of equality for the promotion of the economic interests of themselves.
Auxiliary Co-operatives: This type provides individual service to members. The co-operatives main function are to provide credit supply and market and storage the co-operative has no hand in the supervision and management affairs of member farm.
Productive Type: Here there is a full integration. The co-operation absorbs all the member business enterprise that is members’ economic responsibilities are borne be the co-operatives is found in Enugu north local Government Area.
Production Promotion Co-operative: This is co-operative by integration, the farmer depends on society for his production activities. This is a strong link between the co-operative and members in areas of management marketing credit and decision making.
Agricultural Development Programme (ADP): This a special programme introduced by the Federal Government of Nigeria on agricultural activities to increase food production in the country
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