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ASSESSMENT OF CULTURE OF PEACE AMONG STUDENT OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION OSIELE, ABEOKUTA

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

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Keywords: ASSESSMENT OF CULTURE OF PEACE AMONG STUDENT OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION OSIELE, ABEOKUTA


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

This research examined the Peace Education as perceived by Social Studies Students at Federal College of Education Osiele Abeokuta. The study adopted a descripture survey design with the use of questionnaire to get information from 180 randomly selected students of Federal College of Osiele Abeokuta. The results indicated that student go on rampage, due to lack of some essential amenities such as portable water, electricity, etc. based on the findings the study recommended that student who disobeys the school rules should be expelled, the college authority should also source for fund from non – government agencies, private sectors and philanthropists to provides more accommodations for student. The indigent students should also be given work study opportunity to enable them meet their psychological needs for better performance

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM

Peace, as a concept is primarily concerned with the creation and maintenance of a just order in society. Maill (2000) conceived peace as the absence of war, respect and tolerance between people in the society. In other words, there should be harmony, tranquility or wholeness in the organization of a system in the sphere of institutional management.

Galtung (1990; 1996) classified peace into negative and positive and positive aspect. According to the study, when peace is said to be negative, it means that the peace in existence include the absence of crisis, strikes, war, fear and direct violence in individual and at institutional level particular in the Federal College of Education, Osiele. On the hand when peace is positive, It means that there is peace in existence, and it indicates absence of unjust structure, unequal relationship, justice and inner peace at the individual and society levels. This is the real or complete peace that will be addressed in this paper, since it includes both the absence of war (Direct violence) and absence of unjust structures (Indirect violence).

Peace, in whatever form, level or environment it operates, is significant, In that, peace is the greatest factor facilitating institutional management towards substance of performance. This is because crisis time always witnesses little or no investment in education sector academic performance of student in particular does not appear to be as good as it expected to be. This has given rise to uncomplimentary remarks from parents and other stakeholders on the academic performance of tertiary institution students most especially in Federal College of Education Osiele Abeokuta.

Nwagwu (2004) observed from the performance of our educational institutions that lack of peace causes instability and breeds general dissatisfaction, unimpressive attitude towards academics work, viewed in terms of educational cost as a result of unconducive learning environment. One can equate crisis or lack of peace period in educational holocaust (Almost complete annihilation of the school system). Crisis of any type in tertiary institutions need to be properly addressed from the level of family through the school system up to tertiary institutions, if academic performance must be enhanced. Perpetrators of violence according to Denga (2008) should be taught and persuaded to seek peace and dialogue towards promoting progress and academic development.

Issues of students unrest, unionism, politics and other forms of conflict in Federal College of Education Osiele, Abeokuta can be counter productive in the education management process. This situation has often resulted in frustration of the student, parents and the system, in addition to making the Education system inefficient. Although enhanced academic performance is a function of many variables, namely. The quality of teachers, instructional method and materials used, student’s socio- economic background, student intelligence quotient (IQ) as well as the school climate, all do influence, singly and collective academic performance.

Existence of peace plays a major role in the enhancement of academic performance in education system. Peace therefore is indispensible to the normal progress and development of federal college of education, Osiele Abeokuta and nation as a whole.

Theanacho (2001) opined that the learning environment in which academic programme is offered influences the management of the school and students health, comfort, staff working effectiveness and in turn affects academic performance.

For peace to be used as a foundational instrument in managing educational institution, deliberate effort must be made to introduce basic programme in peace education into the school curriculum which emphasizes the accomplishment of culture of peace objectives through offering of peace research courses (Seltzer, 2008, p.275). This peace education should emphasize human and social dimension of peace in it’s subject matter content, introduce the concept of human dignity and human right with specific reference to such values as economic, equity, political, participation, ecological balance, ethics, gender issues and various aspects of cultural violence. Through the harmonizing process of teaching and learning peace education would enlighten students and adults concerning the ills that, may destabilize the school system and affect academic performance.

To achieve peace in academic institutions, which is one of the goals of sustainability, there is need to revitalize the educational system through the introduction of peace education and conflict resolution courses in the school curriculum so as to educate younger minds on the virtues of peace. Peace is the core activity that is essential to the issue of achieving enhancement of academic programme goals and objectives in educational institutions. It is an essential tool to address sustainable development in academic institutions such as Federal College of Education Osiele, Abeokuta. There is therefore a very strong relationship between peace and enhancement of academic institutional programmes for sustainable development of educational objectives, In support of this contention Alimba (2008) posited that peace education is a holistic education that takes into consideration the transformation of academic institutions and people in totality for personal development and the good of a society.

The united nations through it’s UNESCO (2004) report noted that for education management to be of benefit to the citizens, The content of literacy education for peace should be organized in ways that utilize the idealism inherit in seeking to satisfy human needs towards self-realization. This will ensure high learning outcome and sound discipline into the social studies students of Federal College of Education, Osiele Abeokuta that will in turn enhance their academic performance. Based on thus, The study evaluates the benefit of the existence of peace in the among the social studies students of Federal College Of Education, Osiele, Abeokuta, Ogun State Nigeria.

  • STATEMENT OF THE P­ROBLEM

Management of education is crucial for efficient implementation of educational programmes towards enhancement of academic performance. Much has been said and written over the years about the performance of tertiary education in Nigeria which Federal College of Education, Osiele Abeokuta is inclusive.

In crisis situation, numerous groups, individuals and stakeholders have advocated various proposals for ensuring adequate management of tertiary education through adequate funding and provision of necessary facilities for teaching and learning, although these have not been fully materialized yet, but still geared towards successful point so far. However, education is still facing major internal and external crisis and hostility fending within and between the institutions.

There are cases of role conflicts, unionism, corruption, and non-attainment of goals in the schools system by the student and management alike. It is obvious that in the face of these problems, to be largely unachievable. It appears that there is something fundamentally wrong with the management and implementation of education programmes the major problem is lack of peace. Peace is the operational factor that is required for enhancement of any academic studies in our various institutions of learning. The search and inculcation of culture of peace in the various educational institution of learning have therefore become an invaluable decision that needs to be urgently addressed.

  • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purposes of this study are to:

  • Investigate factors causing students unrest at Federal College of Education, Abeokuta
  • Analyze the extent to which culture of peace is ensured towards enhancement of academic performance
  • Examine the extent to which social studies student’s academic performance is enhanced in peace time in Federal College of Education, Osiele, Abeokuta.
  • Explain the inculcation of peace education into school curriculum.

 

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following questions were asked to guide this study

  • Why is peace building necessary in the management of tertiary institutions?
  • What are the consequences of any institutions lacking peace education?
  • How could the culture of peace be implemented in our institution of higher learning?
  • What are the factors militating campus unrest in our various institutions?
  • Why is peace education necessary in the school curriculum?
  • In what ways can peace education perceived by social studies students?
  • What are the major components of peace education?

 

  • SCOPE OR DELIMINATION OF THE STUDY

The scope of this study covers the study of Social Studies Students at Federal College of Education Osiele Abeokuta.  In terms of content, the study is limited to peace, peace education and on assessment of the society of peace among students.

  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

As Nigeria strives to achieve growth and development in education, social and political   sectors, it is imperative those students, who are the future leaders, should be prepared to take over the burden of continuous natural development. The students and development will benefit because good society of peace in any institution will lead to success in the student academic achievement and enhance efficient management.

Educationally: This will lead to the production of qualified manpower that will contribute that will contribute positively towards the national development. The standard academic excellence and careers goals of the various students also would increase.

Politically: The country would have vibrant electorates who will participate fully in the governance of the culture. Good culture of peace would make the student to achieve more and thereby boosting their self esteem the misplace priorities of cultism, prostitution and other criminal acts would be curtailed. The students would be more law abiding. The tertiary institutions would be conducive to effective teaching and learning.

The tertiary institutions authorities would be happy to turn out citizen who would be found worthy in characters and in learning as they confer on the graduands with various academic honours.

  • DEFINITION OF TERMS

Some of the keywords and phrases are used within the context of this study are explained below:

Assessment:    is the process of gathering information using various methods to systematically      gauge the effectiveness of the institution and academic programs to document student learning, knowledge behaviours and skill as a result of their collegiate experience.

Management: The organisation and co-ordination of the activities of an enterprise in accordance with certain policies and on achievement of defined objectives.

Manpower:    Total supply of personnel available or a specific job or task

Peace:             It is a state of harmony characterized by the lack of violent conflict and the                                    freedom from fear of violence.

Peace Education: A process of acquiring the various the values, the knowledge and                                  development the attitude, skill and behaviours to live in harmony with  oneself with others and with the natural environment.

Tertiary Institutions: Study schools beyond the level of secondary education such as colleges, polytechnics, universities e.t.c.

Keywords: ASSESSMENT OF CULTURE OF PEACE AMONG STUDENT OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION OSIELE, ABEOKUTA


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Keywords: ASSESSMENT OF CULTURE OF PEACE AMONG STUDENT OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION OSIELE, ABEOKUTA