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The purpose of this research work is to find out the causes and consequences of examination misconduct among student of colleges of education (a case study of Federal College of Education, Abeokuta). A total of 100 students were used on this study. The instrument used for collection of data was questionnaire. The generated data were analysed using simple percentage. Thus, this project recommends that,There should be changing of supervisor for different examination or subject in order to prevent examination fraud and lectures should teach their subjects properly, supervise the students adequately and report incident of cheating to help curb the ugly vice and also recommend that examination officials include lecturers who invigilate examinations, supervisors who oversee the conduct of examinations in schools, officers of examination bodies who monitor the conduct of examinations and law enforcement agents charged with the security of the examination centres
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Scope of the Study
1.6 Limitation of the Study
Definition of Terms
Consequences of Examination Misconducts
Curbing Examination Misconduct
Examination Process and National Goal of Education
Condition that Sustain Examination Misconduct in Nigeria
Anomie and Examination Misconduct
Dangers and Consequences of Examination Misconducts
3.2 Area of Study
3.3 Research Design
3.4 Population and Sampling
3.5 Sample and Sampling Procedures
3.6 Research Instrument
3.7 Administration of Instruments
3.8 Method of Data Analysis
4.0 DATA ANALYSIS, RESULTS AND
INTERPRETATION OF DATA
5.0 SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
1.1 Background of the Study
The oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary (2000) defined examination as spoken or practical test at school or college especially an important one that you need to do in order to get a qualification. The Wikipedia further asserted that a test or examination is an assessment intended to measure a testtakers knowledge or skill, aptitude, physical fitness or classification in many other topics (e.g. beliefs). A test may be administered orally, on a paper, on a computer or in confirmed area that requires a test taker to physically perform a set of skills. Examination is an organized assessment technique which presents individuals with a series of questions or tasks geared towards ascertaining the individual acquired knowledge and skills (Oduwaiye, 2014). Examination misconduct is defined as any deliberate act of wrong doing, contrary to the rules of examinations designed to give a candidate an undue advantage. Examination misconduct also known as malpractice is the illegal action that students take during their examinations to try to make good grades by cutting corners. Examination misconduct is an act or irregular manner of testing candidates which contravenes the rules and conventions guiding the conduct of examinations. Examination misconduct has done a lot of harm to students since many of them have neglected their books with the hope of performing the magic they are used to in every examination. Examination misconduct in Nigerian educational system has been widely discussed and viewed as a major challenge not only to examination bodies but to school administrators, the entire education system, the government and the society at large. Examination misconduct as defined by West African Examination Council (WAEC) (2003) is any irregular behaviour or act exhibited by candidates or anybody charged with the responsibility of conducting examination in or outside the examination hall, before, during or after such examination with the aim of taking undue advantage. Many of these irregularities or misconducts surround examination and it came to an alarming rate in the last three decades.
The hues and cries about examination misconduct taking place at all levels of the Nigerian educational system is nothing but a reflection of the decay in the value system of the society. The Nigerian society is that which celebrates mediocrity and views cheating as being smart. The society does not want to know how an individual achieves success. The important thing is the success. In fact in Nigeria the end justifies the means instead of the means justifying the end. In actual fact examination misconduct is a variant of the wrongs and corruption in the society. The politicians employ rigging at elections and enjoy enviable political offices and so do students cheat from primary to tertiary institutions to move from one level of education to another. All sorts of misconducts take place in and around examination venues to take undue advantage of the process and achieve “success”. To make matter worse it is not only students that are involved, Business centres inside or around schools, parents, teachers, school heads, and examination officers all collude with students to perpetrate this misconduct. For Example, It is common during Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) examination, to see up to 5000 persons in examination centre that has 500 candidates. The other persons who are not writing the examination come around to crowd the venue as aids to those writing the examination. The collusion between two or more of these agents makes it more difficult to combat. Even the penalties stipulated in Act 33 of 1999 constitution ranging from cancellation of results to 21 years jail- term has failed to achieve any significant shift from the cheating culture due to the effect of collusion (Ijaiya, 2004; Oduwaiye, 2014). The university system evaluates the achievement of students‟ learning by administering two major types of examinations. Each course is evaluated by continuous assessment test (C.A. Test) and semester examination. These two types of examination are not spared of misconducts or irregularities of one type or the other. It is the intention of this researcher to find out the remote causes of examination misconducts, the types or forms of misconducts and recommend measures aim at stopping or reducing the ugly trend. (Onyechere, 2004; Olanipekun, 2013 and Adewale 2014).
This misconduct includes: misrepresentation of identity or impersonation, cheating, theft of other students work, tampering with the works of others, bringing prepared answers to examination halls, unethical use of academic regulations, (Gross, 2003; Owuamanam, 2005). These vices have been regarded as academic misbehaviour capable of truncating an educational system (Glasner, 2002; Ogunwuyi, 2005). Examination misconduct can also be regarded as dishonesty in examination perpetrated among the students (Omotosho, 2003; Hurivitz 2004).
Examination misconduct is one social problem that is disturbing the Nigerian education sector and it requires a prompt remedy. Examination misconduct occurs in all levels of the Nigerian educational sector but the focus of this study is the tertiary education level. Studies have shown that a lot of failures and anomalies happen in the careers of individuals because of the impact of the scourge of examination malpractice at this crucial level of education. The more the government, principals, examination bodies and other well meaning individuals try to find solutions to the problem, the more the perpetrators also device ways to frustrate such efforts. The problem is becoming more scientific by the day; it is metamorphosing from the era of candidates copying from fellow candidates to using sophisticated electronic gadgets such as cell phones and concealed ear pieces. The problem of examination misconduct has reduced certificates issued in Nigeria into a worthless paper, such that a number of candidates with outstanding results cannot defend their certificates. The performances of such candidates are not commensurate to the quality of their certificates. Most disheartening is the situation where candidates who have secured admission to study abroad are subjected to dehumanizing treatment because of suspicion on the authenticity of their certificates. The problem of the study therefore is to find out causes and consequence of examination misconduct among students of College of Education (A case study of Federal College of Education, Abeokuta).
The purpose of this study is to examine the causes and consequence of examination misconduct among students of College of Education (A case study of Federal College of Education, Abeokuta)
Based on the objectives the following research questions are postulated.
What are the causes and factors contributing to examination misconducts from the view of colleges of education students in Federal College of Education, Abeokuta?
What are likely solutions to combat examination misconduct in Federal College of Education?
Does examination malpractice have effect on our educational system?
Does inadequacy of educational facilities contribute to the incidence of examination misconduct?
The study shall cover examination misconduct in tertiary institutions. The study has to x-ray the activities and operation of tertiary institutions in Ogun State.
However, the purposive method of data collection will be employed because of the heterogeneous location of the sample under study, limited time available to conclude the research, limited manpower and finance.
1.6 Limitation of the Study
This study is subjected to limitation and challenges that accompany and research work that make use of questionnaire like; non-compliance of some respondents and inadequate information regarding the problem under investigation.
Finally, financial and time constraints will be also some of the challenges that pose a lot of limitations on the scope of the study.
1.7 Definition of Terms
Causes: make (something, typically something bad) happen.
Consequence: a result or effect of an action or condition.
Examination: Test, assessment evaluation: it is an instrument for assessing individuals skill and knowledge in general and specific areas of studies, and over all academic achievements.
Examination misconducts: A misconduct or improper practices before, during or after any examination by the examines or other with a view, to obtaining good results, by fraudulent means.
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