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The study examined factors responsible for indiscipline among secondary school students in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government and the need for all stakeholders in education to find solutions to the problem of indiscipline in our school system. The main research instrument adopted for this research is questionnaire. A total of 100 questionnaires were administered in four selected schools in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government. The questionnaire administered consists of two parts. Section ‘A’ deals with the personal information of the teachers while section B comprises of items administered. The responses were analyzed using simple percentage. From the findings, parental attitude, government, non-chalant attitude, teachers’ influence and peer group influence among others were found to be responsible for indiscipline among secondary school students. Recommendations were also made.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Most schools in the past were voluntary agency schools. As at then, there was high degree of discipline in schools. There was harmony as principals, teachers and students demonstrated awareness of their responsibilities in schools. Moreso, parents and teachers shared the same view of students’ desirable behaviours. The quality of school system as regards to discipline was very high up till the end of the Nigerian Civil War in January 1970. After the civil war, things began to change. All forms of indiscipline were manifested by the students.
Since the advent of the school system, teachers have had to deal with situations and indiscipline. In today’s society, the incidence of indiscipline is rampant and rapidly spiraling out of control. The students that enter the schoolyards are perfect samples of their society, a violent, angry and confused nation.
The education system in Nigeria is governed by the Ministry of Education with regulations, rules and policies being passed down using the autocratic style of the line-staff model, the ministry is the chief executive officers, principals are managers and teachers are their employees (often voiceless and powerless to influence their superior decision) a view shared by Gabriel (2010).
According to Zubaida (2010) citing Dare, Hashim, Sweinan and Ofie (2004) defined discipline in schools as respect for school laws and regulations and the maintenance of an established standard of behaviour and implies self-control, restraint, respect for oneself and others. A behaviour that contradicts the above becomes indiscipline.
Moreso, if students cultivate the habit of discipline in schools, there will be a smooth running in the school system but reverse will be the case if students are not disciplined. The students today are members of this rootless generation which is assailed by doubts at every step and has lost all sense of purpose and directions. It has fallen prey to indiscipline of character marked by a purposeless non-conformism, wanton disobedience and mental lethargy.
Lack of interest on the part of parent is another factor which contributes to breeding indiscipline in the young minds. To a certain extent, it is a sign of the times. Life is becoming so complicated and busy everyday that there is almost no home life; and careless and indifferent homes produce indisciplined children.
Zubaida (2010) identifies various forms of indiscipline among the secondary school students such as truancy, lateness to school, cultism, drug abuse, insulting/assaulting, stealing, rioting and many other anti-social vices.
According to Zubaida (2010) and Eyinade (1999), a number of these acts of indiscipline were directed against constituted and established rules. An example of this is refusal to wear the right school uniforms and going out of bounds without permission. The respect which teachers command among students had been seriously worn off. And some teachers have not done much to help the situation by their actions. This problem has turned out to be a national issue.
Though our leaders in the past have tried to remedy this situation but the problem proved not to be solved. One of the cardinal objectives of education as spelt out in the National Policy on Education (2004) revised, is to inculcate the right type of value and attitudes for the survival of the individual and Nigerian society.
Onyije and Ojedapo (2010) identify some factors that cause indiscipline among secondary students such as non-chalant attitude to education, peer group, parental factors and teacher’s attitude.
Therefore, there is need to get at the root cause of indiscipline amongst the secondary school students with a view to finding a solution. In this light, the researcher’s concern is to find out factors responsible for indiscipline among secondary school students, with a view to provide remedies in order to make our educational system what it ought to be and the nation a progress.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The problem of indiscipline in schools has persisted over the years. These acts have been carried out individually by the students which results to rioting or revolts. There is no doubt that student indiscipline generally militates against effective teaching and learning and production of useful acceptable members of the society. It is therefore observed, that some parents appear to have denied their parental roles or responsibilities towards their children.
The government contributes to indiscipline by not providing adequate facilities or equipment in the school. Also, community/society influence contributes to indiscipline among secondary school students due to economic recession. Peer group influence contributes to indiscipline among students in the form of uncomfortable environment where the students are scared of their parents.
Therefore, this study will carry out investigation on the causes and remedies of indiscipline in secondary schools in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government Area of Ogun State. The solution to the problem will be useful to the teachers, the students and the researcher in maintaining good discipline in their respective schools.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The importance of discipline within any school can never be over-emphasized. Discipline is a vital component to creating, providing and maintaining an environment that is conducive to teaching/learning and in providing quality education. Discipline sets the tone for correct work attitude, acceptable class or school conduct and behaviours that are acceptable in polite society. With the decline in the levels of production in the education system and the increase of indiscipline among the nations youth there seems to be some correlation between the two. The ministry is seeking to identify the cause of the decline and also to place responsibility and accountability on the relevant stakeholders. If this decline is caused by teacher’s demoralization, what is the cause of teacher’s demoralization? Could one contributing factors be students indiscipline? Could the society and peer group be a factor responsible for indiscipline? The study seeks to find answers to this questions.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The study attempts to proffer answers to the following questions based on the purpose of the study.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Discipline is not just a conceptual theory that is unimportant. It is a vital element and cornerstone to the education process. It directs the thought and work attitudes of students, creates a learning conducive environment, promotes teacher and student enthusiasm toward education and gives education focus. However, with the high level of indiscipline that have been noticed. It is vital that a cure be found as this store is festering and may soon become terminal.
This study seeks to first help the researcher understand the history and nature of indiscipline, as well as the influence of indiscipline in being productive achieving job satisfaction. It also serves to help other educators understand the complex nature of indiscipline; provide a sense of unity within the profession and also to assist future researchers of this subject with secondary data.
This study is therefore important as it seeks to provide an understanding of a strategy that may aid policy makers/administration in their management of schools and bring to the attention of teachers the fact that their participation in maintaining discipline is vital to helping to improve the overall quality and performance of their school. Significance of this study can also be credited to the fact that the information it supplies will contribute to the theoretical understanding of teachers belief about how policies made without their approval/input affect staff moral in schools.
The study is also significant as the data garnered may help other researchers to set up different studies and test hypothesis about indiscipline in schools and how it affects staff moral, that may ultimately lead to a revolution in the way teachers view disciplinary measures and the processes of discipline within their schools. Finally, the study may provide the drive for policy makers and curriculum developers to devise methods for encouraging, facilitating and increasing teachers participation in developing strategies for dealing with indiscipline in schools.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study focuses on school indiscipline from four selected secondary schools in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government Area of Ogun State.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Administration: The act or process of administering, especially the management of a large institution or government.
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