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EFFECT OF CLASSROOM SIZE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS AND TEACHING OUTPUT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: EFFECT OF CLASSROOM SIZE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS AND TEACHING OUTPUT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE
[icon type=”icon-book”]: Chapter 1 – 5
[icon type=”icon-basket”]: #3, 000
[icon type=”icon-doc-line”]: Ms Word format

This study, EFFECT OF CLASSROOM SIZE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS AND TEACHING OUTPUT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: EFFECT OF CLASSROOM SIZE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS AND TEACHING OUTPUT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The school population and class size are the critical issues to be considered in any discourse on the effectiveness of the teaching and learning process. The teaching effectiveness of teachers and the academic achievements of students of a particular classroom to a great extent are dependent on the classroom population. Hence, this research examined the effect of school population and class size on the student’s output in tertiary institutions. The researcher employed the survey research design. A total sample of (100) one hundred students were selected using simple random technique. The instrument used for data collection is a structured questionnaire. The research questions were formulated and analyzed with the use of simple percentage. The study found out that large class size has negative effect on the student output in the English language. Based on the findings, it was recommended that policy makers, school administrators and government should ensure that new classrooms are built and number of students in a classroom should not exceed 50 in tertiary institutions for effective teaching and learning.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of Problem

1.3       Objectives of the Study

1.4       Research Questions

1.5       Research Hypotheses

1.6       Significance of the Study

1.7       Limitations of Study

1.8       Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

2.0       Literature Review

2.1       The Nature of English Language in Nigeria

2.2       Historical Information on Class Size

2.3       Class Size and Classroom Management

2.4       The Rules of Classroom Management

2.5       Duties of a Teacher in Classroom Management

2.6       The Historical Development of School Population in Nigeria

2.7       Teacher and Student Interaction in Class

CHAPTER THREE                                                                         

Research Methodology

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Population of the Study

3.3       Sampling Procedure Sample

3.4       Research Instrument

3.5       Validity of Research Instrument

3.6       Data Collection Procedure

3.7       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

Data Analysis and Interpretation

Introduction

4.1       Demographic Information

4.2       Research Question 1

4.3       Discussion of the Findings

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1       Introduction

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Recommendation

5.4       Suggestion for Further Studies

References

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

Qualitative education remains the fulcrum for global development and freedom. Therefore all hands must be on deck worldwide to formulate policies that will enhance qualitative education right from elementary school to tertiary institution, and continuous, effective monitoring must be well established to check all factors that may frustrate this global pursuit. Hence, most societies require children to attend school for a specified number of years or until they reach a certain age. Many of the benefits of schooling occur in part because students learn some new knowledge or skills that enhance their ability to communicate, solve problems, and make decisions.

Academic achievement of students especially at the tertiary institution level is not only a pointer to the effectiveness or otherwise of schools but a major determinant of the future of youths in particular and the nation in general. The medium through which the attainment of individuals and the nation’s educational goals can be achieved is learning. Learning outcomes have become a phenomenon of interest to all and this accounts for the reason why scholars have been working hard to unravel factors that militate against good academic performance (Aremu&Sokan, 2009). This phenomenon has been variedly referred to in literature as academic achievement, or scholastic functioning. Academic achievement of learners has attracted attention of scholars, parents, policy –makers and planners.

In  an attempt to put sound education on ground worldwide, many factors have been  incriminated as being responsible for  the falling standard of education where it is  perceived and established. Among such factors is the issues of ‘’class size’’.Adeyemi (2008) defined class size as an educational tool that can be described  as an average number of students per class in a school, while Hoffman (2002)  described it as the number of students per teacher in a class. Kedney (2005) described it as a tool that can be used to measure performance of the education system. A lot of argument has gone on the impact of class size on performance, some fingering over-bloated class size as the main factor responsible for falling standard of education, most especially in the elementary or tertiary institution level of education in Nigeria, however others see this as mere coincidence seeing other factors as being responsible.

Class size is an important factor with respect to academic performance of students.  There is a consensus among researchers and educational scholars that, student’s achievement decreases as class size increases. The effect of class- size on cognitive achievement has been debated and researched for many years, this has been inconclusive. Class size refers to educational tools that can be used to describe the average number of students per class in a school. In emphasizing the importance of class-size to the learning teaching process, all Nigerian Conference of Provost of tertiary institution recommended a maximum of forty students per class for efficient and effective teaching (Adeyemi 2008).

1.2       Statement of Problem

Schooling has multiple purposes, for instance, higher levels of schooling are associated with higher earnings and economic mobility, better health, lower mortality rates, and greater participation in the leadership process in one’s immediate and the global community. In an attempt to put sound education on ground  worldwide, many factors have been incriminated as being responsible for falling  standard of education where it is perceived and established. Among such factors is the issue of classroom size. Fabunmi,BraiAbu and Adeniyi (2011) pointed out that classroom congestion and low utilization rate of classrooms are common features of tertiary institution in Nigeria. They have negative impact on teaching output, student learning input and thus tertiary institution student’s academic performance. In particular, poor scholastic achievement can influence the reputation of a school because academic success is associated with the quality of the school. The alarming rate of failure in our tertiary institution is highly embarrassing.

In view of the points above, the study focuses on classroom size as it correlates with academic performance of tertiary institution students in Nigeria

1.3       Objectives of the Study

The main aim of the study is to investigate the influence of classroom size on academic performance of tertiary institution students in Nigeria. Specific objectives of the study include:

  1. To investigate the effect of classroom size on the academic performance of students in tertiary institution.
  2. To determine the extent to which the group size affects the manner in which teaching and learning is mediated in tertiary institution.
  3. To establish whether there is some kind of mechanism which can assist in establishing what determines a large, small or even optimum class size which strikes a balance between size and achievement.

1.4       Research Questions

For the purpose of this research work the following research questions have been formulated

  1. What relationship exists between class-size and the quality of output from tertiary institution in Nigeria?
  2. Is there any significant difference between the quality of output of students in schools having an average small class-sizes and the quality of output of students in schools having an average class-sizes in Nigeria?
  3. What are the general attitudes and preferences of students in tertiary institution regarding class size?
  4. Is there any significant scientific evidence to prove and convince legislators, school educators, parents and other major stake holders in the educational system that class size makes a difference in student academic performance?

1.5       Research Hypotheses 

The following hypotheses will be tested to guide this study;

There is no relationship between the classroom size and students academic performance in the tertiary institution. There is no significant effect of classroom size on the academic performance of tertiary institution students in Nigeria.

1.6       Significance of the Study

This study will be highly important to the government at all level, the parents, educational planners, decision and policy makers as well as other stakeholders in education. Also, this study will help the public and private schools to know and ascertain the influence of class size on the students’ academic achievement, thereby making the stakeholders to develop appropriate strategies in solving the classroom overcrowding in the school and as well enhance the students academic performance.

The study will provide an insight understanding for the public and private schools to know the effect of Classroom size on the students’ academic achievement, thereby making the school stakeholders to develop appropriate measures of improving the school environment for the students in the schools.

Through this study, the students as well as the teachers will be able to know the effect of class size on the student’s academic achievement.

The class size as relates towards students academic achievement will enable the government and the general public to be aware of the effects of these factors and work towards better improvement.

It is important to note that findings in this study will serve as a source of reference for other researchers who may want to conduct the same or similar study in other subjects or part of the country.

Keywords: EFFECT OF CLASSROOM SIZE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS AND TEACHING OUTPUT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE


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Keywords: EFFECT OF CLASSROOM SIZE ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS AND TEACHING OUTPUT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE