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EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
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This study, EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The study researched into effects of moral development on academic performance of students in Yewa North Local Government Area of Ogun State. Descriptive survey method was made use of to obtain the relevant information from a randomly selected population of 100 students from five selected secondary schools in both Yewa North Local Government of Ogun State Area. The result of the findings revealed that the students of Yewa North Local Government Area of Ogun State have been aware on the effect of moral development.
CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Since the beginning of the world, there has been series of immorality but not until recently, the alarming increasing rate of immorality among the students was discovered.

Immorality is an anti-social behaviour a deviant act and an indictable conduct which is at variance with the established norms of behaviour. It is non-conforming behaviour which usually contravenes the social rules of a community or an institution. This act is synonymous with bad manner, wrongful, distasteful, and irresponsible; in displace hot headed, devil-may- care and some outrageneous behaviour.

The Swiss psychologist Piaget, {1932} on the moral judgment of the child is among the first psychologist whose work remains directly relevant of contemporary theories of moral development and education. From his observation and interviews of children, Piaget concluded that children begin in a “Heteronomous” stage of moral reasoning, characterized by a stick adherence to rules, duties and obedience of authority.

This heteronomy result from two factors the first factor is the Young Child cognitive structure. According to Piaget, the thinking of young children is characterized by egocentrism. Young children are usually to simultaneously take into account their own view of things with the perspective of someone else.

This egocentrism lead children to prevent their own thoughts and wishes onto other. It is also associated with the unidirectional view of rules and power associated with heteronomous moral though and with various forms of “moral realism”. Moral realism is associated with objective responsibility, which is valuing the letter of the law above the purpose of the law. This is why young children are more concerned about the out come of action rater than the intention of the person doing the act. Moral realism is also association with the young child’s belief in immanent justice. This is the expectation that punishment automatically follow acts of wrong doing.

Cases of immorality acts in schools today are very rampant and its is the root cause of other kinds of society misdemeanors like sexual abuse, lack of respect for elders, dishonestly, stealing, examination malpractices, smoking, bulling, lying and host of other vices.

Weatherly {1970} perceived immorality as not been guided by principle of morality and rectitude.

His definition was looked from these angles; firstly, meaning of deviant behaviours pertaining to person is lawless, irregular in sexual habit, unprincipled person, unscrupulous and unconfined person.

Secondly, a deviant behaviour pertaining to conduct, he said when one’s conduct is not directed by moral sense, the person is termed immoral.

Thirdly, immorality that deals with books, pictures, expressing impurity and unholy words.

He concluded by saying a child who is immoral, that is unprincipled, unscrupulous and lawless in all sense as a  result of his/her impurity in person, conduct and the books he or she reads.

According to Akinboye {1987} some of the cause of anti-social behaviour among adolescent are traced to be the mass media lack of parental care, peer group influence, sexual behaviour and the environment of the child.

Most children are morally bankrupt supply because of short comings of their parents. The home of child determines greatly the magnitude of his/her moral values. Parents, that are hot tempered, drunkards or who brisker with each other tends to increase the deviant behaviour in their children.

Absence of parental care exposes the child to a lot of deviant behaviours, most youth with draw emotional, Intellectual, social physical lives of the children. The peer group is another causes envisaged, peer group is an extremely important group, they play a role of emancipation for students, the group are faithful to themselves than to their family group. This buttresses the contentions of Campbell {1982} who said “a student is strongly influenced on his plans by the plans of his best friends”. The effect of peer group on an individual is quite enormous. It is a peer group where most members cherish reading {going to the library} having a group discussion, attending Sunday service regularly, attending and participating in the religion and humanitarism association and so on, there is tender for the few who may not have had this inclination to join them.

There has been so many causes of people who joined the reading and serious group and other association to please their friend until they came to love it themselves.

This factor, unfortunately could also work in the reverse. The mass-media is another cause of deviant attitudes. The mass media are those institution which use the increasingly sophesitated technological development of ideals for the purpose of information, entertainment, persuasion, to large scale audiences whether by means of new paper, radio, television, book or magazines, advertising drill boards or where ever.

Denga {1983}, noted that television disco hall, sexually explicit movies and the drug culture shown on television have exposed young people to corrupt issue at an impression able age. He furthered by saying rather than taking interest in the school and what goes on in it, most student held extra-curricular activities such as dancing, sport, dating, traveling and disco party in esteem.

Moreover, it has been discovered that most students in secondary school are in their early. The late-teens and most of them have reached the puberty stage and they have express certain secondary sexual characteristics.

Also, erotic movies books and television shows as earlier discussed are often the” mental-fuel” for masturbation.

Similarly, some young girls may find themselves stimulated unintentional. Many have a heightened sexual desire just before or after their menstruation period.

Masturbation may also tend to perceive the opposite sex as more sex objects tools for sexual for sexual satisfaction.

It is the objective of this study to examine the effects of moral development on the academic performance of student.
1.2     Statement of the Problem

This research work is an attempt at providing plausible answers to the following question related to moral development of secondary school students.

Leadership without moral purpose and the nightmare appears endless because the politicians.

Change agents, they are not working for common good, but prefer the status, which enables them to a mass wealth through deceit and intimidation.

In views of the above assertion this study was designed and aimed to finding problem facing moral development academic performance of student in secondary school.
1.3     Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine the effects of moral development on secondary school student academics performance. The study is also intended to confirm the effects of deviant. Behaviour among students the community at large.
1.4     Research Question

  • Dose parental care has any effect on the academic performance of student?
  • Does the mass-media has any influence on students academic performance?
  • Is there any significant effect of peer groups on the academic performance of students?

1.5     Research Hypotheses

For the purpose of this study, the following hypotheses have been formulated for testing.

  1. There is no significant difference between parental care and students academic performance.
  2. There is no significant difference between mass-media influence and students academics performance
  3. There is no significant different between peer group influence and students academic performance.

1.6     Significance of the Study

It is exposed that the outcome of the study will go along way in exposing students to the effects that acts of immorality have on their school achievement.

The study will also be of greet advantage to the secondary school student in identifying some deviant and help to reduce these acts of not totally eradicated.

Beside, the study will give the parents, teachers and society a large the effect of anti-social behaviour on the lives of the lives of the secondary school students and an adaptable way to handle their moral excesses so as to inject positives changes in the moral lives of the students.
1.7     Scope/Limitation of Study

This study examines the effects of moral development of secondary school students on their academics performance. It is limited to selected secondary schools in Yewa North Local Government Area Ogun State.
1.8     Definition of Terms

For the purpose of clarity and easier comprehension, the following concepts have been defined.

  1. Moral Development: This implies a concept covering principle of right and wrong in human behaviours.
  2. Academics Performance: The measure of academics performance in this study is the mean percentage obtained by the students in English language and Mathematics in two recants examination.
Keywords: EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS


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Keywords: EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS