EFFICACY OF FLIPCHART IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: EFFICACY OF FLIPCHART IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS
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Keywords: EFFICACY OF FLIPCHART IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to investigate the efficacy of flipchart in teaching and learning of social studies in some selected secondary schools in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State. The major purpose of this study was to determine the difference between the student taught with flipchart and the student taught without the flipchart and how effective is the flipchart in teaching and learning of friendship. The population for the study consist of all Junior Secondary School Students in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State where five schools was selected and Twenty (20) students were selected each from the five schools selected. The instrument used was questionnaire. The data collected for the study was analyzed using percentages analysis. The study found out that flipchart as an instructional materials is effective and improve the teaching and learning in social studies. It is also necessary to note that teaching aids like flipchart are important instructional materials that change in learning performance from the record-available it was suggested that there should be adequate supply of flipchart as an instructional material in public and private schools because they are the foundation of education.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

Background of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of the Study

Research Questions

Significance of the Study

Scope of the Study

Limitation of the Study

Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

2.1       Literature Review

2.2       What are Instructional Materials

2.3       Types of Instructional Materials

2.4       Flipchart as an instructional material

2.5       Efficacy of using flipchart in the teaching and learning of social studies

2.6       Principles and Requirements for the Selection of Teaching Aids

2.7       The growth and development of students in relation to learning and

use of  flipcharts

2.8       Guidelines on the use as instructional materials

2.9       Functions of Flip Charts as Instructional Materials

CHAPTER THREE

3.0       Research Methodology

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Area of Study

3.3       Population

3.4       Sample

3.5       Samples Techniques

3.6       Research Instrument

3.7       Method of Data Analysis

3.7       Method Instrument

CHAPTER FOUR 

4.0       Introduction

4.1       Analysis of Data and Table

4.2       Conclusion of the Data Analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Summary Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1       Summary

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Recommendation

5.4       Suggestion for Further research

Reference

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION
    • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The major problem of learning within the conventional school setting is the undue emphasis on verbalism as the sole mode of communication between the teacher and the learners (Bolick 2003) Maduabum, (2000) have proved that words above simply make learning abstract and inactive as it address only one of the major sense of human understanding and communication.

In some cases such as the hearing impaired (Ema, 2001) opined that verbalism has on place in their programmes. Instructional materials are highly important in teaching especially for in experienced teachers.

Instructional materials according to Faurant (1975) are materials used by a teacher and which enable students understand the teacher or that enable student assimilate what is being put across to them.

Teachers rely on instructional materials in every aspect of teaching they need materials for background information on the subject they are teaching young teachers usually have not built up their experience when ever they enter to the field.

Teacher often use instructional materials for lesson planning these materials are also needed by teachers  to assess the knowledge of their students (Sotayo 2010).

People learn in different ways. Some people are extra ordinary good at retraining information fed to them orally (i.e. via a lecture) and other absorbs and retrain a great deal of information that they have read others need visual stimulants or cues to facilitate learning.

Repetition works for a lot of people as well. Most people however required a combination of the above method which can encompass audio visual materials books and even practical application are an excellent aid for assuring that students have the best possible opportunity to retain the information being given to them.

With the advancement in knowledge and proliferation of a wide variety of flip chart there have been improvement imports  on our scope of knowledge attitude and ways of perception the impact according to (Emma, 2001) is evident in the manner the school and scientists respond to local and international issue communication to them through the various media.

It therefore becomes necessary for educationist especially teachers to realized these potentials and explore them. However, from observation the use of flip chart in most secondary schools especially in teaching and learning of integrated science most especially sense organ in fast becoming a thing of the past. The use of this flip chart in some of those  schools are only noticeable when teachers trainees go for the teaching practice (TP) the student often look forward with eagerness’ to having trainees on teaching practice around because they often used  flip chart most especially in teaching science and mathematics.

This study aim to look at the ways the flip chart imparts the academic achievement of students? In essence how effective is the flip chart in teaching of the topic sense organ

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The world as a whole and developing countries in particular are continuously faced with immense educational problems which the conventional classroom setting and learning methods cannot be cope with. Hence problem of this study is to determine the need to explore how flip chart can enhance teaching and learning of integrated science most especially sense organs.

  • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study is to investigate the efficacy of flip chart in teaching and learning of social studies in some selected Secondary School in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State.

This would be done by examining the importance of flip chart in the teaching and learning of science and mathematics.

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

This study is aimed at providing answers to the following questions:

  1. To what extent do teachers use flip chart?
  2. Do the varieties in use of flip chart have any impact on the academic performance of student in teaching and learning of sense organs?
  • What are the factors that determine the types of flip chart?
  1. Why do teacher need to use flip charts?
  2. What types of instructional materials are used in teaching the topic sense organ?
  3. What is the effect of flip chart on student learning?
  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study upon completion will be of help to both teachers and learners as it well acquaint them with the importance of flip chart in classes. Such as in removing the boredom and revitalizing learning interest.

It will equally assist the teachers to achieve their aim and objectives of the topic “Sense organ” being taught to the learners within a short time.

Also it will create the student perception toward the topic being taught them that is make learner knowledgeable.

It will also enable those in government or curriculum planners to see reason why flip charts should be provided for use in school.

It aids students better understanding and comprehension of the topic being taught, this eventually will exist in turning out well groomed graduate.

It will also open the eye of educational technologist to the production of flip chart

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study covers four selected Secondary School in Abeokuta North Local Government area of Ogun State.

The school are in the same geographical area which include:

  1. Lafenwa High School
  2. Premier Grammar School
  3. Peter High School
  4. Army Day Grammar School
  5. Ilugun High School
  • LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

It will have been for all the Secondary School in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State.

  • DEFINITION OF THE TERMS

Perception: A process whereby an individual become aware of event and object in ones environment through the sensory modalities hearing, sights smell, taste and touch.

Proliferation: A rapid increase or speed of flip chart

Flip: An action in which you make a flat object such as coin go upwards and turnover in the air.

Chart: Information written or drawn in the form of a picture, graph etc for easy understanding.

Verbalism: Teaching verbally only without flip chart

Communication: The exchange of information or words

Inherent: At basic or permanent part of something that can be removed

Stimulated: To make somebody interested and excited about something

Educators: The educated people

Teaching Practice (TP): A school where student teachers can practices teaching under the guidance or experience teacher or supervisor.

Conventional: The opinion that most people consider to be moral and right but sometime wrong

Solicit: To ask someone for help or information

Boredom: The quality of being boring

Flip chart: Is a stationary item resembling a white board typically supported on a tripod or four legged easel.

Keywords: EFFICACY OF FLIPCHART IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS


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Keywords: EFFICACY OF FLIPCHART IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS