ERADICATION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON GIRL CHILD: CHRISTIAN INTERVENTION IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

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Keywords: ERADICATION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON GIRL CHILD: CHRISTIAN INTERVENTION IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The main aims of this research is to critically look at Christian Association and their impact in eradication of domestic violence on girl child in Abeokuta Ogun State. This project is also attempt to look how Christian association in Abeokuta as made impact on the society but their activities in the society and in the church. Also their association in Abeokuta, their challenges and their roles are vividly look at. Observation and questionnaire were the research instrument used to carry out the research. Findings were presented with recommendations.  
CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

According to Beijing (1995), girl child are often in great danger in the place where they should be saved within their families and the society. For many “home” is where they face a terror and violence at the hands of somebody that is close to them. Somebody they should be able to trust those victimized suffer physically and psychologically they are unable to make their own decision, voice their own opinions or protect themselves and their groups from fear of further repercussion their human rights are denied and their lives are stolen from them by the ever-present of violence.

The term domestic violence includes violence by an intimate partner and by other family members, wherever this violence takes place and in whatever form.

Violence against girl child is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between male and female child, which have led to domination over and discrimination against girl child by male child and to the prevention of the full advancement of girl child.

Violence against girl child has continue to be a global epidemic that kills tortures and mammas physically psychologically, sexually and economically.

It is one of the most pervasive of human rights violations, denying girl child equality security, dignity self worth, and their right to enjoy fundamental freedoms.

Violence against girl child is present in every community cutting across boundaries of culture, class, education, income, ethnicity and age. No societies that can claim to be free from domestic violence

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Domestic violence on girl child is when someone intentionally uses violence, threats or intimidation to control or manipulate a family member, partner or former partner. It is characterized by an imbalance of power whereby the perpetrator uses abusive behaviour tactics to obtain power and control over the victim causing fear. The violence is intentional and systematic and often increase in frequency and severity the longer the relationship goes on (Carrigton & Philips, 2033, Cilter and Slater, 2008) statistics show that girl child experience domestic and family violence at far greater than male child.

Feranmi (1996) explain that girl child often live in fear as a result of maintain control over them. The indigenous girl child are more likely face both family and society violence than non-indigenous girl child who make up of Abeokuta domestic and family violence victims.

Girl child who are from culturally and linguistically diverse background face a range of complex issues their needs are complex due to the different reasons for their arrival in Abeokuta. The difference experience they have had prior to their arrival and their varying levels of cultural adaptation to their new environment. Girl child with disabilities are assaulted, raped and abused at a rate of at least two times greater than non-disabled girl child.

1.1.1 THE VARIOUS FORMS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE THAT GIRL CHILD IS EXPOSED TO IN ABEOKUTA.

According to Francis Olotu (2009) the following are the various forms of domestic violence that girl child is exposed to in Abeokuta.

  1. Physical violence
  2. Psychological abuse
  3. Emotional abuse
  4. Forced prostitution
  5. Traditional and cultural practices
  6. Verbal abuse
  7. Sexual violence
  8. Economic abuse
  9. Physical violence: Involves the use of physical force against another. Examples include: hitting, shoving, choking, grabbing, bitting, restraining, shaking, burning, forcing, drug/alcohol use, and assault with a weapon, etc. Physical violence may or may not result in an injury that required medical attention.
  10. Sexual violence: The violence of an individuals boldly integrity (sexual assault) rape, coercing sexual contact and prostitution, as well as any unwelcome sexual behaviour (sexual harassment) including treating someone in a sexually demeaning manner or any other conduct of a sexual nature, whether physical, verbal or non-verbal. Sexual abuse also includes behaviour which limits reproductive rights, such as preventing use of contractive methods and forcing aborting.
  11. Psychological abuse: Is often characterized as intimidation, threats of harm, and isolation. Examples include instilling fear in someone through threatening behaviour, such as damaging property or abusing pets constant supervision or controlling what the victim does and who they talk to. Spiritual abuse may be includes as a type of psychological abuse. It involves the misuse of spiritual or religious beliefs to manipulate or exert power using scripture to justify abuse or rearing the children in a faith or religious practice which someone has not agreed to.
  12. Emotional abuse: Involves undermining an individuals sense of self-worth. Examples of emotional violence includes constant criticism, name calling, embarrassing, mocking, humiliating, and treating like a servant.
  13. Forced prostitution: Force prostitution or other kinds of commercial exploitation by parents or guidance is another forms of violence against girl child in Abeokuta.
  14. Traditional and cultural practices: Violence is by which girl child are regarded as subordinate to male child or as having stereotyped roles widespread practices involving violence or abuse, such as family violence and abuse, forced marriage, dowry deaths, acid attacks and female circumcision.
  15. Verbal abuse: In verbal abuse, language is the weapon of aggression; it is used to hurt person through spoken words, or in written form including abusive text messages. Verbal abuse aims at damaging a person’s self-esteem. According to Wikipedia, verbal abuse includes scolding, bullying, defining, harassing, interrogation, accusing putting down, discounting, threatening, name calling and raging.
  16. Economic abuse: Involves making an attempting to make the victim financially dependent on the abuser. Examples of economic violence includes preventing or forbidding one person from working or gaining an education, controlling the financial resources and but holding access to economic resources.
Keywords: ERADICATION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON GIRL CHILD: CHRISTIAN INTERVENTION IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS


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Keywords: ERADICATION OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON GIRL CHILD: CHRISTIAN INTERVENTION IN ABEOKUTA METROPOLIS