FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES SECONDARY SCHOOLS
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This study, FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES SECONDARY SCHOOLS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES SECONDARY SCHOOLS

RESEARCH BODY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.7     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.8     DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

REFRENCE

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

1.1                   BACKGROUND TO THE SUDY

The invention of Business studies define the reasons of providing the youths with educational experience that will equips them with business skills and competence. Lawal (2002) stated that, since the past two decades, Nigeria has witnessed a high demand by business studies for a place in Nigerian school curriculum. Lawal explained further that the need for trained managers, businessmen and women, accountants has remained unassigned. In recent times business education has virtually imposed itself on every one of us. Large no of the adult population has little or no knowledge of business concepts such as foreign exchange, banking, budget, import, advertising and distribution. All these emphases the important of business studies in the school curriculum. Business studies is an integral part .of vocational education “which enhance the use of our head and hands to acquire some major practical training required in the business industry also in the junior secondary school level. Business studies in junior secondary are taught as a combined subjects such as book keeping, commerce, office practice, shorthand and typewriting. While at the senior secondary school level students are allowed to choose their own offered subjects, whereby students move towards a specific career in which they are likely to pursue in an advance level in the university. Pubic secondary schools are government own schools sponsored with public fund to provide free education. They focus in the general education basis and controlled by school authority. Public secondary schools are local and affordable to all children. Examinations are regarded as a method of assessment of students who have gone through one level of education or another at the end of a term, a semester or academic year (Kayode 2005).Student’s failure, in examination in public secondary school is a dangerous dimension to education sector. Onafide (2010)stated that, the parents, the government, students as well as examination fraudsters are to be blamed for poor performance. He stressed that apart from the failure of government all levels to put in facilities for teaching and learning at the basic and secondary school level, teachers’ morale are also low as they are not well motivated to do their job properly. The failure of student in business studies examination is not an exception to this trend in education in Nigeria. It is true that many public secondary schools have not been given much attention to the business subjects compared with the emphasis on science and vocational subjects. Thus, with reference to Orsu local government area of Imo state.

Since Business Studies is made up of many business subjects, it implies that a business studies teacher: should be knowledgeable in all areas of the business studies. Any teacher without the general knowledge a1l the Business Studies subjects – Commerce, Bookkeeping, shorthand, and Typewriting – will be considered incompetent Anyaduba (1986).

Nwanunobi (2010) viewed that, the problem of failure in examination goes beyond the student’s cognitive ability. The decaying infrastructure in most secondary is directly responsible for the problem. The laboratories are poorly equipped, even the physical infrastructure like classroom and libraries are nothing to write home about. So with these factors in place how do you expect the student to perform brilliantly in examination? It is just not possible. Kochhar (2000) stated that, the library is the hub of the academic life of a school. It is considered to be the intellectual laboratory of the school. It is also the pressure vault of ideas, the store house of knowledge and the flowing streams of living thoughts. However, Chean (2007) stressed that, the school library is the sole institution that provide children services but they are not adequately funded. Reading habit of children is low because not all children have access to books school may have some programmed for the children but the fact that the school library is not adequately funded; their wishes and aspiration will not go well. Aliyu (2001) stated that, a laboratory is considered essential which serve as the office practical room and for keeping of other machine available for learning. Most of the public secondary school are overcrowded as many as seventy (70) and above pupils, that of teaching in the classroom such as lecture and discussion methods while in vocational subject like business studies, these methods cannot be employed for effective teaching process. Kochhar(2000) also noted that furniture plays an extremely important part in the physical, moral and mental welfare of pupils as education is the cultivation of a first and legitimate familiarity between the mind and the things.

The business studies subjects offeredat the juniorsecondary school level are essentially basic business subjects. The subjects are aimed at providing the students with explanatory experience Crank and Crank (1987). Paughtrey and Baker Jr (1982) have described the exploratory experiences with the junior secondary school students should have in business as basic business education.

It was anticipated that many factors such as provision of facilities and equipment, availability of qualified business studies teachers, time schedule etc. are going to affect the teaching of business studies. The Comparative Education Study and Adaptation Centre (CESAC) committee on business studies therefore recommend (among other things) that:

  1. A minimum of two periods a week be allocated to business studies
  2. Special consideration be given to shorthand and typewriting to be taught at least two period a week
  3. Adequate materials and equipment be made available to a class of forty students maximum; and
  4. Industrial visit be undertaken by students to relevant places during the course of training.

This study however focuses on those constraints the teacher are faced with during the teaching of business study. Some of the objectives of teaching business studies include in schools include:

  1. The acquisition of knowledge of business studies
  2. The development of basic skills in office occupation
  3. The preparation of students for further training in business studies.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The problem of this study is rooted in the factors which affect the teaching of business studies at the junior secondary school level. It is observed that many school are unable to teach business studies at the junior secondary school level and some were unable to offer it at the junior WAEC examination Ministry of Education, (1986). Most of the schools which offer business studies subjects cover only a few of the five subject intergraded into the business studies syllabus.

The inability of some schools to offer all the relevant subject; Commerce, Office practice, Shorthand, and Typewriting constitutes a major problem of this study. Business studies seems to have fallen short of the objectives and recommendations of the CESAC committee on business studies. Consequently it appears deficient in providing the junior secondary schools graduates with exploratory and pre-vocational experiences.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDIES

The main objectives of this study is to identify the factors that affect the teaching and learning of business studies in secondary schools. The specific objectives are

  • To ascertain the qualification of business teachers in secondary schools ;
  • To determine which topics where offered under Business studies in junior secondary level
  • To find out how often is business studies taught per week
  • To determine those factors that hinders teacher in teaching business studies
  • To discover if adequate teaching aids are available to teach business studies.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. How qualified are the business studies teacher in junior secondary school?
  2. Are the topics taught in business in line with the CESAC recommendations?
  3. How many periods per week is business studies being taught
  4. What are those factors that hinders business studies teachers?
  5. Are there enough and relevant teaching aids in school to teach business studies

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study is reflected in the factors that have been identified as affecting the teaching of business. The curriculum changes generated by the new national policy on education is of great significance. Widening of the curriculum pre supposes the need for more teachers and facilities. This study however will be of great benefit to business studies teachers in Imo state and the nation as a whole. Also business studies teachers will use this findings as an empirical evidence to support their compliant over the difficulty they experience in teaching business studies.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study covers all the secondary schools in Orsu local government area of Imo state.

1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The major constraints the researcher encountered while conducting this research is time and inaccessibility to some teachers also some of the teacher did not respond fully during the research.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Effective: successful in producing a desired or intended result.

Business studies: one of social science subject that allow the in depth study of a range of specialties such as office management, typewriting, organization, and marketing.

Teaching: the act of impacting new or old knowledge into a student

Learning: the process of acquiring a new or existing knowledge or skill.

Secondary school: the school in between basic school and college.

Keywords: FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES SECONDARY SCHOOLS


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Keywords: FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BUSINESS STUDIES SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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