This study, MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS IN THE NIGERIAN BANKING INDUSTRY contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
The study was designed to examine mergers and acquisitions in Nigrerian banking industry. The need to carry out this study rose from the challenges faced by Nigerian banks despite the reduction of banks from the end of 31st December 25. These changes faced by banks in the country have made researchers to questioin the effeiciency of the consolidation of banks in Nigeria.
The explorative research method was used for this study. Data was collected from jornals, textbooks, conference papers and the internet. The frindings reveals that the consolidation (mergers and acquisitions) activities in Nigerian did nto meet the desired objective of liquidity, capital adequate and corperate government, which resulted tomore troubled after the consolidation. On the basic of this, the study recommendation among other that corruption insiders abuses must be minimized in the banking scetor for the country to deriver the benefits of mergers and acquisition
TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the study
Statement of the study
Significance of the study
Objective of the study
Scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Hypothesis of the study
Structure of the study
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Critival evaluation of the structral and brand implication of M&As options in the Nigerian banking industry
The motives behind mergers and acquisition
Examining the impact of M&As on the level of competitiveness in the banking sector
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Method of data collected
Method of data analysis
CHAPTER FOUR: EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
CHAPTER FIVE: FINDINGS CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Background of study
Mergers and acquisitions have emerged as a strategic tool for achieving corporate expansion and growth. Analyses have the banks to benefit from new business opportunities that would be created by change in the regulatory and technological environment.
Aluo (2010) argue that Nigerian banks adopted different strategies to achieve the stipulated minimum capital base of N25 billion during the consolidation of banks in 2004 and 2005 which include mergers and acquisition. He further opines that mergers and acquisitions represent the widely used corporate strategy to penetrate into new market and new geogr4aphi regions, gain management expertise and knowledge or allocate capital. The question why mergers and acquisitions occurs has multiple answers.
The often discussed reasons are synergy, agency costs due to self-acquirer managers, discipline of target management and managerial timing of high market valuation. It is also noted that mergers and acquisitions in the banking industry are aimed at achieving economies of scale and scope. Mergers also help in the diversification of products which help to reduce risk us well. Over the years, the Nigerian banking industry has experience progressive banking reforms and intervention by the regulator. These reform have brought about unprecedented transformation with far-reaching implication on the industry.In Nigeria, the series of the reform in the banking sector over the past three years became imperative when the central bank of Nigeria (CBN) identified poor corporate government, poor risk management practice and inadequate disclosure among other in the industry. Furthermore, following the successful conclusion of the recapitalization exercise, Nigerian banks is now wearing a second outlook
The reform of the rescued bank which was finally resolved by CBN has unleashed tremendous change in the banking sector. The exercise has also placed the banking industry; ensuring a reliable and safe banking services; enhancing a sharp improvement in tern of transparency and accountability so as to induce the spirit of competitiveness and development-oriented banks
Therefore. The intent of this study is to critically analysis mergers and acquisition in the Nigerian banking indstry and offer some required therapy to ensure optimal success in M&As
1.2Statement of Problem
The need to carry out this study arose from challenges faced by Nigerian banks despite the reduction of bankd from 89-25 during theperriod of banking bankxing reform by CBN.these currenft challegnes faced by banks in the country have made researchers to question the efficacy of consolidatioin of banks.
Mergters and acquisition suffers from several limitations. The probem most commonly citied is that vast majxority of work in the area is either based on case study or primarily anecdotal. Other include corruption, fraud, insider abuse weak management traceable to management, e.t.c.
Furthermore, there have been no studies that evaluate M&As as a consolidation strategy especailly in Nigeria, as it is a rasre occurrence din the country, not untilo the recent bank merger and acquisition witness in this banking sector as occasioned by the banking reforms. The study shall attempt to bridge this gap
1.3Objective of study
The purpose of this research work is to examine the overall motive of mergers and acquisition in the banking sector. The study also focuses on the following micro objective viz:
To critically evaluate the structural and brand implication of mergers and acquisition options in the banking sector
To find out the motive behind mergers and acquisition
To examine the impact of mergers and acquisition on the level of competitiveness in the banking sector.
1.4Significance of the study
This study will be beneficial to future research carried on similar topic. it will also provide a reference point to research student. In addition, the findings of this research will serve as a follow. Moreoverf, it will also be a source of advice to existing and propective banxks on how to go about their banking buiness.
1.5scope of study
This stusy is meant to cover Nigerian banks in general and some merger banks in oparticualr. However, although about 25 banks emerged after trhe recapitalization exercise 19 of them were productof merge banks.
Consqurently, some traceablew mergng of bank can be seen between United Bank for Africa and standard Trust Bank; Ecobank plc and Oceanic international bank Plc; Access Bank plc and intercontinental Bank Plc
This implies that the former is the prinicpal head while the latter is just a subsidairy company that is entitled toa holding or controlling interest.
Not withstanding, this is fueling by the need to survive and be a major player in the post-consolidation eera in the banking sector
Incarrying out this research work, attention would focus on nigerian banks as related to merge banks.
1.6limitation of study
Survey research methods shall be to gather information from respondents coencerning their opinions on the role of mergers and acquisition as a survival strategy in the Nigerian banking sector.
The questionnaire to be used be carefully administered and a total of 50 respondents s would be selected for purpose of this analysis
The sampling shall be done randomly such that the respondents shall cut across different departments of Nigerian banks. This could to some extent give a basis for generalization. The data should be collected from journals, text books conference papers and the internet, this will be presented and analyze using frequency table and simple percentage methods. This will make the analyze of the more concise and simple.
1.7Hypothesis of study
The research hypothesis to be tested din the course of this study is stated below:
Ho: That merger and acquisition is not a survival strategy in the banking sector
Hi: that merger And acquisition is a survival strategy in the banking sector
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