This study, THE EFFECTS OF RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF OGUN STATE contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
This research project examines effect of rural-urban migration on socio-economic development of Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State. The researcher makes uses of questionnaires which contained a total number of twenty (20) items and fifty (50) respondents. Simple percentage and frequency counts were used for data analysis the outcome of the research showed significantly the effect of rural-urban migration on socio-economic development as:
The desire to join one or more members of the family already in the town and the social prestige association in tribes with a period of residents in the town.
TABLE OF CONTENT
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Study
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1.4 Research Question
1.5 Significance of the Study
1.6 Scope of the Study
1.7 Definition of Terms
2.1 The causes of Rural-Urban Migration
2.2 Causes of Rural-Urban Migration
2.3 Effects of Rural-Urban Migration
2.4 Urban poverty in Nigeria caused by Rural-Urban Migration
2.5 Impacts of Rural-Urban Migration in Western Nigeria.
2.6 Impacts of Rural-Urban Migration in Agricultural development
2.7 Solution to Rural-Urban Migration
3.1 Research Design
3.3 Sample and Sampling techniques
3.4 Research Instruments
3.5 Validity of Research Instrument
3.6 Method of Data Collection
Analysis of Data collection
Economic development leads to structural transformation and as a result, the share of agriculture sector declines while that of industrial sector increase the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). As industrial output increases, employment opportunities at the urban Centres also increases and people begin moving form rural subsistence agriculture sector to the urban areas in search for better employment opportunities and better living condition. This phenomenon of increase in the urban population as a consequence of the mass movement of people to urban Centres is commonly referred to as urbanization. However, movement of people from the rural subsistence agricultural sector is not the only cause of urbanization, the higher population growth rate especially in the developing world is also a major reason of the growing trend of urbanization. The process of urbanization on the on e hand, provide opportunity of better standard of living, while it is also having certain negative effects such as congestion, environmental pollution, and an increase in crime rate and so on.
In view of the current face of urbanization, it would not be possible to sustain the urban infrastructure with its growing needs. In Odeda Local Government Area, two types of people are living .i.e. the people who are enjoying all the facilities of the modern areas and those who are living a life far below their rural counterparts.
The current pace of urbanization is causing some serious concerns for the public authorities. Provision of basic facilities such as education, housing, employment, access to clean drinking water and sanitation becomes a headache on the other hand and it is also accompanied in crime rate.
Man is a mobile creature and the total amount of human movement is enormous. Mobility increases with economic and technical development as a means of transportation and communication improves and more money becomes available.
Migration is observed in situation where definite group of people moved over an area in direction from one region to another. It is also considered as the movement of people from one geographical region to another, which may be on temporary or permanent basis. People might based on the prevailing conditions and the reasons for it vary from one person to another depending on the situation that brought about the decision.
It is a natural phenomenon which produces social demographic and economic interaction that reduces some of the natural irregularities.
Migration occurs as a response to economic development as well as social, cultural, environmental, and political factors and effects on areas of origin as well as destination. People tend to move away from a place due to need to escape violence, political instability, drought, congestion in various dimension and suspected or real persecution.
1.2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The rural-urban migration in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State leads to the following:
The study is carried out in order:
This research is carried out to make impact on the socio-economic development of Ogun State in the following ways:
The study Centres on the Effects of Rural urban migration in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State. It is believed that the outcome of this study in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State will reveal both the negative and positive effects of rural-urban migration on the socio-economic development of Ogun State. This research will cover five towns in the study area.
Rural Area: this is an under-developed area where people live, e.g. hamlet and villages
Urban Area: this is an area where people live developed in all sector of lives with high level of economic, social, cultural, political awareness, health services, standard education and high standard of living.
Migration: this is the movement of people from one place to another.
Rural-urban Migration: this is movement of people from village to town in search of white collar jobs or for education.
Migrant: These are the people who migrated from one place to another.
Socio-economic: this related to the interaction of social and economic factors.
Development: means to become or make larger, more mature or more advanced
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