THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS
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Keywords: THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

RESEARCH BODY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.7     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.8     DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCE

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1                   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Education is a fundamental instrument for enhancing the quality of human life and ensuring social and economic progress (UN, 1999). Further, education is a key to creating, adopting and spreading knowledge. In this regard, the World Bank Development Report 1998-1999) notes that the gains in access to education have been unevenly distributed with the poor rarely getting their fair share (World Bank 1998). According to the World Bank (2002), formal education makes a considerable contribution to the economic and social development. Education is crucial in: Promoting economic growth and enhancing productivity, reducing poverty through individual earnings, reducing hunger and malnutrition, promoting gender equity and empowering women and lastly reducing child mortality rates.

The impact of parental socio-economic status on pupil’s academic performance is a major concern in education development in many developing countries. According to UNESCO (2010), the goals of Education for All (EFA) and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), informal strategies to improve socio-economic status are necessary so as to improve performance in examinations. The Government of Kenya (G.O.K) is committed to ensuring the provision of Education For All by 2015 and Universal Primary Education (UPE) by 2005 (UNESCO, 2010).The Kenya Government has put in place policies geared towards achieving this goal. These include the abolition of user charges in primary education in 2003, expansion and improvement of provision of infrastructure in schools, among others (G.O.K, 2011). Despite these interventions, still pupils continue to register poor performance in KCPE examinations. The World Bank data reveals that more than 56% of Nigerian are living below the poverty 2010. This, therefore, means that they are unable to access even the most basic requirements for their children. In addition, the gap between the rich and the poor is rapidly expanding (East Africa Standard, October 5, 2005:2).Most of the pupils dropping out of school are from poor background and the efficiency of educational 2 system has been declining at an alarming rate yet the Government is committed towards the provision of equity and quality education. The performance of students in secondary has been very dismal for several years. Despite government efforts to ensure equity and access to all in education; poor results continue to be a major impediment to access of secondary education.

Despite the fact that the development of any nation depends largely on the quality of education of her citizen, the academic performance of most Nigerian youth in secondary schools is decreasing. This has become a major concern of education stake-holders and researchers. Imogie (2002) drew attention to the public outcries concerning the low quality of education in Nigeria. Ige (2007) confirmed that students who took the Senior School Certificate Examinations in Ekiti State performed poorly between 2005 and 2007. Ugoji (2008) lamented that students’ academic performance is declining because they are confronted with so many school and nonschool related demands and responsibilities. Adeyemi in Abdu-Raheem (2010) agreed that the problem of students’ under-achievement has been an educational issue since the early 80s. Abdu-Raheem (2010) also confirmed through the data collected from Ekiti State Ministry of Education that only 26.9% of students that sat for Junior Secondary School Examinations for five academic sessions in Social Studies passed at credit level. Hassan (1983) examined and listed the causes of poor academic performance among secondary school students. Some of the causes are low intellectual ability, poor study habits, low achievement motivation, lack of vocational goals, low self-confidence, low socio-economic status of the family, poor family structure and anxiety.

The family is the first, the smallest and the most important unit of a child’s social organization. It is responsible for the development of the child’s physical, mental and moral dispositions. Asikhia (2010) also agreed that the family educational background and socio-economic status play pivotal roles in the learning process of the child. She stressed further that the child’s performance whether in the positive or negative could be attributed to the type of family such a child comes from. Ushie, Owolabi and Emeka (2012) confirmed that family type, size, socio-economic status.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Over the last two decade the enrolment in schools had greatly improved, an indication that many pupils who were at home had gotten the opportunity to go to school. However, pupil’s academic achievement was still very poor in national examinations such as WAEC and NECO. The government has not yet found a solution to this poor academic achievement which has continued to plague the education sector as a whole today. In light of this, the study therefore sought to establish the influence of parent’s socio-economic status in determining student’s academic performance at the secondary level.

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main objective of this study is to establish the influence of parental socioeconomic status on student’s academic performance. The specified objective are:

  1. To investigate the impact of parent’s educational level on student’s academic performance
  2. To establish the influence of parent’s incomes on pupil’s academic performance
  3. To Assesshow parent’s occupation affects the student’s academic performance
  4. To discover if the location and environment of students home have effects on their performance

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research questions will guide the researcher while conducting the research:

  1. How does parent’s educational level affect the academic performance of students?
  2. Does parent’s level of income affect the academic performance of students?
  3. What is the effect of parent’s occupation on students’ academic performance
  4. Does the location and environments of the students home has effect on their performance.

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

It is hoped that the findings of this study will make various educational stake holders like head teachers, school management committee, parents and teachers associations to understand the impact of parent’s socio-economic status on pupil’s academic performance and therefore put in place appropriate measures to counter the problem. The study will also help educational planners and policy makers to understand the relevant educational policies to be used to improve pupils’ academic performance irrespective of their parents’ socio-economic status. It is also hoped that the findings of this study will help parents with negative attitude towards education to change their negative attitude and start to assist pupils do home assignment while at home in order to improve their academic performance.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study cover the entire students of the federal republic of Nigeria, but due to time and financial constraints samples is taken from four local government area in Kwara state, they are: Ilorin West, Ifelodun, Ilorin South and Ilorin East.

 1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This research is supposed to cover at least ten different state in Nigeria but the difficulty encountered by the researcher is the limited time given to conduct this research and also insufficient fund to sponsor the project.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

INFLUENCE:the capacity to have an effect on the character, development, or behavior of someone or something, or the effect itself.

SOCIOECONOMIC: relating to or concerned with the interaction of social and economic factors.

STATUS: the situation at a particular time during a process.

PARENTS: father and mother in a family

ACADEMIC: anything that relate to education

PERFORMANCE:the result of a students is in his/her academic aim or goal

Keywords: THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS


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Keywords: THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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