THE INFLUENCE OF SOME RELIGIOUS RELATED ON THE PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENT

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Keywords: THE INFLUENCE OF SOME RELIGIOUS RELATED ON THE PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENT

RESEARCH BODY

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.7     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.8     DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

REFERENCE

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

1.1                       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

In recent times, there has been an interest amongst education scholars to understand the role that a student’s religiosity plays in his academic performance, whether in high school or at college.

The Nigerian educational system is full of many challenges and the major problem is the issue of poor results in external exams like the West African Examinations Council and the National Examination Council and some other formal and organized examinations has raised so many questions as to the factors that are responsible for this problem. Though loads of attention is been focused on the quality of the teachers and unseriousness of the students to their academics due to different distractions that hinders effective learning but very little attention has been given to the Religion factor. Hence, the Religion related factor remains an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance.

Vocational subjects in the secondary school are agricultural science and home economics but this study focuses only agricultural science. Agricultural science is derived from the Latin words “Ager” meaning field and “cultural” meaning cultivation. It is the study of plants and animal also understanding the behavior and usefulness of plants and animals to man. Agricultural science is not limited to cultivation of crops and animal rearing of animals but also the production of plants and animal products for marketing and generating revenue. Agricultural science is the branch of science which deals with growing of crops and rearing of domestic animals for the benefit of man and raw materials for the industries (Ndem, 2013). He explained furthermore that agricultural science deals with the production of crops and rearing of farm animals by man for the sole purpose of providing food, extraction of raw materials and building of shelter for man. It also involves the science of processing, preservation, storage, marketing and distribution of the agricultural products. The National Curriculum of Agriculture (2007) enumerated the following as the specific objectives of introducing agricultural science at the secondary school;

  1. To stimulate and sustain students interest in agriculture
  2. To provide students the interest to progressively advance in farming.
  3. To advance food production through improvement of agricultural production techniques in students.
  4. To provide occupational entry level skills in agriculture to the interested students.
  5. To prepare students adequately for producing and marketing farm commodities efficiently and profitably.
  6. To enable students acquire basic knowledge and practical skills required for future studies in agricultural field.
  7. The objectives of agricultural science is not only to produce professional and skilled manpower but, also to educate the rural community with the aim of ensuring complete transformation of agricultural production from the subsistence level to mechanized agriculture.

The FGN (2013) explained the following as the roles of agricultural science such as adequate food and fiber supply, supply of adequate raw materials, sources of income, employment and development of rural areas. Agriculture contributes about 60% to the export earning of Nigeria and about 90% food need of the people (Thimodu, 2008).In order to achieve the laudable objectives of agricultural science, the National Curriculum on agriculture for secondary schools (2007) stated that agricultural science at the secondary schools should be taught theoretically and practically in order to develop the right skills and values in agricultural production in the students. The document further explained that the final examination of the students in agricultural science at the secondary school must be based on both theory and practical examinations. This is to ensure that students at their final years in the secondary school level are exposed to both practical and theoretical aspects of agricultural science which will enable them further their education or become good farmers for effective food and fiber production.

Nigeria is made of three major religions which are Islam, Christianity and African Traditional Religion. However, the adherents of three religions, especially Muslims and Christians are often engaged in conflicts, leading to lose of lives and property. A day hardly passes without these two religions engaging in one conflict or the other. The religious scenario in Nigeria has assumed a violent dimension, leading to suicide bombing, loss of innocent lives and property. The area that is most affected with terrorists attacks is the Northern part of the country i.e. the North and the part called today “Middle-Belt”. Even if there is a seeming peace, the relationship between Christians and Muslims is marked with mutual suspicion and distrust (Amadu, 1989). Religious crises are more frequent in the North and thensometimes little attacks in East. The reprisal attacks by Christians in Eastern Nigeria are directed to all the Northerners without distinction of religious affiliation. That is, both Christians and Muslims are victims of such attacks (Dzurgba, 2006). The Northern Christians particularly suffer death casualties at every twist of events. This ugly situation calls for reflection on education as one of the possible measures of preventing religious conflicts and insecurity in Nigeria. These research is however aimed to study and discover the effects, influence all this religious events has on the performance of students in Agricultural science in secondary schools.

The choice of Hausa-Fulani Muslim herdsmen has been taken to accommodate the controversy regarding the identity of those allegedly involved in the attacks, in both formal and informal reports. It is also an effort to demonstrate that Muslim herdsmen have fought jihad and continue to participate in Islamic militancy across Africa. However, it is not intended to target one particular socio-religious or ethnic group.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Religious crises in Nigeria started as far as the early sixties i.e. after the independent from the British, it is even believed that religious is part of the factor that brought about the civil war in the late sixties, Nigeria as multi-ethnic group is a one the main factor but religious competition between the Christian and the Muslim is the major factor affecting the development of Nigeria. The education sector is one of the main sector affected by the religious crises, schools are closing down in the north due to the threat of the deadly Boko haram group, Muslim Fulani herdsmen crises everywhere, and all this is combined with some other constraint is affecting the performance of the students.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

This study intends to discover the influence of the religious crises most especially in Benue state on the academic performance of students majorly in agricultural science. The specific objectives are highlighted below:

  1. To discover the rate at which students are failing in agricultural science in secondary schools
  2. To ascertain if multi ethnicity is a major cause of religious crises in Nigeria
  3. To discover the rate in which if religion influence the performance of students in agricultural science
  4. To examine other factors that contribute to the performance of student in Nigeria.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following questions will guide the researcher while conducting the research:

  1. What is the performance of students in agricultural science
  2. What are the factor cause the religious crises in Nigeria
  3. Does religion affect the performance of student in agricultural science
  4. What are the factors that contribute to the performance of student

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study is aimed to open the eyes of teacher and parent the factors contributing to the performance of their students and children¸ however this study will also expose the people the effect religious crises is having on how economy. This study will also help the government on some of the policies to formulate and steps to take to help in increasing the performance of students in Nigeria.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research intends to cover the entire student in the northern part of Nigeria but due to time and financial constraints the research is limited to Markurdi local government area of Benue state Nigeria.

DELIMITAION OF THE STUDY

The constraint the researcher encountered during this research is majorly on time and finance to travel to some important part that will aid the validity of this research

DEFINITION OF TERM

Religion: the belief and faith of someone on a superhuman being

Performance: the result of a studentsis in his/her academic aim or goal

Agricultural science: the study of plant and animal

Influence: ability to have an effect on the result of a task

Student:somebody who is learning or studying in a formal settings to achieve a certain goal.

Keywords: THE INFLUENCE OF SOME RELIGIOUS RELATED ON THE PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENT


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Keywords: THE INFLUENCE OF SOME RELIGIOUS RELATED ON THE PERFORMANCE OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENT