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Keywords: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SOCIAL STUDIES
This study investigates the relationship between parental motivation and academic performance of student in social studies Abeokuta north local government area of ogun state. In order to achieve maximum level of accuracy and give a fair treatment to the problem unclear study. The researcher adopted of a method of data collection, which is the use of questionnaire. The population sample was drawn for the study of student from selected schools in Abeokuta North Local Government. The total population used for the research was one hundred (100) students the research findings clarified the relationship between parental motivation and academic c performance of student in social studies. It was also discovered that the relationship between parental motivation assists academic performance of student in social studies, and the solution to the problem is the provision of good materials for the children by the parent and also going to their schools to see the class teachers and ask about their performances.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background to the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Scope of the Study
1.6 Significance of the Study
1.7 Definition of Term
Review of Related Literature
2.1 Definition of Motivation
2.2 Sources of Motivation
2.3 Implication of Motivation in the Classroom
2.4 Parent Roles on Motivation
2.5 How do Parent Motivate their Children to Perform well in Social
2.6 Parental involvement and Student
2.7 Multidimensional Conceptualization of Parental Involvement
2.8 The Influences of Teacher and Experience in the Effective Teaching and Learning of Social Studies
2.9 Parent Involvement and Student Academic Performance
3.2 Research Design
3.3 The Population
3.4 Sample and Sampling
3.5 Method of Data Collection
3.6 Techniques of Data Analysis
3.7 Problems Encountered
Analysis and Interpretation of Data
Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Discussion of Findings
Background to the Study
Parental motivation has been shown to be an important variable that positively influences children education. More and More schools are observing the important and are encouraging families to become more involved because of the recent trend it has become essential to understand what is meant by parent involvement and in what ways it has an influence on children education. A comprehension view of insolvent is present by Epstein (1997) discussed how children learn grow through three over lapping sphere of influences family, school and community, volunteering, learning at home, decision making and collaborating with the community.
Furthermore Awanbor (2005) noted that because of poor motivation due to inadequate remuneration poor teaching environment as a result of lack of basic teaching materials, listless and unmotivated learners in the classroom, among, listless and unmotivated learners in the classroom, among others, the teachers have become the endangered species in their own profession. They no longer teach and the students in turn no longer learn. He suggested that students should be academically motivated as this will go a long way to solving most of the problems faced in education system and also increase studentsacademic performance. He further remarked that motivating students will help them to be more responsible, and have more interest in studies. He also holds that motivation of students will reduce, if not completely eliminate, high school dropout rates, low enrolment rates, truancy etc. in the view of Renchler(1992) every educator needs to be concerned about motivation. It is a quality that students, teachers, parents, school administrators and other members of the community must have, if our educational system is to prepare young people adequately for the challenges and demands of coming century. Of course, the way these various group of individuals generate and use motivation differs greatly, students need motivation to learn, parents need it to track, the educational progress of their sons and daughter teachers need it to become better teachers, the school administrators need it to ensure that every facet of the school they manage continues to improve.
Parental motivation have been posited as affecting student outcomes both directly through interaction with their children and indirectly through parental belief and perceived efficacy in providing in academic support to their children (Wetzel 1998).
It is conceivable that the longer a student stays at school, parent aspiration and student self-conception will alter in line with grades the student get from teachers in other words originally optimistic parental motivation could decline when parent received student grades that were lower than their expectation of their children. However, studies parental motivation of their grade 1-6 children achievement and did not find declining pattern of aspiration across the elementary grades level even after parent received test result consistently indicating lower achievement than expected also added were home related activities that encourage children education, home related activities that encourage children education home related activities included parent working with children of their homework, parent talking to children about school related topic, and parent talking kid on field trips, in addition, this study open ended question to give the parent and opportunity to explain more about their motivation. The various area of parental motivation were examine as they related to espstein six types of parental involvement has been shown to be an important variable in children education and more schools are trying to encourage increase to motivate their children. It therefore becomes essential to understand what types of parental motivation have the most impact on children performance more also, using various measure to examine parental motivation has been a powerful tools.
Many researchers in this area have given in conclusive and divergent opinion on outcome of parental motivation. Hence the researcher intends to find out more of the varied symbiotic relationship between parental motivation and academic performance.
- Statement of the Problem
In recent time, parental motivation have been posited as affecting student outcomes both directly through interaction with their children and directly through parental beliefs and perceived efficacy in proving academic support to their children.
The research work is going to look into the sources of motivation, and its implication in the classroom, parental roles on motivation and the relationship between parental motivation and academic performance of student in social studies in Odeda Local Government.
- Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this study is to examine and discover the relationship between parental motivation and academic performance of students in social studies in Abeokuta North Local Government.
- To find out why parents motivate their children in the study and to know the implication on those parent that did not motivate their children when studying in school leads to unavailability of students needs.
- To find out the influence of parental motivation on students as it relates to the academic performance in school especially in social studies as a function of good mental health of school subject.
- To find out academic self-concept of parental motivation which affect the parent positively and also the child self-concept which has a powerful effect on academic performance
- Research Questions
Based on the purpose of the study these are the following research question which are
- How do parent motivate their children to perform well in social studies education?
- Do children who are motivated by their parent perform better in social studies than those who are not motivated well by their parent?
- What are the effects of home environment on the academic performance of student in social studies?
- Is the parent close relationship with children having positive or negative impact on the performance of the children?
- Can parents’ close relationship affect student performance in social studies?
- Scope of the Study
This research work is to examine the relationship between parental motivation and academic performance of students in social studies in Odeda Local Government. The study would be limited to some selected areas in Odeda Local Government.
The area were randomly selected consist of rural and urban are as around this local government, the area will be based on the school setting around environment in which learning take place.
- Significance of the Study
The research is very significance because it will make us to realize the relationship between parental motivation and student academic performance, it will also bring to light the need for student in Odeda Local Government order to cater or care for them in their learning difficulties, it will definitely enable researcher to benefit of family relationship to student academic performance. The result would also be used to determine the impact of parental motivation and academic performance of student in the school.
- Definition of Term
This definition of term may be useful for the both of this study; these explain the purpose of the study:
- Relationship: The condition of belonging to the same family, the state or condition that exists between people or group that deal with one another.
- Between: In the space or time separating two points, objects or place the condition of factor being intermediate.
- Motivation: Commonly refers to anything that causes people to be has they do, the act or process of furnishing with an incentive or inducement to action.
- Academic: This is having to do with school, college, universities and their study concern with general education rather than commercial, technical or professional education.
- Performance: The act of carrying out, doing performing the performance of one’s regular duties.
- Student: Is a person who is learning to fulfill his power and to find ways of using them in the service of mankind also is a person who is studying at a school, college or university.
Keywords:THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL MOTIVATION AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SOCIAL STUDIES
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