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THE ROLE OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION RESEARCH

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:THE ROLE OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION RESEARCH
: Chapter 1 – 4
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Keywords: THE ROLE OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION RESEARCH

RESEARCH BODY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Information and communication technology (ICT) is an umbrella term that include any communication device or application encompassing radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network, hardware and software system satellite system and so on, as well as the various services and application associated with them, such as video conferencing and distance learning. Over the years, education as been recognized as the bed rock of every society. The word has grown to the point that the uneducated man looses relevance in the society. Thus the demand for education is so highly esteemed that it is almost becoming insatiable. It is quite easy to agree with Coombs in Keegan (2002) that many countries in the world today need ICT in education system which will be useful for students population of 100,000 and more but government in both developed and developing countries no longer have the money to erect and maintain ICT equipment and ICT building for such large number of students or if they do have the money they would put the money into the changing political and developmental priorities. What is needed now is a source of education that is capable of satisfying the educational needs of all section of the society and handling the education needs of those who are unable to pursue full time regular courses with it, in service personnel house wives, disabled persons, aged people, people residing in remote already, school dropout etc should be able to avail themselves of the courses offered. This has to be student academic education or open learning system where they can matee of ICT effectively to boast them academic performance wherever that are with the advent of the internet, the world has become a global villages, communication and information can now be both assessed and shared through the information super high ways the contemporary society as come to the point where academic of students become easier to enable them to perform better academic Nsereka (2003) would.

Information and Communication Technology (ICT) includes computers, the Internet, and
electronic delivery systems such as radios, televisions, and projectors among others, and is
widely used in today’s education field. Kent and Facer (2004) indicated that school is an
important environment in which students participate in a wide range of computer activities, while the home serves as a complementary site for regular engagement in a narrower set of computer activities. Increasingly, ICT is being applied successfully in instruction, learning, and assessment.

ICT is considered a powerful tool for educational change and reform. A number of previous studies have shown that an appropriate use of ICT can raise educational quality and connect learning to real-life situations (Lowther, et al. 2008; Weert and Tatnall 2005). As Weert andTatnall (2005) have pointed out, learning is an ongoing lifelong activity where learners change their expectations by seeking knowledge, which departs from traditional approaches. As time goes by, they will have to expect and be willing to seek out new sources of knowledge. Skills in using ICT will be an indispensable prerequisite for these learners. ICT tends to expand access to education. Through ICT, learning can occur any time and anywhere. Online course materials, for example, can be accessible 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Teleconferencing classrooms allow both learner and teacher to interact simultaneously with ease and convenience. Based on ICT, learning and teaching no longer depend exclusively on printed materials. Multiple resources are abundant on the Internet, and knowledge can be acquired through video clips, audio sounds, visual presentation and so on. Current research has indicated that ICT assists in transforming a teaching environment into a learner-centered one (Castro Sánchez and Alemán2011). Since learners are actively involved in the learningprocesses in ICT classrooms, they are authorized by the teacher to make decisions, plans, andso forth (Lu, Hou and Huang 2010)

In the past few years, the experience of school using information and communication technology (ICT) has gradually been disseminated whole one could talk about the use of communication devices such as the telephone fax, SMS, HyperCard, Hyper media, video conferencing and teleconferencing electronic, news gathering election publishing one has got to also talk about wireless paging the computer and of course the internet and information super high way. Based on the foregoing indicators that can help students to perform excellently in their academics.

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The basic problem of study is to examine the Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning: challenges/implication for teacher education have positive impact on student academic performance in higher education or not.

ICT are electronic devices that receives, store and disseminate information. Studies have revealed that,students who learn in a technology-rich environment experience positive effects on their performance in all subject areas (Fagbamiye, 2007). In the same line of thought, Becta(2003) in his study pointed out that, ICT provides fast and accurate feedback to student and speed of computation and graphing, thus freeing student to focus on strategies and interpretations. Despite the benefits of ICT devices to teaching and learning, their usage in secondary schools are still low as teachers and school management are yet to embrace and integrate ICT in instructional exercise. That is why Onyejemezie(2001), maintained that the usefulness of educational technology devices depend on what the teacher makes out of them.Studies have shown that ICTs are not considered central to the teaching and learning process especially in the developing countries as most of the tests and examinations in schools follow traditional paper and pencil instead of the use of improved technology on-line assessment, tele-conferencing etc.

  • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study has been broken into the following specific objective such as to

Find out whether information and communication technology (ICT) has any impact on student academic performance.

To examine the roles of information communication technology in Education Research.

Determine the teaching methods in student performance that support use of information and communication on technology.

Determining the relationship between the use of information and communication technology media and the academic performance of the students and teachers.

To examine the use of information and communication technology and challenges for teacher education.

  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Another important dimension of ICTs in education is the use of online full text databases andonline research libraries/virtual libraries which are the direct outcome of the growth intelecommunications networks and technology. These databases and libraries provideresearchers with online access to the contents of hundreds of thousands of books from majorpublishing houses, research reports, and peer- reviewed articles in electric journals.ICT has also played a major role in university and industry partnership in Europe.

  • LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This research is intending to carry out a complete the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the teaching and learning: challenges/implications for teacher education. But due to time and financial the research work will be carried out in some selected secondary schools in Odeda Local Government

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is restricted to the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the teaching and learning: challenges/implications for teacher education. However the scope of this research work would be invited to some selected secondary schools in Odeda Local Government.

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following research question have been made to guide the study

Does Information and Communication Technology have any impact on students’ academic performance?

Does (ICT) enhances qualitative and quantitative academic achievement of student in secondary education?

Does the roles of information communication technology in Education Research?

Does the teaching methodsof teacher affect the performance of studentsusing (ICT)?

Is there relationship between the use of information and communication technology (ICT) media and the academic performance of the students?

  • DEFINITION OF TERMS

Information:Knowledge or facts learned especially about a certain subject or event.

Communication:The impacting or exchanging of information by speaking, writing or using some other medium like telephone line or computer.

Technology:The purposeful application of information in the design production, and utilization of goods and services and in the organization of human activities technology is generally divided.

Information and Communication Technology: This is refers to those technology that determine the efficiency and effectiveness with which we communicate and the devices that allow us to handle information.

Teaching: This refers to the transformation of teachers acquired knowledge or skills to the students or learners.

Learning:  This is the learner’s ability to effect a change in behavior as a result of external stimulus (learning).

Challenges: something that by its nature or character serves as a call to battle, contest, special effort.

Implication: the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

Teacher: is a person who helps others to acquire knowledge, competences or values.

Education: is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs and habits.

Keywords:THE ROLE OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN EDUCATION RESEARCH



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