THE ROLE OF PARENTS TEACHERS ASSOCIATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

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Keywords: THE ROLE OF PARENTS TEACHERS ASSOCIATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION

RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

This study examined the role of parent teachers association in the development of secondary school education in Ipokia local Government Area of Ogun state. 

The impact of parent teachers association is essential in nature to the development of pupils and academic career. It has been a stipulated programme which improves the knowledge of the citizen towards academic endeavors.

A critical investigation and observation about the roles of parent teachers association in Ipokia Local Government area has immensely contribute to the Parents teachers Association members and pupils.

Also, the findings reveals that corporal punishment should be carried out both in school and at home so as to develop the areas and achieve the se goals. It is recommended  that parent teacher association should make it compulsory to have an hierarchy of discipline in the school and to make use of available finance judiciously so as to profer solution to some challenges toward the development of school facilities. 

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0       Introduction

1.1       Background of the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Research Questions

1.5       Significant of the Study

1.6       Limitation of the Study

1.7       Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO

2.0       Review of Related Literature

2.1       Aims and Objectives of the Parents – Teachers Association

2.2       Organization of Parents – Teachers Association

2.3       Areas of Involvement of the Parent-Teacher Association

2.4       Areas of Individual Members’/Well Wishers’ Practical Assistance

to Schools

  • The Parents – Teachers Association and the Money Making

Projects

CHAPTER THREE

3.0       Methodology

3.1       Introduction

3.2       Research Design

3.3       Population

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5       Instrument and Instrumentation

3.6       Validity of the Instrument

3.7       Reliability of Instrument

3.8       Method of Data Collection

3.9       Data Analysis

3.10     Problem Encountered

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0       Presentation of Results and Discussion

4.1       Introduction

4.2       Chronological Characteristic of Respondents

4.3       Analysis of Questionnaire

4.4       Analysis of Research Question

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

5.1       Summary

5.2       Recommendations

5.3       Conclusion

REFERENCES

QUESTIONNAIRE

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

 1.1.     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY.

Parents –Teachers Association can be seen as a voluntary and welfare body of parents/guardians of children or want of a particular school and teachers within the same school and teachers, geared with the objectives of realizing the aims and objectives of the educational system.

The Federal Government of Nigeria regards education as an instrument par excellence for effecting national development, hence; her philosophy of education is therefore based on the integration of the individual into a sound and effective citizens and equal educational opportunities for all citizens of the nations. From the civilian era to the second republic to the present regime, education has occupied a core position in government area of emphasis and administration. However, the Federal and the State Government alone cannot provide adequately for the education of the people, hence other voluntary bodies and participants were sought.

Since the schools exist with the community, it cannot be isolated from it both in the area of its administration financing and curriculum enrichment. The community has to work hand in hand with its school for the total emancipation and education of the child. The avenues that would provide the medium for this includes the Parent’s-Teachers Association (PARENTS -TEACHERS ASSOCIATION).

The informal emergence of Parent’s-Teachers Association in Nigeria could be perhaps be date back to the beginning of Western education from the 1840s, when the Christian mission bodies pioneered the provision of education services. Phrag Ezeccha (1985) deducted that the origin of Parent’s-Teachers Association worldwide was linked with the organization called “National Congress of Mothers” founded in America in 1977 and which incorporated parents and teachers in 1924, it involved itself in fashioning out curriculum and vital policy decision for schools in USA. Although, it is not precisely clear to us whether the British colonial government took a cue from the American experience.

The existence of Parents-Teachers Association appeared to have been formalized when one R.A. MCL Pavidson was appointed a director of education in 1944, the memorandum inter-alia “advanced the policy of involving the local communities in the control of education” (Taiwo, 1980. Pg.87)

Naturally, the phenomenon of Parent’s-Teachers Association must have started earlier in the primary schools than in the post-primary institutions. Be that as it may suffice it s say  that “a school Parents Teachers Association  emergence as soon as the school comes into existence”. This implies that informally, the various Parent’s-Teachers Association in secondary school education in Ipokia Local Government area are as old as the respective school themselves.

During the Oil boom in Nigeria (i.e. 1960s-1970s), there was a lot of money to use for financing education and government could provide virtually everything. Now, there is a great economic depression and schools have to find ways of financing various activities. With the realization, however; that government alone cannot run the schools single handedly, it has become imperative to find other means of helping the schools. Since Parents Teachers Association   has been known to have of immense help in countries as the United States, why not in Nigeria?

The organization has been reputed as a form of bringing close interaction between the home and the school also as a means of governing community interest in the schools. Parent’s-Teachers Association, it is assured, could do more than it is reputed to be doing now if proper study is made about its “modus operandi” i.e. its aims or purposes, structure and programmes of activities.

This work is therefore aimed at researching into the role and activities of such organization such as the Parent’s-Teachers Association in developing secondary education in Ipokia Local Government Area

1.2.      STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM                    

Generally, there are problems confronting the entire school system in Ipokia Local Government today. These, among others may have emanated from the inadequacy and insufficiency of certain infrastructural facilities provided by the government. Notwithstanding, the urgent necessity and consequent evolution of the Parent’s-Teachers Association in Ipokia Local Government Area educational system. These problems do constitute a black in the profession of education as a whole.

However, observation received through preliminary investigations revealed that the Parent’s-Teachers Association as a school organization is not really understood by many school’s parents and teachers alike. The way the concept of Parents -Teachers Association is being understood as an administration of schools would go a long way in influencing its organization and performance. It is therefore necessary to determine on regular basis, the  roles  and activities of  the Parents-Teachers Association, base on this discovery, the major problem of this study is to find out in the extent to which the Parent’s-Teachers Association, helped in the administration of   secondary schools in Ipokia  local government area of Ogun state.

1.3       PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

This research intends to:

  1. Find out the roles played by the Parents-Teachers Association in the home and the school together
  2. Find out the roles played by the Parents-Teachers Association in financing education,
  3. Find out the various channels opened to the Parents-Teachers Association in curriculum enrichment and
  4. Find out the assistance given by the Parent’s-Teachers Association in the maintenance of discipline in the schools.

1.4       RESEARCH QUESTIONS

This study addresses the following  research  questions.

  • Is there any significant role played by the Parents-Teachers Association in brining the home and the school together?
  • Is there any significant role played by the Parents-Teachers Association in educational financing?
  • Is there any significant channel opened to the Parents-Teachers Association in the maintenance of discipline in the school?

1.5       SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

            This study covers five selected secondary schools in Ipokia local government area of Ogun state. The schools are as follows:

  • Ojumo Community High school, Ihunbo
  • Iko Gateway Grammar School, Idiroko
  • Ogbe Community Grammar School, Mede
  • Imotu Community Academy, Ifonyintedo.
  • Agude Community High School Oniro.

1.6       LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The investigation would be carried out using questionnaire. In view o four national philosophy of education, this type of study would have been most useful if it would be conducted throughout the federation but because of limited resources and time constraint, the study would be restricted to selected number of schools in Ipokia Local Government Area of Ogun State.

The subject for the study are parents of students, teachers and principals of the respondents there in.

1.7       DEFINITION OF TERMS:

  • PARENT: This involves the father, mother or anybody playing the roles of either father or mother.
  • TEACHER: This refers to the person that impact knowledge to the less experience peoples.
  • ASSOCIATION: A group of people organized for a crucial purpose.
  • PARENTS -TEACHERS ASSOCIATION: Parent Teacher Association.
  • STUDENT: A person studying at College or University.
  • FAMILY: It consists of father, mother and their children.
  • SCHOOL: This is refers to an educational institution.
  • PRINCIPAL: The most important person in organization or group of people e.g. the head of a school.
  • G.A: Local Government Area.
Keywords: THE ROLE OF PARENTS TEACHERS ASSOCIATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION


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Keywords:THE ROLE OF PARENTS TEACHERS ASSOCIATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION

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