This study, THE ROLES OF CHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES IN PROMOTING ART MUSIC IN SCHOOLS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
This is based on the roles of Christian missionary in promoting art music in Government College, Ibadan. In this work, the researcher has made use of schools and selected pupils for the purpose of the study. Questionnaires were administered collected and analysed using percentage. Finally, the study revealed that primary school pupils have positive roles in promoting art music.
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Art music of serious in text, composed and performed in the idiom of European classical music by formally trained musicians in conservatories, music institutions and universities as opposed to folk or popular music.
The role of the church in promoting art music was quite significant, the church which comprised such denomination as the church missionary society (C.M.S) now renamed Nigerian Anglican Communion, The Roman Catholic mission, The Methodist, Wesly. Presbyterian and Baptist Mission did three things in promoting western music in Nigeria.
They raised church and school choirs from their respective schools to sing at church services, masses and other religious activities. Their repertoire covered such areas as church chants, Gregorians chants, hymns, anthems, vesicles, vespers, Cantata, Canticles, German, Chorales, Psalms, motets, oratorios and spirituals as well as organ music.
Some experienced members of the choirs who showed greater interest, talent and leadership qualities may be trained as choir masters and organists, the church provide the enabling environment for organizing concerts of European church music through their school. The schools would organize seasonal musical concerts and religious plays to mark the season Christmas, Easter e.t.c many talented musicians emerged from these schools.
Musician who later traveled to U.K, U.S.A and other countries to further their educational in music, the first and second generations of these Western trained musicians became the pioneers or The firsts in their areas of performances of indigenous Nigeria musicians, pianists, organist, composers, singers, instrumental performed and conductor, since the advent of Christian religion and establishment of mission schools the colonial government did not come into the education sector until 1886.when it did it had set up the educational policies to unify and guide that sectors. It did not establish and educational ministry and also introduce some Educational policies to unify and guide that sector. It did not establish an Education until much later Kings College Lagos was established in 1909 followed by Government colleges in Ibadan.
There was no provision for formal music training in their curriculum. The schools had well educated tutors some of who had musicals education in addition they organized choirs for the chapels, prepared songs hymns and organ accompaniment for Sunday church services and assemblies as well as other school cultural activities such as concert.
They trained the choirs in singing hymns, church, anthems, chants and other religious songs during choir practices, the schools also had numerous school societies which included the music society. Even though there was no formal music education programmes. The schools made some provisions for some basic musical activities. The schools were equipped with pianos, dulcitones, music scores, books and literature for interested and curious students to explore and learn during free periods, society period and private practice/lesson periods especially during the down text book rights. There was enough room for extra curricula activities.
These musically talented students who graduated from this system and eager to pursue further education in music were later exposed to individuals like Tomcharmers of the Lagos musical society, major J.G.C., Allen the Resident for Port Harcourt, Rivers Province and later Director of Administration in Lagos, other private music teachers, among others who gave them training in the techniques or piano playing and singing and exposed them to public performances e.g. the Lagos musical society, festival of arts and the British council. The Lagos musicals society was a mixed Tace society of musical people around the 1960s. The promoted the course of European music and provided the avenue for performance and provided opportunities and avenues for musical growth as well.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The general aim of this research is to study the role of missionaries school in promoting art music in education to determining their effectiveness and investigate their existence in school.
It is the aim of this project therefore to find out their roles and also to find out the problems confronting the functionality of the role of missionaries school in promoting Art music in Government College Ibadan. Problems are
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to enable the research know the extent to which art music have been performing their roles. The study will also place the researcher on better basis to know how formal education is an indispensable tool for de. Arts music first is develop? The talents of those who are musically gifted for their own benefits, for the society which they serve of the benefits of the art of music which depends on supply of composers performer conductors, scholar and teacher.
Art music helps to develop a greater interest such as in arts Drama, Dance and so it deepen interest and appreciation for the cultural side of life.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
What are the role of missionaries school in promoting art music in the school?
What are the problems confronting in promotion art music in school?
What are the contributions of government in promoting art music to educational development in school?
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study concerns itself with investigating roles of missionaries school in promoting art music. Moreover, the study is limited to Government College Ibadan Area Apata Area of Oyo State of Nigeria.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is highly significant in that it would contribute to the all important investigation of the pupils attitude to art music.
This as a contribution to knowledge is involve the finding of the study could therefore serve as a reference point to educational researchers.
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