PROJECT TOPIC : ACADEMIC BEHAVIOUR AS CORRELATES OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN UGHELLI NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
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This study, ACADEMIC BEHAVIOUR AS CORRELATES OF ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN UGHELLI NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
Keywords: academic performance of secondary school, performance of secondary school students
Background to the Study
The research is aimed at studying academic behaviour and how such behaviour affects the academic performance of secondary school students in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State.
Academic behaviour is referred to as students attitude towards their studies. Academic behaviour can also be referred to how students deal with their studies and how they cope or accomplish different task given to them by their teachers. Behaviour is the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by someone in any situation. Therefore, study behaviour has been shown to be a good predictor of academic performance (Owolabi, 1996, Salami, 2004, Whilhite, 1990). When students are proficient in how to study effectively, how to take notes at all lectures, how to prepare for and how to take examination, it is very likely that they will perform well in their academic work.
Students with behavioural problems such as psychological distress, social problem, emotional, vocational, academic/intellectual behavioural problem are less likely to complete their academic task (Barday, 2004).
Interest: this is a sense of concern and curiosity about something, the nature of the subject matter may be of interest to students and this can motivate students interest towards their academic works. They are two forms of motivations which are: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
The intrinsic motivation is the pleasure or satisfaction derived from performing a task of personal satisfaction without a reward while extrinsic motivation is the satisfaction derived from engaging in a task merely to obtain rewards or avoid punishment from sources other than oneself, such as receive approval from their parents or to fulfil graduation requirements.
Habit is a pattern of behaviour acquired through frequent repetition. A students with good habit induction is likely to perform well in his academic works, recent theory and research on student learning had adopted a process oriented approach that uses cognitive and information processing modules which assumed that learning depends on students’ affection use of learning strategies (Brackney and Karabenick, 1995). These strategies involve ways that the learners manipulate information, plan, monitor or regulate the use of information, appropriate study methods, time and study environment.
Types of academic behaviour
There are two major groups, the positive and the negative academic behaviour. The positive academic behaviour include: Students interest in studies, Reading relevant books, Doing assignment, Attending extra lessons, Punctuality to school, Paying attention in class, Avoiding bad company, etc.
Factors that encourage positive academic behaviour are:
ü Parental Attention: payment of school fees, buying of books, positive interest in students academics
ü Peer Influence: academic support from peers indeed indirectly contribute to students academic through influencing their academic behaviour, the strengthening of peer socialization is the drive for acceptance that encourages students to initiate their peers and join groups, students want to belong somewhere. Evidence suggests that it is peers not parents who have the greatest influence on school age students (Harris, 1998).if the peers of student is to improve the achievement of such students, then academic success must be attain.
ü Learning Environment: is the place and setting where learning occurs, it is not limited to a physical classroom alone, it also include the characteristics of the setting.
ü Availability of Study Aids: study AIDS help someone to get a firm grasp on certain concepts or to sure up any gaps in knowledge.
While the negative academic behaviour include:
Truancy, lack of interest, negative peer influence, low self efficacy, academic/intellectual behaviour problem, social problem, emotional problem, etc.
Factors that causes negative academic behaviour. Some factors that affect students academic performance negatively are as follows:
ü Lack of Maturity and Discipline: some students are just not disciplined and lack good organisational skills. They often fall under the pressure of their peers rather than using good discretion, when they really should be attending to their studies.
ü Lack of Passion: successful students work out of passion, they love what they want to do and recognise the importance of the benefit it will to others as well as themselves. Without passion, study becomes a chore and not a method for achieving clearly defined goals.
ü No Vision: some students do not have a clearly articulated picture of the future they intend to create for themselves. Thus, they may take programmes of study without a clear career goal or objective. In essence, they choose the wrong major.
ü Lack of Personal/Work/School/Family Balance: what ever is going on in a student’s personal life will inevitably affect what is going on in school and whatever is happening in school will affect what is going on in their personal life. A student needs time to be in class and appropriate time for study. However, there must be time for family, friends, social activities and time to just be alone. The key is keeping proper balance.
Academic performance is referred to as students level of academic achievement, success is measured by academic performance or how well as students meets the standards set out by the institution. As career competition grows ever more fierce in the working world, the importance of students doing well in school will aught the attention of parents.
Although education is not the only road to success in the working world, much effort is made to identify, evaluate and encourage the progress of students in schools. Parents care about their child’s academic performance because they believe good academic results will provide more career choices and jobs security. School, though invested in fostering good academic habits for the same reason are also often influenced by concerns about the school reputation and the possibility of monetary aid from institution which can hinges on the overall academic performance of the school. State and federal department of education are charged with improving school and so device methods of measuring success in order to create plans for improvement. Study behaviour has been shown to be a good predictor of academic performance (Owlabi, 1996, Salami, 2004 Wilhite, 1990).
Academic performance is measured by the students performance in examinations and continuous assessment.
Factor that affect academic performance
These are: parental factors, peers influence, learning environment, personality factors, availability of study AIDS, etc.
The relationship between academic behaviour and academic performance.
Understanding the relationship between academic behaviour and academic performance is not only of theoretical importance but may also have implications for devising counselling interventions directed at the affect of academic behaviour on students learning outcomes. Although clear links between academic behaviour and academic performance are yet to be established. Much is not known about the psychological determinant of academic performance (Barackney and Karabenik, 2005). Most previous researcher found non-significant relationship between psychological distress and academic performance. Despite the effort of persons concern with education, the problems still persist of much concern in this study in the relationship between academic behaviour and academic performance among secondary school student which had be established non0-systematicaly investigated in Nigeria. (Asonibaru and Oloyone 1997, Okwilagwe, 2001).
What influences this two variables is engagement in school (academic work) and perceived academic competence on student achievement. Academic behaviour is the study attitude toward academic work while academic performance is the level of success measured by student performance in examinations and continuous assessment.
Statement of the Problem
Student behaviour affects academic performance. It would seem that while positive academic behaviour affect academic performance positively, negative academic behaviour affect academic performance negatively. This study therefore wants to measure the extent to which academic behaviour affects academic performance.
- How do parental support affect students academic performance?
- Does good stud habit affect students academic performance positively?
- How do peer influence affect the academic performance of secondary school students?
- How do gender of student affect the academic performance of secondary school students?
- How does location of student affect academic performance of secondary school students?
- There is no significant relationship between parental support and academic performance of secondary school students
- There is no significant relationship between good study habit and academic performance of secondary school students.
- There is no relationship between gender of students and academic performance of secondary school students.
- There is no relationship between peer influence and academic performance of secondary school students.
- There is no significant relationship between location of students and academic performance of secondary school students.
The Purpose of the Study
The purpose and objective of this study is to investigate some academic behaviour as correlates of academic performance of secondary school students in Ughelli North local Government Area of Delta State and how these problems (academic behaviour) affects their (students) academic performance and also recommend possible solutions.
The study therefore tends to achieve these aims:
- Examining the multifarious and peers influence on students academic behaviour in the schooling system.
- Finding out ways and avenues for students to achieve and succeed in some endeavours
- Discouraging over critical attitudes by teachers and parents that may make students withdraw into their shells.
- Suggesting possible solution for early dissemination of sex education ins secondary schools.
- To make the findings available for the benefit of all and sundry especially parents, teachers, guidance counsellors and students who might carryout further research on this topic.
Significance of the Study
This study will help researchers and undergraduates and mostly parents, teachers and counsellors to appreciate the need for early handling and direction of students attending secondary schools, the above hypothesis and some to be mention were tested at all the level of significance in this study.
- Students who have better study behaviour will exhibit higher academic performance.
- Students who report higher academic problem will exhibit lower academic performance
- Students who have high self-efficacy will exhibit higher academic performance.
So therefore, f the above hypothesis are acted upon by students of Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State, certainly, then the significant of this study has been achieved.
Delimitation/Limitation and Scope of the Study
Limitation of the study is worth nothing. The data used in this study came from a cross section of self report (project) design, taken from six (6) secondary schools in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State.
The researcher would have performed a more comprehensive, extensive and critical survey of problems of academic behaviour as correlate secondary school students around Ughelli North local Government Area of Delta State, but a number of factors made it impossible, owing to limitation of finance and time constraint therefore, one cannot draw causal conclusion, further researchers could undertake causal study involving this topic.
Delimitation and Scope
The study is limited to selected secondary schools, parents, teachers and counsellors in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State, involved in this study are some of the schools found in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State.
- Agbarho grammar school, Agbarho
- Unity School Agbarho
- Ekrerhawhe grammar school Agbarho
- Madegbe secondary school Agbarho
- Peace child secondary school
- John Kelly Secondary school
Definition of Terms
- i.Academic Behaviour: this is the attitude of students towards their academic studies or how students deal with their studies.
- ii.Academic Performance: this is referred to as the level of student academic achievement
- iii.Academic Problems: these are certain challenges and difficulties faced by students in their academic pursuit, such as academic behavioural problem and lack of resources.
- iv.Self-Efficacy: this an individual confidence in their ability to organize and execute an action to solve a problem or accomplish a task (Bandura, 2007).
- v.Motivation: this is the force that gives impetus to behaviour by arousing, sustaining and directing behaviour toward the successful attainment of goals.