07014483439, 08182677240, 08119982823
08165312322 hello@myproject.com.ng

ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIURIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC OF GENERAL HOSPITAL

 3,000

PROJECT INFORMATION

AVAILABILITY

INSTANT DOWNLOAD

CHAPTERS

CHAPTER 1 – 5

FORMAT

MS WORD, PDF

PAGES

58

REFERENCES

YES

Sold By: myProject

ABSTRACT

Studies on asymptomatic bacteriuria among pregnant women attending antenantal clinic of the General Hospital Ekwulobia was undertaken, hundred urine samples were collected then centrifriged and 1ml of the supernatant was inoculated on the prepared Nutient Agar and Mac Conkey agar then incubated at 370c for 48 hours. Pure colonies were obtained by sub culturing. Morphological and biochemical characterization of the isolates identified bacteria of the general Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, Proteus and Escherichia. The result showed that 72(72%) of the pregnant women are asymptomatic. E. coli was sensitive to Reflacine but resistant to Tarivid, Staphylococcus aureus was sensitive to gentamycin and resistant to Nalidix acid. There is need for routine screening of urine of pregnant women as part of antenatal health care for pregnant women in Nigeria


ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC OF GENERAL HOSPITAL

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                  

Aim of Study

Significance of Study

Scope of study


CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                                          

Prevalence of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy

Predisposing Factors

Symptoms

Complications of asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy

Expectation (prognosis)

Treatment of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Diagnosis

CHAPTER THREE

Materials and Methods

Study area

Study Population

Collection of Specimen

Preparation of culture media

Centrifugation

Microscopy

Isolation

Antibiotic Sensitivity test

Identification and characterization of bacteria isolates

Gram Reaction

Biochemical Test

Oxidase Test

Coagulase Test

Indole Test

Motility Test

Ureaese Test

Citrate utilization test

Sugar fermentation test

Mannitol test

References

 

ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC OF GENERAL HOSPITAL

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Asymptomatic bacterial refers to the presence of bacteria in Urine. It is a conduction in which urine reveals a significant growth of pathogens that is greater than 105 bacteria/ml, but without the patient showing symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI) (Girbert et al; 2005).

This common during pregnancy. The apparent reduction in immunity of pregnant women appears to encourage the growth of both commensurable and non-commensurable microorganism (Scott et al; 1990).

The physiological increase in plasma volume during pregnancy decrease urine concentration and up to 70% pregnant woman develop glucosurea, which encourage bacteria growth in urine (Patterson et al; 1987 luces et al; 1993).

Pregnancy enhances the progression from asymptomatic bacterial which could lead to pyelonephritis and adverse obstetric  out comes such as premature, low birth weight (Connotly et al; 1999) and higher foetal mortality rates (Nicolle, 1994, Delzell et al; 2000) the adverse effects  of undiagnosed asymptomatic bacterial on mother and child have made researchers to suggest routine culture screening for all pregnant women attending antenatal clinic (Kirlam, 2005) in order to prevent mother and child from any form of complication that may arise due to infection.



However, in many hospitals in developing countries including Nigeria, routine urine culture test is not carried out for antenatal patients. Probably due to cost implication and time factors for culture result (Usually 48 hour’s period) instead many clinicians opt for the strip urinalysis method for accessing urine in pregnant women.

The true picture of such urine specimen cannot be fully accessed as the strip cannot qualify the extent of infection in such a patient as well as provide antimicrobial therapy which is usually seen in the case of culture test. In many health centers in developing countries. The attention of clinicians and health care providers  is usually on the presence of glucose and protein in urine specimens with less attention on possible asymptomatic infection.

The incidence of asymptomatic bacterium is reported as 2-4% during pregnancy. Pregnant  women and their unborn fetuses may be at risk of complication Guyton, 1996, Lindsay, 2003, Bloomberg etal; 2005).

Quantitative criteria for identifying significant bacterium in an asymptomatic person is at least 100cfu/mc of urine from a catheterized specimen (Warren et al; 1982, hysky et al; 1987, saint et al; 2003). According to the infections disease society of America (IDSA) guideline. The diagnosis of asymptomatic bacterial in pregnant women is appropriate only if the same species is present in quantities at least 10cfu/ml in at least two consecutive voided specimens (Nicolle, 2003, Nicolle et al; 2005).

AIM OF STUDY

Asymptomatic bacterial is common in pregnant women and if untreated could lead to serious complications. Although asymptomatic bacterium could also lead to such complications, this fact is not well known.

This study is to determining the prevalence of asymptomatic bacterial among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at the General Hospital Ekwulobia.

SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The importance of this study is to determine the bacterial load, kinds or species that would be recovered from urine samples of pregnant women attending antenatal at General Hospital Ekwulobia.



SCOPE OF STUDY

This study is therefore undertaken to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic bacterium in pregnant women attending antenatal clinic at General Hospital Ekwulobia and to identify the microorganism involved, determine their relative proportions and their antibiotic sensitive.

 

Keywords:ASYMPTOMATIC BACTERIA AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC OF GENERAL HOSPITAL

Additional information

AVAILABILITY

INSTANT DOWNLOAD

CHAPTERS

CHAPTER 1 – 5

FORMAT

MS WORD, PDF

PAGES

58

REFERENCES

YES

Not the topic you are looking for? Search here




Choose what you want by category

PROJECT TOPICS HIRE A WRITER
CUSTOMIZED ESSAY FREE ONLINE COURSES
MAKE PAYMENT(S) DOWNLOAD PROJECT(S)





Need Help? Chat with us