PROJECT TOPIC : ATTITUDE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARD SEX EDUCATION IN UGHELLI NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
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This study, ATTITUDE OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARD SEX EDUCATION IN UGHELLI NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
Keywords: attitude of senior secondary school, sex education
- 1.1Background of the Study
Many problems confront parents and teachers who are engaged in sex education of their students. Among these problems is the prominent one of the adoption by parents of passive attitude towards sex education of their children.
Senior Secondary school student’s attitude towards sex education differs from one group to another depending on many factors such as dominant perception held in different communities, social belief, peer group, religious factors, family socialization and cultural setup within which theses students grew up.
These factors either combine or separated, in influencing the attitude of senior secondary school students. Students view sex education either positively or negatively, to some, It is seen as a solution to problems surrounding teenagers such as lack of knowledge in contraception which sometime result in an unplanned pregnancy. Sometimes lack of knowledge leads to infection of diseases like HIV and AIDs. According to Naidoo-(2001), the 1996 figures indicated that in South Africa 3.3% (158-298) of male and 11.7% 9502-719) of females in 15-24 years-age-grade are HIV positive, otherwise view sex education as a problem that is immoral to the eyes of the elderly people and primitive rural community at large. Therefore, it is perceived as one of those social forces that came with modernization which break down the essence of moral fabric of the entire society.
In rural setting, some people still believe that sex education is equivalent to social taboo that might lead to social snobbery on the part of those teachers who resort to it; as a result, teachers and parents do not welcome open and frank discussion about sex education, so the students turn for advice and guidance to peers and other siblings.
One third of 12-17years old South Africans have had sexual intercourse. One fifth of the said sample reported having their first sexual encounter at the age of 12 or younger. Most of the teenagers said that they have learnt sex from their friends and peer grades and that coercive plays significant role in adolescent sexual behaviour. About 22% of sexually active teenagers said that they have been involved in sex because they were afraid of what their friends would say if they did not. Almost 4 in 10 of sexually experienced teenager girl said that they have been forced to have sex when they did not want to. About 28%indicated that they know people of their age who had sex for money, food, drinks or other gifts. Only about 55% of sexually active teenagers said that they always use condom when having sex. About 70% said that they were embarrassed to buy condoms. There may be many reasons which could account for the occurrence of these figures but there is always an apparent lack of negotiating skills among female students.
Sex education equips students with life skills, reduces the high level of school dropout and unwanted pregnancy, It gives knowledge to teenagers on how to prevent transmission of diseases and health problems. Sex education offers sexuality programmes which aid to provide accurate information about human sexuality and an opportunity for young people to develop and understand their values attitude and believe about sexuality. The students are help to develop relationship and interpersonal skills and exercise responsibility regarding sexual relationship including addressing abstinence.
The study of attitude of senior secondary school students toward sex education is very important because of an increasing number in teenage pregnancies, rapid growth of sexual transmitted infections and Aids, abortions and school dropout. Sex education might of immense biological and traumatic consequences which jeopardize the life opportunities of the youth. The study therefore might contribute in moderating and re-moulding the attitude of students towards sex education by inducing clear understanding. This study would review the attitude of students towards sex education. Therefore, the parents, teachers and other stakeholders would know the ideal of students who suffered most and eventually become drop-outs.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
It has come to the knowledge of most educational psychologist, researchers etc that there is still a gap in the context of sex education. The study set out to examine or unravel the attitude of students towards sex education in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State and also to the society at large, despite the fact that sex education is a topic in biology in senior secondary school, If is still being neglected to the detriment of the students in Agbarha-Otor in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State, It is seen as a taboo to talk about or teach sex in senior secondary school, This make tutors shy away from teaching it.
Some of the senior secondary school students view sex education negatively, they see it as an immoral lesson, thereby withdrawing or paying less attention to the teacher and this can result to lack of knowledge in contraception which sometimes result in an unplanned pregnancies or lead to infection of disease and Aids. Teachers in the other hand sometimes lack the availability of adequate instructional materials in teaching sex education. This makes it difficult for the students to fully understand the problem. As a result, this study aimed at finding answer to the questions” what is the attitude of senior secondary school students towards sex education in Ughelli North Local Government Area.
1.3 Research Questions
What is the attitude of senior secondary school students towards sex education?
What is the attitude of senior secondary school students towards sex education in relation to information giving by parents, teachers, peers and other media?
- What is the attitude of girls towards sex education?
- What is the attitude of boys towards sex education?
- What is the attitude of rural students towards sex education?
- What is the attitude of urban students towards sex education?
1.4 Purpose of the Study
Generally, the purpose of the study is to look into the attitude of senior secondary school students towards sex education with respect to it effect and find possible ways of reducing the number of teenage pregnancy, rapid growth of sexually transmitted infections and Aids, abortions and school drop-out. Specifically, the purpose of this study is to:
- Determine the nature of senior secondary school student’s attitude towards sex education.
- Determine the extent to which gender, age, grade and residence influence students attitude towards sex education.
- Find out the nature of senior secondary school students attitude towards sex education in relation to information giving by parents, teachers and other media.
1.5 Significance of the Study
This study will be of enormous benefit to the researchers, teachers, parents and students. Firstly, shows who embarked on educational research will find this work very useful as it will help them to know the attitude of senior secondary school students towards sex education. Also parents will benefit from this study as it will expose them to some dangers their children might be expose to if they are not properly taught about sex. Teacher also stand to benefit from this study as it will help them to identify students with positive and negative attitude towards sex education, and how it affect their personality and social life. Finally, students will also understand, fully about sex education and see how it affect or influence their attitude.
1.6 Scope and Delimitation of the Study
This study is mainly focused on the attitude of senior secondary school students towards sex education in Ughelli North Local Government Area of Delta State.
The study was delimited to some selected senior secondary school students of class SS1-SS3, in Ughelli North Local Government Area.
1.7 Definition of Terms
Attitude: Attitude is a learned predisposition of respond to people, objects or institution in a positive or negative way. Attitudes are generally positive or negative view of a person, place, thing or event
Sex education refers to instruction given about sex and other issues that relates to sex. Sex education is an institution about sex and its related issues.
Sex is an activity when a sperm and egg meet. Sex is an enjoyment between a boy and a girl; others define sex as boyfriend and girlfriend relationship.
Sexuality education is a process of making the individual development a positive and who lissome attitude towards sexuality.