PROJECT TOPIC : AUTOMATED HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
CHAPTERS: Chapter 1 – 5
PRICE : #3, 000
FORMAT: Ms Word
This study, AUTOMATED HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
Keywords: AUTOMATED HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT
This project is aim at developing an Automated Hospital Management System using a function-oriented design. Every cooperate organization, institution or government agency requires data and good quality information to function effectively. It is not an over statement to say that many organizations, institutions or government agencies have become critically dependent on the use of database system for their successes especially in the hospital. Data collected from various sources for example telephone, fax, verbal messages, mails etc. are used in decision making, planning and control of operations in management of clients, personnel and recourses. The poor efficiency of the present manual management system in hospitals today results from the inordinate length of time it takes to search for and locate patient folders and the ineffective filling system adopted. In this project the SQL Server database is the database server where the data is sent to and retrieved from while Active Server Pages (.net programming language) is the client which provides the user interface design and the forms used by the doctors, staff and nurses during administration in the office, laboratory, wards, pharmacy, X-ray etc.
1.0 BACKGROUND INFORMATION
A hospital is an institution for health care that provides patient treatment by specialized staff and equipment. Usually, hospitals are funded by the public sector, by health organizations (for profit or nonprofit), health insurance companies or charities, including funds by direct charitable donations. Historically, however, hospitals were often founded and funded by religious orders or charitable individuals and leaders. Modern-day hospitals are largely staffed by professional physicians, surgeons, and nurses.
1.1 CLASSIFICATION OF HOSPITAL.
Hospitals are distinguished by their ownership, scope of services, and whether they are teaching hospitals with academic affiliations. Hospitals may be operated as proprietary (for-profit) businesses, owned either by corporations or individuals such as the physicians or they may be voluntary-owned by non-profit corporations, religious organizations, or operated by federal, state, or city governments. Voluntary and non-profit hospitals are usually governed by a board of trustees, selected from among community business and civic leaders, who serve without pay to oversee hospital operations.
1.1.1 COMMUNITY HOSPITALS
Most community hospitals offer emergency services as well as a range of inpatient and outpatient medical and surgical services. Community hospitals, where most people receive care, are typically small, with fifty to five hundred beds. These hospitals normally provide quality care for routine medical and surgical problems.
1.1.2 TEACHING HOSPITALS
Teaching hospitals are those community and tertiary hospitals affiliated with medical schools, nursing schools, or allied-health professions training programs. Teaching hospitals are the primary sites for training new physicians where interns and residents work under the supervision of experienced physicians. Non teaching hospitals also may maintain affiliations with medical schools and some also serve as sites for nursing and allied-health professions students as well as physicians-in-training.
Most teaching hospitals, which provide clinical training for medical students and other health care professionals, are affiliated with a medical school and may have several hundred beds. Many of the physicians on staff at the hospital also hold teaching positions at the university affiliated with the hospital, in addition to teaching physicians-in-training at the bedsides of the patients. Patients in teaching hospitals understand that they may be examined by medical students and residents in addition to their primary “attending” physicians.
1.1.3 PUBLIC HOSPITALS
Public hospitals are owned and operated by federal, state, or city governments. Many have a continuing tradition of caring for the poor. They are usually located in the inner cities and are often in precarious financial situations because many of their patients are unable to pay for services. The federal government matches the states’ contribution to provide a certain minimal level of available coverage, and the states may offer additional services at their own expense.
1.1.4 GENERAL HOSPITAL
This is the best type of hospital, it is set up to deal with many kinds of diseases and injuries, and normally has an emergency department to deal with immediate and urgent threats to health.
1.1.5 DISTRICT HOSPITAL
This is the major health care facility in its region, with large numbers of beds for intensive care and long-term care; and specialized facilities for surgery, plastic surgery, childbirth, and bioassay laboratories.
1.1.6 SPECIALIZED HOSPITAL
This is a special type of hospital meant for a particular case like trauma centers, rehabilitation hospitals, children’s hospitals, seniors’ (geriatric) hospitals, and hospitals for dealing with specific medical needs such as psychiatric problems, certain disease categories such as cardiac, intensive care unit, neurology, cancer center, and obstetrics and gynecology, oncology, or orthopedic problems.
A medical facility smaller than a hospital is generally called a clinic, and often is run by a government agency for health services or a private partnership of physicians (in nations where private practice is allowed). Clinics generally provide only outpatient services.
1.4 PROBLEMS OF THE MANUAL SYSTEM
Lack of immediate retrieval:- The information is very difficult to retrieve and to find particular information e.g. – To find out about the patient’s history, the user has to go through various registers. This results in inconvenience and waste of time.
Lack of immediate information storage: – The information generated by various transactions takes time and efforts to store them.
Error prone manual calculation: – Manual calculations are error prone and takes a lot of time, this may result in incorrect information. For example, calculation of patient’s bill based on various treatments.
Preparation of accurate and prompt reports: – This becomes a difficult task as business intelligence is difficult, this is due to lack of information collation (ability to put information together and analyze them).