PROJECT TOPIC : EFFECT OF BROKEN HOMES ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN WARRI NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE
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Keywords: effect of broken homes, academic performance of secondary school
Background of the Study
Educational system in any society reflects and adapts itself to the political, cultural and emotional circumstances of the society.
According to Gerald (2002), Nigeria is not left out in the question to educate her citizens to suit her manpower requirements and to meet the aspiration of the ever changing economic order. Over the years, education planers and administrators have been saddled with the task of deciphering the reasons for the school and the academic programme to ascertain how the students reacts to the academic climate of his school. Though important, the school may not be the only place where reasons for how academic programme could be located.
The child psychological development, the development of his/her motivation and the entire socialisation process are influenced by the home. Research studies on school have revealed differences in their developmental pace, and that no child is typical, this is because children come to school with different background and experiences. A good deal of what the child is ready to learn, what to learn or what can the child learn has to do with what he/she has already learnt at home before coming to school, the style of learning and values in the family will almost certainly influence in the school and his whole or overall academic performance.
Differences have been noticed in the emotional and social development which affects the academic performance of children brought up by one parent or by relatives in a monogamous or in a polygamous home by a divorced parent or in united family, in a happy home or in a quarrelsome home, by educated parents or by illiterate parents in rural or urban area (Farrat, 2000).
Children from broken homes are usually starved due to maltreatment and malnourishment, a child who has his intellectual ability starved down, such a child will feel the impact of neglect he will not mix up well in the school and thus withdrawn.
The up-bringing of a child is therefore the collective responsibility of both parents. Cohen (2000) stated that both parents are needed to control their children simply because of the time and energy required to socialize them. Rising proportion of children are being raised in single parent homes. It analyses the detrimental effect on a child brought up in a single parent home, whatever the circumstance may be and how juvenile delinquency, particular is a frequency consequence of this arrangement. Juvenile delinquency is not just a personal or familiar problem, it is a social problem as research has shown that it is even more of a problem for minorities. The minority child growing up without a father or mother increases single see’s crime and anti-social behaviour in general as the road to success. It uses the state of new Jersey as an example of cities that have been hard hit by economic depression, population decline, crime out of wedlock birth and single parental hood that evaluate the new minority culture of drugs and crime which is not only entrenched but is growing continually worse, each new generation witnesses conditions worse than those seen by its predecessor.
In effect, these children become indoctrinated into a culture that is distinct from that of the general population, once the child of a single parent house-hold is firmly on the path to a life crime, he develops all the inherent defect he encounter to establish authority and norms.
The child, first as a teenager and then as an adult moves into the sphere of the drug dealers and the gang into the upside down of realm of the slum, it is a world in which sex and violence play a central view, such an environment put any break on their own desires and impulses.
Statement of Problem
This project attempt to look into problem children encounter by those who are not brought up by their parents or either the father or the mother from observation, some children are not well brought up to fit into the condition of the home, some children do not facilitate proper, mental and emotional development, in fact, such children are not given proper guidance in their up-bringing.
From the past years, the performance of students in formal education has been followed by many factors, while the structure of the home as it affects the formal education of the child has been very silent, as a result of silent nature of the effects of broken homes on the formal education of the child, one really find researcher undertaking it’s study, even those who have not structure of the method of instruction to be use in any lesson.
It has also been a problem that the performance and ambition of students from broken homes, in terms of formal education, is identified due to the silent nature of this factors, parents have not been made aware of the implication of broken homes and the possible effects it will have on the children formal education so that they could take precaution and limit of the extent to which they divorce.
The statement of problem of the study is the effects of broken homes on students academic performance.
The following questions guided the study
- What is the effects of broken homes on the academic performance of secondary school students?
- What is the effects of broken homes on the academic performance of secondary school students based on gender?
- What is the effects of broken homes on the academic performance of secondary school students based on location?
- What is the effects of broken homes on the academic performance of secondary school students based on school type?
The following null hypothesis will be tested
Ho1 there is no significant relationship between broken homes of student’s sex and the academic performance.
Ho2 there is no significant relationship between broken homes of student’s location and their academic performance.
Ho3 there is no significant relationship between broken homes of student’s school type and their academic performance.
Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of the study is to determine the effects of broken homes on the academic performance of secondary school students, specifically, the study will consider the effects of broken and the academic performance of secondary school students based on gender, location and school type of students.
Scope and Delimitation of the Study
This study is designed to investigate the effects of broken home on the academic performance of secondary school students in Warri North Local Government Area of Delta State, the study will however be limited to five (5) secondary schools in Warri North Local Government Area of Delta State.
Significance of the Study
The aim of the study is to find out the effects of broken home in the formal education of students in Warri North Local Government Area of Delta State, so that at the end, the society and the school will benefit from it, this is so because at the end of this finding, practicable solutions will be given to the teachers.
This study will help teachers to gain insight into understanding the students from various homes in a bid to proffer individual solutions to that problem of poor academic performance from the home point of view.
This study will also guide parents to be aware of their primary responsibility of making their homes conducive to enhance the academic progress of their children by providing not only the materials needed like modern houses, electrical gadgets, etc. but also the parental like and attention needed to complement the teaching at school to produce a well-grounded child who will be useful to himself, the parents and the society at large.
It will also serve as a reference point to other researchers who would wish to understand a similar topic at a more advanced level.
Operational Definition of Terms
The term and concepts that will be commonly used in this study is hereby defined operationally:
Marriage: marriage can be defined as the union of man and a woman to live together as husband and wife according to the standard acts in our custom, traditional, religion and law of the land.
Broken Home: broken home is as a result of family in crisis, where love has degenerated and characterised by insecurity, teenage rebellion, child abuse, violence and total lost of happiness.
Academic Performance: academic performance is a term used for students so as to identify early any student whose performance is likely to lead to academic failure.