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THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF GSM ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE

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[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF GSM ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE
[icon type=”icon-book”]: Chapter 1 – 5
[icon type=”icon-book-open”]: 74 Pages
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This study, THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF GSM ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF GSM ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

This research work aimed to know, the effect of the use of GSM on senior secondary students’ academic performance. The sampling for the study was based on five selected secondary schools, it presents the result from a questionnaire survey of a sample of 400 students, and representatives of 80 students were selected. A total number of 350 respondents were used to arrive at these findings, the result of the findings showed correlation between student’s use of GSM (Mobile phone) and their academic performance. The study equally revealed that there is no significant relationship between access to GSM (mobile phone) and student’s academic performance. Based on the findings the following recommendation was made that: Parents should make sure that they do not allow their wards to take their phones to school, also advise them to use their phones for academic related information, the school administration should strictly discourage the usage of GSM in school environment, there should be boundaries highlighted in the usage of mobile phones in other to enhance cognitive ability and to channel focus towards academic excellence.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE:INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Statement of the Problem

Objective of the study

Research Questions

Significance of the Study

Scope of the Study

Operational Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Theoretical Framework

2.2     Theoretical Review                                                                         

2.2.1  Concept of GSM

2.2.2 Effect of GSM Usage

2.2.3 Component of Mobile Phone

2.2.4 Concept of Academic Performance

2.2.5 Factors Affecting Academic Performance

2.2.6 Effect of Phone Usage on Academic Performance

2.3 Empirical Review

CHAPTER THREE:  METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design

3.2 Population

3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.4 Research Instrument

3.5 validity of Instrument

3.6 Reliability of instrument

3.7 Method of Data Collection

3.8 Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF RESULTS

4.1 Analysis of Research Question

4.2 Summary of the Findings

CHAPTERFIVE: DISSCUSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Discussion of Findings

5.2 Conclusion                                                                                  

5.3 Recommendations

5.4 suggestions for further studies

References

Appendix 1

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The use of technology is a global imperative due to its contributions to human existence and has enhanced the socio economic relations globally. Wireless communication has emerged as one of the fastest diffusing media on the planet, fuelling an emergent “mobile youth culture” (Castells,Fernandez-Ardevol, Qiu, & Sey, 2007). Thus, increased popularity of cell and smart phones in recent years has attracted research attention. Cell phones are seen as a mixed blessing. Teens say phones make their lives safer and more convenient. Yet they also cite new tensions connected to cell phone use (Pew Research Center, 2010).

Cell phones, and the broader array of digital mobile devices, pose unique communication challenges for both users and those with whom they interact. Some critics argue that texting and other digital communication behavior potentially diminish key social skills like effective listening. As one commentator noted, ‘‘we think of phones as a communication tool, but the truth is they may be just the opposite’’ (Skenazy, 2009). Other views suggest that people are adapting to new communication norms in an increasingly digital world, learning to quickly attend to, process, and respond to multiple and sometimes simultaneous messages (Davidson, 2011). Given the many possible ways that digital communication tools will continue to influence practices of teaching and learning (Schuck & Aubusson, 2010), instructional communication scholars should enact programmatic research to understand how these tools impact classroom communication and subsequent learning outcomes.

As cell phones have become more available, they are increasingly owned and used by teens. Further, as handsets become more loaded with capabilities ranging from video recording and sharing, to music playing and internet access, teens and young adults have an ever-increasing repertoire of use. Indeed, we are moving into an era when mobile devices are not just for talking and texting, but can also access the internet and all it has to offer (Pew Research Center, 2010).The cell phone is one of the most rapidly growing new technologies in the world (Rebello, 2010). In 2001, cell phone users were less than a billion worldwide with the majority of the users from the developed countries. By the end of 2010, however, cell phone subscriptions had reached five billion worldwide with subscriptions from developing countries outnumbering that of the developed countries (Kelly, 2009; Rebello 2010).Obviously; this increase includes a sharp increase in the number of cell phones used by the younger generations.

In modern classrooms, instructors face many challenges as they compete for students’ attention among a variety of communication stimuli. Rapid growth of mobile computing, including smart phones and tablets, presents a double-edged problem, along with previously unimaginable access to information come previously unforeseen distractions. Of wide concern to many instructors is the potential distraction caused by students using their mobile devices to text, play games, check Facebook, tweet, or engage in other activities available to them in a rapidly evolving digital terrain. That concern has potential merit; recent statistics from the Pew Foundation show that the median number of daily texts for older teens rose from 60 in 2009 to 100 in 2011 (Lenhart, 2012). Moreover, 64% of teens who own cell phones have texted during class, even in schools where cell phones are technically banned (Lenhart, Ling, Campbell, & Purcell, 2010). Those texts potentially come at the expense of learning, as texting during class reduces students’ ability to self-regulate and give sustained attention to classroom tasks (Wei, Wang, &Klausner, 2012)

This area of interest was chosen because of the unregulated usage and over dependent attitude on these devices. Interestingly, this is obviously imperative as Geser, (2006) and Junco, Merson and Salter (2010) had observed that the youth have consistently displayed higher level of attachment to their cell phones which could serve as distractions to them because of the time channeled to the phones.

This study is using both theoretical and empirical knowledge to supply the reader with information to issues in the academic performance of students, using the secondary school student area of concentration. This study was carried out in order to make available the problems associated with students’ negative usage of cell phones, and how it can serve as precautionary measures towards achieving good academic result for student. Other objectives of this study are identifying and reducing prejudices through awareness and mobilization for positive change in the approaches towards the usage of internet enabled phones.

In an attempt to discuss about the issue of this topic on phones and its usage via the internet, personal observations has been seen among student using the phones for visiting social platform, such as the Facebook, Twitter, 2go,andinstant messengers (yahoo messengers, msn messengers and blackberry pinging instant messengers) during academic periods and off academic periods indicating that the internet phones have a strong effect on the students. Calling to mind the judicious gap which has been mended by technology, it should be noted that the usage of phones are not intended for negative purpose and influence; however, the attitude and time channeled towards these devices has enslaved the student, also making them addicts, such as a study by the University of Navarra affirms that young people between 15 and 19 admit being addicted to their cell phones (Naval et al., 2004). Also, British scientists noted that more and more people are getting addicted to their cell phones, causing stress and irritability (BBC,2006).

While specialists indicate that the abuse of the use of cell phones could be typified as ‘disorder of addiction that has to be stopped as soon as possible’ (Paniagua, 2005). Reawakening, to the recalcitrant mode of the student academic prowess in the academic ‘world ‘there is a need to address the students prerogative in the society which serves as issues in empowering them towards helping to the development of the society which also address the issue of gender equality, if we are looking towards positive changes in the society and development. Thus, without bringing the issues of mis-channelled time and energy towards things that hinder the development of the students in the society, their picture seen as “half baked” in most parts of the world will continue to thrive unabated, thus creating more chasm between taking up roles and jobs left by the aged and making the world a sustainable and a global village.

However, the role of students in the society cannot be over emphasized towards development through peace. For the sake of this paper, peace here is relative and attached to the arms of development in society. In this regards, peace emphasized according to Ibeanu, as cited in Best (2006) defines peace as not a condition but as a process. In other words, it is a dynamic socioeconomic process, rather than a condition; peace is a process involving activities that are directly or indirectly linked to increasing development and reducing conflict, both within specific and in the wider international community. To this assertion which students are seen as future leaders to pilot the affair of community and nations when they graduate and take up post in different works of life, the need to set their priorities right is fundamental

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Since the advent of social media sites in the 1990s, it is assumed in some quarters that the academic performance of students is facing a lot of neglect and challenges. There is a deviation, distraction and divided attention between social networking activities and their academic work. It is observed that students devote more attention to their phones than they do to their studies. Therefore, the question this study is out to answer is: how do mobile phones affect the academic performance of senior secondary student of Ijebu North Local Government in Ogun State.

1.3     Objective of the Study

The general objective of this study is to examine the effect of negative use of mobile phone on the academic performance of secondary school student in the selected schools of  Ijebu North Local Government Area in Ogun State. Specifically this research work intends to examine:

  • The level of their access to mobile phone.
  • To understand the behavior pattern of mobile phone usage among teens.
  • The most addictive GSM activities and applications among the student.
  • The various factors influencing the student to use mobile phones
  • Examine the effect of the internet enabled phone on the students’academic performance based on hour spent on phone compared to focus on study.
  • To suggest measures to proper usage of mobile phone among senior secondary school student.

1.4     Research Questions

  • What is the level of their access to phone?
  • Will student attitude towards GSM usage affect their academic performance
  • What the most addictive GSM activities and applications used among the student?
  • What are the factors influencing teenagers’ mobile phone usage?
  • How much time do they spend on the mobile phone activities and application and how it affects their academic performance?

1.5     Significance of Study

This research will provide valuable information and feedback to schools and colleges now struggling with an implementation policy regarding mobile phone use. The results of this study may assist college and school policy makers to consider taking action to ban the use of mobile phones. It will also help parent to advice their children on balancing the use of mobile phone and their academics

This study will also help researchers with more information on the Influence of mobile phone on the student’s academic performance. It will be relevant in assisting students in understanding the diversity of mobile phone. It will provide relevance material for students and other researchers undertaking similar research.

1.6     Scope of the Study

The essence of this research work is to primarily study the effect of negative use of mobile phones on the academic performance of students. The research intends to focus on secondary students of Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State. It is delimited to five secondary school (3 public and 2 private secondary schools).

This will reduce cost and avoid complexity that may arise as a result of having a very large population. But since in most cases the characteristics of students are generally similar, the research findings would be generalized to include all students of Ijebu North Local Government.

1.7     Operational Definition of Terms

  • Gsm: It stands for Global System for Mobile communication. It is a small portable handheld for communication which you can carry with you everywhere.
  • Secondary School Student: These are learners that attend schools for young people between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18.
  • Academic Performance: The level of students’ academic success in their various subjects.
Keywords: THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF GSM ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE



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