PROJECT TOPIC : IMPACT OF PEER ON INDECENT DRESSING AMONG DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS, ABRAKA
CHAPTERS: Chapter 1 – 5
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Keywords: peer group, indecent dressing
Background of the Study
Indecent appearance has come to characterised the dress pattern of many students on the campuses of higher learning in Nigeria. There is hardly any higher institution of learning that is not faced with this nauseating problem. There are different modes of dressing around the world reflecting the various available cultures. A particular mode of dressing can be used to identify a certain society as a people. But regrettably, in the present day society, dressing reflecting people’s cultural background and scriptural admonition have been thrown to the dogs. Thus, because of the variation in the diverse cultural modes of dressing, peers who feel or find out that their dressing habit is “out-of-place” are likely to be affected in terms of their dressing behaviour.
However, it is very common these days to see people of both sexes particularly young person, mostly students of higher institutions of learning dressing indecently and abnormally. These can be buttressed by such dresses that expose people’s bust, chest, abdominal parts, arm, buttocks, and other sensitive parts. This form of dressing is provocative (Olori, 2003).
Peer as a concept can be described as a person of the same age, status or ability as another specified person. On a second note, peer group is a community in which most of or all of the members have roughly the same characteristics such as age, class, education, merit, rank, standing or status.
Peer group relationship is effective and more objective when members share common features and characteristics such as;
ü Common interest
ü Belonging to the same age group
ü Sharing common values
ü Influencing of each other’s decision
ü Rendering assistance (this could be either financial or performing other tasks
ü Providing useful suggestions and advice to one another when in a challenging condition (Articlebase.com, 2011)
The advantages and disadvantages of peer relationship would be better emphasised on the basis of peer group classification. Hence, peer group can be either classified as:
- Positive peer group
- Negative peer group
Positive peer group is that sort of group that influence or gets people involved in things that they can feel good about and makes them feel good about themselves.
Negative peer group on the other hand, is that form of peer group that influence members badly because of the kind of pressure. This group usually do not think of the effect or consequences of their activities.
The advantages of peer group can therefore be summarised as:
Provision of a common ground and support system needed to make a healthy and successful relationship, enhances and develops a sense of trust and reliance between members, because members of a peer group are of the same age demographically, thy share same perspective on life, which is conducive to working together, they lack enhance understanding of one another’s behaviour and makes provision for better learning and development of skills.
The disadvantages of peer group include:
The risk of peer rejection which may lead to some bad feelings.
Peer pressure, which is the pressing of a member to influence other members to behave in a manner that is unacceptable to them.
Making of bad comments that makes people feel bad about themselves
Conformity to inappropriate and unsafe behaviour characteristics.
Peer group not withstanding is unnecessary in the performance of some functions such as; serving as a source of information to group individuals, teaching of gender roles, influencing peers of members, teaching unity and collective behaviour for enhancement of a better living.
Dressing as a Concept
Dressing can be described as an act of putting on clothes and usually a means of expressing our individuality. It can also be seen as an act of appearing in various kinds of apparel that one chooses to appear in. It involves choices of clothes of various colours, designs, texture, patterns as well as other accessories to suit one’s tastes.
Dressing is an important factor in the formation of character. This is so because clothes reflect one’s personality. They can tell what kind of a person one is. A well dressed person is much appreciated. This instils some form of self confidence and comportment. Modest clothing enhances your appearance and highlight one’s good qualities. Dressing could influence one’s character because it speaks a volume about the person and can affect self image as well as how other people will treat and look at them.
Dressing can be grouped or classified into/as:
- Traditional dressing
- Foreign dressing
- Western dressing which can either be formal or informal. These forms of dressing would be elucidated in the next chapter, as they constitute the bases for formulating the concept of “decent” and “indecent” dressing.
Indecent dressing as a concept can be defined as a state of being naked, a state of wearing no clothes or being half naked (A.S Horby, in Oxford Learner’s Dictionary, 2006). It is sometimes used to refer to wearing significantly less clothing than expected by the convention of a particular exposing the skin of intimate part of the body. This is more common with the female clothes as you will see them dress in transparent materials, mini-skirt that exposes their thighs, blouses that expose their breast and armpits and other irregular dresses that the scriptures has forbidden. On the other hand, young men/males appear in female outfits exemplified by earring and hair do.
The causes of indecent dressing among students can be traced to a number of forces such as fashion, value system, civilization and infiltration f western dresses, effect of media, peer pressure, family orientation and poor parentage (Omede and Odiba, 2000). Faddish dress, especially among students is an aspect of egocentrism, in that it expresses the desire for an audience. Nearly everyone likes to wear something new, not because an older garment has won out but simply because we want a change. At the same time, students do not want to look out of place, so they buy clothes that conform to some degree to the style worn by their peers and friends,
Consequently, Nwabuisi (2000) reported that wearing of these indecent clothes will result in sexual harassment as students, especially females, who put on dresses that exposes their bodies would be prone to rape and others sexual assaults, ritual killing, tendency to steal, poor performance in school, lying and so on . Indecent dressing would make some students trapped in an endless circle of changing their wardrobe. Thus make money meant for academic materials to be spent on clothes. Another effect of indecent dressing is that it could result in cult clashing with another due to harassment of their girlfriends. In additional, indecent dressing tends to portray a bad setting on the student and the institution of learning. The students dress in the higher institution has to a large extent, exhibited a bad impression.
The relationship between peers and indecent dressing cannot be over emphasised as it is ntural for everyone to belong, to feel connected with others and be with others who share studies, interests and circumstances. People choose friends who accept and like them and see them in a favourable light.
Adolescents and youths spend more time with their peers and without parental supervision. Thus, they develop identities of their own and accept the feelings, thoughts and actions of their peers. The influence of peers is of critical importance because opinions of peers usually carry more weight than any other force. This will however explain whya student would easily conform to peer members mode of dressing because every member would want to be adjudged the best. Little wonder why different dressing competitions reign among people of the same group.
Statement of the Problem
Indecent dressing among student in higher institution have become a culture to a point that people and students of higher institutions no longer see nudity as a physical assault. Students are noticed parading the streets and campuses in assorted seductive dresses exposing the sensual parts of their body.
Indecent dressing affects students in various ways. It gives room for many societal malaises like sexual promiscuity, rape, prostitution, spread of sexually transmitted diseases, armed robbery, cultism and occult activities. This however has turned the learning environment into an immoral ground because most of these indecent dressing allures students and even harass some lecturers.
This study therefore aims at finding out the degree to which peer influence contributes to indecent dressing in the university environment.
Purpose of the Study
The researcher choose to work on this because little research has been done on the cause, effect and solution of indecent dressing. Hence, this study tends to:
ü Examine the concept of peer group and how they affect individuals in relation to dressing
ü State clearly the carious forms and classification of dressing
ü Identify the types of indecent dressing among university students
ü Highlight and discuss the effect of indecent dressing of peers on campus
ü Suggest possible ways of minimising peer group impact on indecent mode of dressing on campus as well as correcting the mentality of students towards dressing.
As a guide to this study, the following research questions were generated:
- Is peer group a factor that influences students modest dressing?
- Do peer groups influence students to dress in an unsuitable manner?
- What effect does peer group have on indecent dressing?
- What is the relationship between peer group and provocative dressing?
- There is no relationship between peer group and modest dressing of students
- There is no relationship between peer group and unsuitable dressing
- There is no relationship in the effect of peer group and indecent dressing
- There is no relationship between peer group and provocative
Significant of the Study
The findings of this study will give some insights into the problem of immodest or indecent dressing mode of student in Delta State University campus Abraka. Also, the recommendation arrived at will provide some knowledge and understanding to the universities’ administrators, ministers of education and the general public about the proper, appropriate and decent forms of dressing in the Nigerian universities.
Scope and Delimitation
This research focus on peer group impact on indecent mode of dressing of students in Delta State University Abraka.
Operational Definition of Terms
Adjudged: to make a decision about someone based on the fact that are available
Anomalies: a thing or situation that is different fro what is normal or expected.
Apparel: clothing that is being worn for a formal occasion.
Conformity: a behaviour or action that follow the accepted rules of a society.
Demography: the changing number of birth or death in a community over a period of time.
Egocentrism: the act of thinking about oneself and not what others need or want
Faddish: the act of liking only some set of things to a point where others think it is treasonable.
Infiltration: to enter a place, organisation or country secretly in order to perform some illicit things.
Malaises: the problem affecting a particular situation or group that are difficult to explain or identify
Peer Pressure: body, organised or unorganised that actively seeks to promote its particular interest.
Provocative: definition of anything, intended to make people or something socially excited
Status: the social or profession position of somebody or something in relation to others.