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IMPACT OF THE USE OF SMART DEVICES ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

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[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: IMPACT OF THE USE OF SMART DEVICES ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
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This study, IMPACT OF THE USE OF SMART DEVICES ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: IMPACT OF THE USE OF SMART DEVICES ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The research was carried out on the topic – the impact of Impact of the use of smart devices on secondary school students academic performance (a case study of some selected secondary schools in Odeda Local Government). Sample and sampling techniques was use and one hundred questionnaires were given to the respondents through stratified selected sampling method. The research revealed that the popularity of use of smart devices increased rapidly. The research findings also revealed that a great number of student in secondary schools use nothing less than two social networking sites and applications which they equally that they use them in getting materials for assignment, marking friends, express their ideas and feelings and communicate on a common plate form. From the account given above, the following recommendation were made,School psychologists, teachers, school administrator and students should be sensitized on the influence of mobile phone usage on academic performance among secondary school students, seminar, conferences, workshops should be held on the influence mobile phone usage on academic performance among secondary school students irrespective of their age difference, gender and parent’s occupation and student should be sensitized and advice by the teachers, school psychologists, parents on the frequency or number of hour or time spent in mobile phone usage and it influence on academic performance.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE:     INTRODUCTION

Background of the study

Statement of the problem

Purpose of the study

Objectives of the Study

Research Question

Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1       Student use mobile devices to support student role

2.2       The convenience and utility of mobile devices in the classroom

2.3       The impact of Whatsapp Messenger Usage on Students Performance

in Secondary School

2.4       The Usage and impact Internet enable phones on academic

concentration among students performance

2.5       Definition of Social Media

2.6       Students and Use of Social Networking Sites

2.7       Academic Performance

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1       Introduction

3.2       Research design

3.3       Area of study

3.4       Population of the study

3.5       Sample a sampling techniques

3.6       Research Instrument

3.7       Validity of the instrument

3.8       Method of data collection

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1       Demographic information of the Respondents

CHAPTER FIVE                            

5.1       Summary

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Recommendation

References

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the study

Globalization has changed our lives and one of the ways in which it is changing our lives, everyday, is how we communicate; thanks to advancements in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). One of the ICT’s which is seeing rapid advancement is Mobile Phone. Mobile phone is popular since the late 1990s (Meek, 2006) and today, with 7 billion mobile connections worldwide and unique mobile subscriptions of over 3.5 billion (Twum, 2011), they are very popular with young people and are commonplace in our educational institutions. These phones are no more just voice communication tools. Functions like short message service (SMS) or texting have become global phenomenon. Not many of us keep wallet photos of loved ones. Now we save photos in our mobile phones, and view them on a touch of the screen.

Mobile phones have become an almost essential part of daily life since their rapid growth in popularity in the late 1990s, Ling (2004). A nationwide survey conducted in 2010 shows that mobile phones are the most necessary medium of communication for adolescents. It has virtually affected the society’s accessibility, security, safety and coordination of business and social activities and has hence become a part of culture of the whole world. Ling (2004), states that traditional agents of socialization are families and schools. With the expansion of educational system as a result of the need for highly skilled workers lead to the school system taking increasing larger responsibilities in socialization. Surprisingly, research on the influence of mobile phone on our schools today has not been given much attention. There is the conflicting priority of young people, parents and teachers in relation to the mobile phone device, with teachers more concerned about issues such as discipline in the classroom and parents worried about means of contacting their children at every point in time.

Ling (2004) discovered that the use of mobile phone in schools is problematic. As Ling and Helmerson (2000) states, the mobile phone is “at cross purpose with the mission of the school”. While in school students are supposed to take on their prescribed roles as students with full concentration on their studies and free from contact with the outside world. However, the

mobile phone gives room to blending students’ roles with other roles thus distracting and disrupting the students’ academic work (Gergen, 2002; Halpen,2003; &Franzini, 2002). In the past when fixed telephones were the norm in schools, there were minimum distractions and disruptions but presently with the invasion of mobile phone and the eagerness of parents to maintain contact with their wards, the device is becoming part of the classroom. Thus, the mobile phone has the power to undermine the schools’ authority and weaken their control over students as well as affects their level of academic performances.

The recent technological advancements, the innovation of computer and other discoveries in the field of information technology bring about the introduction of the mobile phone and its multi functions ranging from voice calls, messaging, data use, multimedia, games (both online and offline) and other social media services(Jackson, Zhao, Kolenic, Fityerald,Herold,&Venoye, 2008). The mobile phone is used as means of interactions among people in which they create, share, and exchange information and ideas in virtual communities and networks(Blumstock& Eagle, 2010). It also uses a group of Internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundations of Web 2.0 that allows the creation and exchange of user-generated contents(Mayer&Mereno, 2003).

Furthermore, the mobile phone is used for storing different contents on the micro SD cards or the phones’ internal memory (Meek, 2006).Over the past decade, technology has become increasingly important in the lives of adolescents. As a group, adolescents are heavy users of newer electronic communication forms such as instant messaging, e-mail, browsing, uploading and downloading, games and text messaging, as well as communication-oriented Internet sites such as blogs, social networking, and other sites for sharing photos, videos and ideas, all of which is as a result of the mobile phone.

Internet access has exposed many adolescents to different kinds of contents. Just of recent, the availability of different kinds of affordable and inexpensive android mobile phones made it very easy for the adolescents to have access to different types of social media and pornographic sites where they access, download, exchange and watch pornographic films of different sexual orientations from all over the world. The situation is worsened by the ignorance and carefree attitudes of parents who are mostly oblivious of and careless about these adolescents’ needs and challenges. Also, guidance and counseling services are either absent or inactive in most schools and the school teachers are not helping the situation (Taylor & Harper 2003). Most youths of today are highly influenced and so much affected by what they watch on these social media sites over the internet that one can easily see the consequences in their academic performance and life styles. The continuous downwards spiraling in academic performance, the rise in cases of drop-outs, the increase in most of the unacceptable, immoral, and antisocial behaviors perpetrated by students in secondary schools today, which include truancy, massive failures, exam malpractices, improper dress codes, indiscriminate sexual relationships with opposite as well as same sex and most violent behaviors, can mainly be attributed to the influence of the mobile phone. It was against this background that the researcher is conducting this study to investigate how the mobile phone usage influences their academic performance.

Furthermore, Abdul Karim and Oyefolahan (2009), investigates the appropriation of wireless phone technologies by building on the technology appropriation theories. To understand the patterns of wireless phone use through the concept of appropriation, their study looks into the choice of mobile phone use through various attractors, the purposes of MP use and the extent of use of various MP applications and features by the targeted users.

1.2       Statement of the problem

Mobile phone has gained immeasurable ground in the lives of students all over the world. Mobile phone is a common sight today in our schools as you see students going to school/class with some of the most expensive and sophisticated mobile phones, tablets and ipads that has all the applications, facilities and software that can connect them to the internet and all forms of social media platforms, other web sites and so on, where they chat, access, stream, download, upload, exchange and play different kinds of media contents, which most often, are pornographic in nature(Olofuniyi,Fashiku&Owombo, 2012). The portability and memory capacity of some of these gadgets made it easier for them to keep materials for viewing whenever and where ever it seems conducive for them. The use of security PINs and Passwords on these mobile phones makes these contents secured from the scrutiny and prying eyes of parents and teachers.

As a result of that, most of the mobile phones in the hands of these adolescents contain one form of pornographic content or the other(McGuigan, 2005).Evidence has shown from West African Examination Council WAEC 2014 in Ogun State that most students fail English Language and Mathematics (WAEC Chief Examiner report, 2014). This may be partly attributed to high usage of Mobile Phone telecommunication gadgets. Instead of concentrating on their classroom work, they gave more emphasis to the use of the mobile phone in their classes, dormitory and even on the football field. This may be partly attributed to poor teaching methods, lack of teaching materials, lack of supervision by the parents and the teachers etc,and this may affect the students’ performance or achievement in school. The mobile phone usage pattern of most of these students, during and after school hours, such as their level of engagement in free night calls, chatting, instant messaging, social networking and exam malpractices etc. is greatly influencing their academic performance. It was against this background that this study sought to investigate the impact of the use Smart devices on secondary school students academic performance (A case study of some selected secondary schools in Odeda Local Government).

1.3       Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the use of smart devices on secondary school students academic performances (A case study of some selected secondary schools in Odeda Local Government).

1.4       Objectives of the study

The study intends to achieve the following objectives to:

  1. Find out the impact of smart devices usage on secondary school students academic performances.
  2. Determine the impact of mobile phone usage on secondary school students academic performances
  3. Find out the influence of smart devices usage on academic performance among senior secondary school students of different parent’s occupation.
  4. Determine the influence of the frequency of mobile phone usage on academic performance among male and female senior secondary school students.

1.5       Research Questions

This study will be guided by the following questions:

  1. What is the impact of mobile phone usage on academic performance among male and female senior secondary school students?
  2. What is the influence of mobile phone usage on academic performance among senior secondary school students of different age groups?
  3. What is the influence of mobile phone usage on academic performance among senior secondary school students from different parent’s occupation?
  4. What is the influence of the frequency of mobile phone usage on academic performance among male and female senior secondary school students?

1.6       Definition of Terms

Smart Device:A smart device is an electronic device, generally connected to other devices or networks via different wireless protocols such as Bluetooth, NFC, Wi-Fi, 3G, etc.

Secondary School: the federally designed, graduation-separated classification of grades 9-12 (approximately ages 14-18), regardless of whether they are compiled

together in one school or separate from the other grades

Academic: Belonging to an academy or other higher institution of learning; also a scholarly society or organization. Belonging to the school or philosophy of Plato as, the academic sect or philosophy.

Performance: The act of performing; carrying into execution or action; execution achievement; accomplishment representation by action. That which is performed or accomplied; a thing done or carried through; an achievement; a deed; an act; a feat; especially, an action of an elaborate or public character.

Keywords: IMPACT OF THE USE OF SMART DEVICES ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE


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