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INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL STATUS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL STATUS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS
[icon type=”icon-book”]: Chapter 1 – 5
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[icon type=”icon-doc-line”]: Ms Word format

This study, INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL STATUS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL STATUS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The research study examined the influence of parental status on academic performance of students in both primary and secondary schools. The people perception on parental status as a vital tool that influence academic performance taking cognizance of selected primary and secondary school students in Ado-Odo/Ota as a case study.

The respondents of the study included one hundred (100) students drawn from six selected schools in Ota (both primary and secondary) questionnaire was the major instrument used to obtain information from the population sample. Descriptive statistics in form of simple percentage and frequency counts were used for analyzing the collected data.

The outcome of the research findings shown that 95% of the respondents agreed parental status has influence on academic performance of students while 5% of the respondents disagreed. Based on the outcome of the findings.

The study recommended that parents should be provided with orientation or training programs that would enhance the academic performance of their children as well as the government establishing Learning Resource Centre in each district of Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government where both parents and students will be receiving lectures on education system of Nigeria.
CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Our society is blessed with people of different status and background. Many of these people are parents blessed with children attending various institution of learning for the acquisition of knowledge which would bring about positive change to their lives and the environment or society where they live. The social background of every family in the society affects the educational opportunity of their children. The kind of education, the perception of the impact of education on the future careers are all determined by the social status of the family.

Not all the children who are capable of benefiting from educational opportunity are fortunate to do so because of the implication of the lower status of some families. They cannot afford exorbitant expenses associated with formal education. Hence, children from the higher social class are likely to receive better education than their lower stratified counterpart. The idea of fee-paying primary and secondary schools have widened the gap among these various classes of people  more than before nevertheless, education has become one of the important means through which individuals move from one social class to another in the society.

For the purpose of our study, it can be concluded that education forms the bedrock of our human and spiritual experience from the inception of our birth (cradle) to the time of one’s death (grave). This include all the knowledge and training acquire either consciously or unconsciously as an infant to the physical transition to the great beyond. Education Constitute life.

Aim of Education – Education aims at developing a desirable state of mind of individual. A noticeable positive change in an individual way of life, personality traits and reasoning faculties should occur. The changes must be a worthwhile achievement which is to be linked with the societal expectations where such education is given. Aim of education must be both immediate and distant in nature.

In Nigeria’s philosophy of education, it is believed that education is an instrument for national development. The philosophy is therefore based on:

(a)        The development of the individual into a sound and effective citizen.

(b)        The full integration of the individual into the community.

(c)        The provision of equal access to educational opportunities for all citizens    of the   country at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels both inside and outside the      formal school setting.

It must be noted here that the said philosophy can never here that the said philosophy can never come to realization with the exception of the first learning institution of a child which is the ‘HOME’. The home consists of one’s immediate family members i.e. ‘PARENTS’.

The problem of valuable education to the child is where the parents could not influence the child educationally and socially. It is very essential therefore, that good ideas must be set for the child follow at home

The home is the child’s first school, therefore, parents should understand the art of bringing up their children in the most desirable way. Feeding, toilet training and good health habit should be properly taken up by the home. The family plays the significant roles in the transition of individual into a cultural person since it nurtured from an early stage, the educational, recreational, affectionate and religious studies of the child.

We can identify many agencies that play roles in influencing the education of the child. They include the home/family, school, religious organization social clubs, peer group, political parties and the government.

A curious consideration of the agencies largely would show that the child gain a lot in his sociological and educational development as a result of his membership.

The home/family whether nuclear or extended is an important agency of education to the child who receives the first opportunity to learn from his environment. The family comprises the following group and these will be examined here briefly in the development of the child’s education.

  1. The peer group: This comprises of the people of the same age.
  2. Others that make definite contribution are the play group and its semi-primary include the Boys Scouts, Girls Guide and other social clubs.

The family is a group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood or adoption constituting a single household interacting with one another in their respective special position. They share, create and maintain a common culture.

The play group is also very important as an agent of socialization in education of a child since children see it as a means of learning to adjust and to operate. Through it, the child becomes socialized. The child has, from here, the opportunity of knowing the world to interact with and act as a member of a play group. What he learns here will be reflected in his behaviour both at home and in the school. He learn to make comparison between his home and the group, he follows or leads in the group. The child however needs to be guided in the choice of his play group. Through the play group, the child learns to sympathize and curb his aggressive emotions and learns to lead and be led. He learns various rules and regulations. Children should be encouraged to come together by joining the Boys Brigade, Scout Movement, Girls Guides and other social clubs. These lead gradually to age grade in the adolescent and adult life periods.
1.2     STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

This research is to identify the influence of parental status on academic performance of pupils and students of both primary and secondary schools in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government Area of Ogun State.

Are there enough educated parents in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government? Since most of the parents are involved in smuggling activities around the boarder areas. Their occupation does not permit them to take care of their children’s education properly. Some parents are illiterate, divorce, polygamous and some are dealing with penury. Some parents have the believe that going to school is not compulsory. Compare to situation of things in the country, a learned that has gone to school could not get good job. The learned and the apprentice are on the verge of trying to get a means of livelihood. So, some of our parents in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government Area prefer their children going into smuggling, learning apprentices like tailoring, cobbling, carpentry, bricklaying, mechanic, etc.

Personal attitudes of most parents does not encourage education, interest, duality, religion and culture. Most of these parents spend more on burial ceremony and traditional festival.

Political activity made society prepares its young for adult life. Education and politics are inextricably linked and it is not possible to discuss education without considering the political environment.

The economics crisis was little concern among the general populace with problems in education so long as there remained full employment.

The curriculum had changed in many comprehensive schools; critics saw the traditional subjects and their content being diluted into themes are topic. History, Geography and Religious education often combined with aspects sociology to form social studies or integrated humanities.

There is no tertiary institutions in Ota which happens to be the seat of the Local Government. The only technical school at Igbesa is not well equipped. Though the technical school was upgraded to Polytechnic but can it cater for the educational success of the people of the Local Government Area?

Greater diversity would stimulate competition and force existing state schools to change more quickly.
1.3     HYPOTHESIS

The study sought to answer the following questions:

  1. What are the attitudes of parents toward the education of their children?
  2. Doe the parents have interest in educating their children?
  3. Does the occupation of the parents allow them to take care of the children after the school?
  4. Is the environment conducive for children to learn?
  5. Is there any library in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government primary schools not to talk of secondary schools? Compared to other Local Government in Ogun State such as Abeokuta South and North Local Government?
  6. What is the least qualification of parents in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government Area?
  7. What motivation do the children get from their parents and vis-à-vis?
  8. How does penury influence academic performance of the students?
  9. How has polygamous influences the academic performances of students?
  10. How has the medical status of parents influence the academic performance of students?

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PROBLEM

The study is to identify the influence of parental status on academic performance of pupils of primary schools and students of secondary schools in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government Area of Ogun State.

Furthermore, the study will show how economic meltdown influence the academic performance of the students. It will also provide u with useful and appropriate information on how polygamous, divorce, penury, illiteracy, illegibility and dual home had influence the academic performance of students and also suggest less expensive ways of sending children to school in order to have sound education. The findings will also be useful to teachers, principals, politicians, educationists as well as the government as regard to influence of parental status on academic performances of students in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government Area of Ogun State.
1.5     DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The research project is designed to focus on their influence of parental status on the academic performances of pupils and students in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government. The study is to cover three (3) selected primary schools and 3 selected secondary schools in Ota, namely;

Primary Schools

Gift Model School, Ahmadiyah, Ota.

Local Govern Primary School 1 (O.D.C),Otun.

Ans-ar-deen Practising Schoo, Ota.

Secondary Schools

Iganmode Grammar School, Ota.

Michael High School, Ota.

Ans-ar-deen Comprehensive High School.

The study will help individual parents, teachers educationists and the government to educate parents on how to contribute to the progress of their children’s education.

It will enable the researcher to make a positive recommendation on how parents should put their resources, interest, motivation to encourage he performance of their children’s education/academics. The study will also serve as reference materials to our successors in the department materials to our successors in the department of social science. Lastly, it will minimize or eradicate the bad impressions of individual parents against the academic performance of children in both primary and secondary schools in Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government Area of Ogun State.

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

Education: Is the totality of the training and instructions an individual receives at home, in the school and within the societies.

Divorce: Is the legal ending to a marriage.

Penury: The state of being poor.

Parent: Biological mother or father of oneself.

Influence: The power to effect the development or behaviour of one without using direct force or orders.

Status: The official legal position or condition of a person, group or country.

Academic: Relating to education, especially study in schools and universities.

Duality: Is the state of having tow aspects or parts.

Illegible: Impossible to read.

Polygamous: Practise of having more than one wife at a time.

Illiterate: Someone who has not learned to read or write.

Society: A group of people who are united by social relations.

Culture: The beliefs, way of life, art and customs that are shared and accepted by people of a particular society.

Keywords: INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL STATUS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN BOTH PRIMARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS


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