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ISSUES OF THUGGERY AND HOOLIGANISM IN NIGERIAN POLITICS

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: ISSUES OF THUGGERY AND HOOLIGANISM IN NIGERIAN POLITICS
[icon type=”icon-book”]: Chapter 1 – 5
[icon type=”icon-basket”]: #3, 000
[icon type=”icon-doc-line”]: Ms Word format

This study, ISSUES OF THUGGERY AND HOOLIGANISM IN NIGERIAN POLITICS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: ISSUES OF THUGGERY AND HOOLIGANISM IN NIGERIAN POLITICS


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

Over the years, the activities of thugs have been legimatized and powerfully backed by the political class and unfortunately in Nigeria, most of these thugs have metamorphosed to Boko Haram and the others. This study is, therefore meant to examine the implications of political thuggery and Hooliganism in Nigerian Elections. To achieve the above, MuritalaSule’s “WETIE” was used as a case study.Using WETIE is considered suitable in this regard. The data analysis was based on the playtext, qualitatively. The work however concludes that poverty, high rate of employment, high rate of illiteracy among the youth and families having more children that cannot be catered for by their income are responsible for increasing number of thugs in the state. As a result of these, children have no good education, no proper home training, and no food to eat and even shelter. These conditions they found themselves make them more vulnerable to be cured as thugs to rig election, to kill and to engage in other social vices in the society. Similarly, thuggery in Nigeria especially in Maiduguri city has caused mass exodus of people out of Maiduguri to look for safe places because of the fear of death. It has also created fear among community members, lack of trust and psychological instability. The study recommended among others that Nigerian Government should employ the services of external team consist of people like Nelson Mandela to go round the country to score politicians for the positions of president, Governors, State and National Assembly members on the basis of what they have done for their people. Similarly, election campaigns should be prohibited in Nigeria and National Assembly should pass a law prohibiting second term for all elective positions.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0.      Introduction

1.1       Background of the study

1.2       Statement of the problem

1.3       Purpose of the study

1.4       Scope of the study

1.5       Significance of the study.

1.6       Research Methodology

1.7       Limitation of the study

CHAPTER TWO

2.0       Literature Review

2.1       Meaning of Study

2.2       Election

2.3       Types of Electoral voting system

2.4       Functions of Elections in Democratic Governance

2.5       Thuggery

2.6       Political Thuggery and Hooliganism

2.7       Nature and Patterns of Political Thuggery and Hooliganism in Nigeria

2.8       Causes of Political Thuggery and Hooliganism

2.8.1    Financial Gains

2.8.2    Money Politics

2.8.3    Poverty and Unemployment

2.8.4    Unpopular Candidates.

2.8.5    The Role of Security Agents.

2.9       Defination of Terms

CHAPTER THREE

3.0       Research Methodology

3.1       About the Playwright

3.2       Genre of the Play

3.3       Summary of the play

3.4       Plot Account of the play

3.5       Character Analysis

3.5.1    BabajideAjasa

3.5.2    Karikasa

3.5.3    Prince

3.5.4    Iya Bola

3.5.5    AlhajaBintu

3.5.6    Chief BashiruAbati

3.5.7    Olu Johnson

3.5.8    Cameraman

3.5.9    Ajani Terror.

3.5.10  Ronke

3.5.11  IyaIta

3.5.12  Bola

3.6       Setting

3.6.1    Geographical Setting

3.6.2    Social Setting

3.7       Theme of the Play

3.7.1    Greed

3.7.2    Corruption

3.7.3    Poverty

3.7.4    Thuggery

3.7.5    Hooliganism

3.7.6    Violence

3.8       Plot Account of the Play

3.9       Language Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0       Data Analysis

4.1       Effects of Thuggery and Hooliganism in Nigerian Politics

4.1.1    Issues of Thuggery and Hooliganism

4.1.2    Causes

4.1.3    The Way Forward

4.2       Sociology of the Play

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0       Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendation

5.1       Summary

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Recommendations

References

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND OF TH E STUDY

Political thuggery and electoral manipulations have become so prevalent in democratic dispensations in Nigeria. The social, political and economic powers of those involved have made it both national and international concern. These categories of people who possess these powers are the ruling elite or the potential ruling elite and their activities have been institutionalized to the point of subverting the constitution for their selfish and economic gains.

Subscribingto this assertion, Gboyega (2004) observed that political godfathers are by design placed above the laws of the land including the constitution. They and their thugs can carry arms without hindrance. They are entitled to police escorts and are immune to the crime of abduction, harassment and maiming, most of these thugs are recruited and trained for various political purposes such as intimidation, harassment, violence, assassination, rigging etc. some of them are placed on regular salaries, with allowances accompanying their remuneration. Similarly, some of them are employed as special advisers, special assistants and personal assistants while those who do not fit in for the aforementioned positions are made contractors to the government at Federal, State or local Government Areas.

Most of these thugs were used to rig elections in 1999,2003,2007 and 2011 general elections in Nigeria, especially in Borno State, where most of the elections were monitored and conducted by political thugs under the cover of INEC’S ad-hoc staff. In fact, the officers who were officially assigned to do the job were overpowered by these political thugs through pointing out gun to them, causing crisis and violence in the voting venues. These thus forced electorates to vote against their wishes forced electorates to vote against their wishes.

The party representatives at the polling booths were threatened to compromise, and INEC officials were forced to change election results in favour of a particular party. Masses who want to participate in politics found it very difficult to penetrate the electoral environment because of money politics.

Therefore, rather than being democratized, the Nigerian state has largely been militarized by the struggle for powered amongst the various contending groups in the polity. The civil disturbances, rise of ethnic militias and politically motivated killings of opponent are pointers to increasing militarism of the Nigeria state, which has further affected socio-economic and political development of the state. These thugs have several names in different places such as in Lagos we have Oduduwa people’s congress (OPC) or popularly the Are boys, in the Niger Delta we have Egbesu boys, in Calabar we have Bakassi Boys, Bauchi has Sara-suka (cut and stab), Yankalare in Gombe, Yandaba (Jungle boys) in Kano and Ecomog in Borno. The current development in Maiduguri city has revealed that most of these thugs have metamorphosed to Boko Haram and their activities have reached an alarming level which is compromising socio-economic and political development in the State.

Keywords: ISSUES OF THUGGERY AND HOOLIGANISM IN NIGERIAN POLITICS


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