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JUSTIFICATION FOR AND THE ABOLITION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT UNDER HUMAN RIGHTS LAW

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: JUSTIFICATION FOR AND THE ABOLITION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT UNDER HUMAN RIGHTS LAW
[icon type=”icon-book”]: Chapter 1 – 5
[icon type=”icon-book-open”]: 110 Pages
[icon type=”icon-basket”]: #3, 000
[icon type=”icon-doc-line”]: Ms Word format

This study,JUSTIFICATION FOR AND THE ABOLITION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT UNDER HUMAN RIGHTS LAW contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords:JUSTIFICATION FOR AND THE ABOLITION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT UNDER HUMAN RIGHTS LAW


RESEARCH BODY

ABSTRACT

The legal infliction of death as a penalty for violating criminal law has been in existence from time immemorial, people have been put to death for various forms of wrong doings and methods of execution have included crucifixion, stoning, drowning, burning at stake, impaling and beheading. Today capital punishment is typically accomplished by lethal gas or injection, electrocution, hanging or shooting.
The human right proponents see death penalties as a violation of the right to life and human dignity as such countries that are becoming more democratic are eager to abolish it. The trend in most industrialized nations has been to first stop executing prisoners and then substitute long terms of imprisonment for death as the most severe of criminal penalties, about 90 nation have abolished death penalties and an almost equal number of nations, (most of which are developing countries in which Nigeria is included) have retained it.

This thesis considers the argument for and against death penalty in relation to human rights, the argument against this concept goes beyond the Human Right Parlance, as there are other arguments like; the propensity to condemn and execute innocent citizens, the non-deterrent effect of capital punishment, the arbitrary use of the concept against the poor, the discriminately application of the concept on the basis of race, and the lesser argument that proclaims that capital punishment is cruel and inhuman. All these argument have not been reckoned with by anti-abolitionist, as some of them have come up with other modes of executions that they believe are more humane and less cruel, the sole aim of this is to kill the argument of cruel and inhuman treatment
The retributive nature of the human race would rather love that a murderer be necessarily paid back in His own coin, this is believed to be the anti-abolitionist main reason for insisting on the retention of death penalty. If the cost of executing an innocent person and abolishing the concept of death penalty is compared, it would be discovered that, it is more beneficial to abolish the use of death penalty than to lose valuable citizens to wrongful executions. Moreover, countries that have substituted life sentence for death penalty are not worse off than countries that have retained it.

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.0      INTRODUCTION

1.1       OBJECTIVES OF STUDY

1.2       SCOPE OF STUDY

1.3       METHODOLOGY

1.4       LITERATURE REVIEW

1.5      DEFINITION OF TERMS

1.6      CONCLUSION

CHAPTER TWO

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT AND HUMAN RIGHT LAW

2.0      INTRODUCTION

2.1      PUNISHMENT

2.1.1   FORMS OF PUNISHMENT

2.1.2  COMPENSATION

2.1.3  INCARCERATION

2.1.4  CORPORAL PUNISHMENT

2.1.5  BANISHMENT

2.1.6  CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

2.1.7  OTHER APPROACHES

2.2    HISTORICAL FRAMEWORK OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

2.2.1  MODES OF EXECUTION

2.2.2  CRUCIFIXION

2.2.3  STONING

2.2.4  HANGING

2.2.5  SHOOTING OR FIRING SQUAD

2.2.6  GAS CHAMBER OR LETHAL GAS MODE OF EXECUTION

2.2.7  ELECTROCUTION

2.3    WORLD WIDE ANALYSIS OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

2.4    HISTORY OF HUMAN RIGHTS

2.5     CAPITAL PUNISHMENT AND RIGHT TO LIFE

2.6.    CAPITAL PUNISHMENT AND RIGHT TO HUMAN DIGNITY

2.7     CONCLUSION

CHAPTER THREE

JUSTIFICATIONS FOR CAPITAL PUNISHMENT AND ITS ABOLITION

3.0     INTRODUCTION

3.1     JUSTIFICATIONS FOR CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

3.1.1   JUST PUNISHMENT

3.1.2  DETERRENCE

3.1.3  INCAPACITATION

3.2    ABOLITION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

3.2.1  PROPENSITY TO CONDEMN INNOCENT DEFENDANTS

3.2.2  DISCRIMINATLY APPLICATION ON THE BASIS OF RACE

3.2.3  ARBITRARY APPLICATION AGAINST THE POOR

3.2.4  COMPARING COST TO BENEFITS

3.3     FLAWS IN ARGUMENTS FOR ABOLITION

3.3.1  RACIAL BIAS

3.3.2  RISK TO THE INNOCENT

3.4.0  FLAWS IN THE ARGUMENTS FOR CAPITAL PUNISHMENT

3.4.1   CONCLUSION

CHAPTER FOUR

A COMPARISON OF THE NIGERIAN CAPITAL PUNISHMENT TO THAT OF OTHER SELECTED COUNTRIES

4.0    INTRODUCTION

4.1    THE NIGERIAN AND U.S.A CAPITAL PUNISHMENT COMPARED

4.2    THE NIGERIAN AND AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL PUNISHMENT COMPARED

4.3    NIGERIAN AND SOUTH AFRICAN CAPITAL PUNISHMENT COMPARED

4.4   CONCLUSION

CHAPTER FIVE

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.0    CONCLUSION

5.1    RECOMMENDATIONS

BIBLIOGRAPHY

ARTICLES IN JOURNALS

ARTICLES ON THE INTERNET

BOOKS

CHAPTERS IN BOOKS

Keywords: JUSTIFICATION FOR AND THE ABOLITION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT UNDER HUMAN RIGHTS LAW



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