This study, PEER GROUP AND PARENTAL BACKGROUND INFLUENCE ON STUDENT CHOICE OF CAREER contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.
This study investigated the influence of peer group and parental background on student’s choice of career. Descriptive research methodology was used stratified random sampling technique was also adopted to select about five schools in one local Government, areas in Ogun State (Abeokuta south local government area). Questionnaire was adopted to collect data. The data collected was analyzed using simple percentage. The funding of this study revealed that peer group could either positively or negatively influence on the student choice of career. This research recommends that parent and teachers should provide adequate guidance to adolescent to help them understand how the friends they keep can either positively or negatively influence their academic performance in school or influence in other choice of career.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1.4 Research Question
1.5 Significance of the Study
1.6 Scope of the Study
1.7 Definition of Terms
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Definition of Career
2.2 Meaning of Career Choice
2.3 Types of Career
2.4 Peer Group Influence
2.5 Education as a Value
2.6 The Influence of Parent on their Children Life
2.7 How Parent Influence their Children Education
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.3 Research Instrument
3.4 Validity of the Research Instrument
3.5 Administration and Collection of Data
3.6 Techniques of Data Analysis
4.0 Analysis of Data
4.1 Summary of the Distribution of Questionnaire
4.2 Discussion of Finding
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In recent times, there has been growing interest in the interrelationship between career choice, peer group and parental influence. More importantly the focus has been on the factors that tend to move an individual towards a career. The achievement of children as they grow up has always been a matter of intense interest to parents. The young adolescent in school is expected to set high aspirations for him or herself and to work towards the achievement of those goals. Moreover, children are made to become aware of the prestige that goes along with successful career choice.
Education economic incentives, peer group influence and powerful influence are sometimes used as pressure to induce the young adolescent into predetermined careers, regardless of the potentials, actual needs and ego of the child. The glamour associated with some careers often turn out to be an illusion. Empirical findings have confirmed to a greater extent, the impact of the family in which a person lives and the family goals and objectives on his/her choice of career. Trost and Levin (2000) opined that the family influences the behavior or character of a child. Tella (2003) also found that parents play an invaluable role in laying the found that parents play an invaluable role in laying the foundation of their children’s career.
In the same light Wikelund (2006) pointed out that the more intensively parents are involved in children’s learning, the more beneficial are the achievement effects. Thus it is assumed that when parents monitor homework, encourage participation in extra curricula activities, are active in parent’s teachers’ associations and help children develop plans for their future, such children are likely to respond positively in academics activities. Alika and EgboChuku (2009) found that parental influence exerts a lot of influence on the educational attainment of the adolescent especially the socio-economic status of parents. The authors further reported that when the girl child drops out of school the possibility of re-entry into school is enhanced if the adolescent girl comes from the high socio-economic status family. Ryan (2005) reported that academic performance is positively correlated to having parents who enforce rules at home.
On the other hands Oyebode (2005) noted that irrespective of parental educational level and support, children choose jobs that are highly rated in the society. Eckeman and Didow (1988) observed that cooperative interactions between peers begin in toddler hood and that the most frequent were acts that imitated the actions of the peer models, which continues all through childhood and adolescence. Wentzel (2004) observed that associating with friends that serves as academic and social resources could have a direct and positive influence on achievement outcomes at school. According to him, peers may have a less influential role than parents on influencing adolescents career choice.
The young adolescent who enters school is encouraged to set high aspirations for him or herself and to work to achieve these aspirations. Peer group and parental influence are sources of pressures which induce the young adolescent into pre-determined occupations, sometimes with little or no considerations on the potentials, actual needs and ego of the child. Career choices are decisions that should be carefully made because it affects the entire life of the individual; hence it is necessary that a study such as thus should be carried out in order to study the relationship between peer group, parent influence and career choice in humanities among secondary schools student in Ogun state.
While it is argued that parents do influence their children’s lives, it is likely that the further youngster are removed from parental proximity, the less likely it is that they will be moulded by the benevolent influence of father or mother. And so, by default, when there is an expanded distance between parents and children, the latter are more likely to shaped by the impact of their peers, if the young ones must be guided towards a better occupation in this regard. It is then timely to investigate, the relationship between peer group and parental influence on career choice in humanities among secondary school students in Ogun state. The question then is: to what extent do parents and peer influence career choice in humanities among secondary school students. This finding is consistent with finding of Oyebode (2003) which showed that irrespective of parental influence children choose jobs that are highly rated in the society. This could be as a result of globalization and the fact that children are now properly exposed to information technology, where on their own they can explore the internet to find out more about the world of work. Moreover it has been observed that children are now more assertive and independent minded.
Peer influence on behavior graduallyfind out more about the world of work. Moreover it has been observed that children are now more assertive and independent minded.
Peer influence on behavior gradually becomes more dominant. Harris (2002) and Rowe (2000) maintained that peer group have an ever and Rowe (2000) maintained that peer group have an ever stronger influence than that of parents although that extreme position stronger influence than that of parents although that extreme position has been refuted by other researchers. (Berk 2005) The peer group serves as a barometer for students examining themselves and their feelings about self and family on their choice of career. Peer influenced their mate by introducing or asking themselves on what their ambition is, and perhaps a student that doesn’t know his or her choice of career can be influenced by their peer in others to go for their mate ambitions for example a student a student that choose to science department and he/she loves his/her friend will definitely follow what his/her friend applied for by confusing.
The career choice that student make is a decision that is influenced not only by their development but also by the context in which they live (Chem 2004). The study extended the understanding of the impact that families and communities that are passive in assisting students in making a career decision and implementing plans of action have upon students long-term occupational outcome. In these communities, a context of uncertainly and the appearance of non-support prevailed, which led to students to postpone career decision making and ultimately not to aspire to challenging vocational choices. This finding points to the importance of extending career educational efforts beyond students to families and community.
Besides, Nigeria as a developing country where appropriate human resources are at a premium, the influenced of student occupational interest and their behavior, their maximal development and utilization becomes a career of primary importance. Infact, there are a number of factors that influence the choice of career among students, such factors include, family background, academic performance, prestige and monetary pespects, peer group influence and the intrinsic values within the students.
Also, students mobility to perform well can be influenced by his/her pemer. Some Nigerian businessmen want their children to study business administration in the universities so that such children will be well equipped so as to be in charge of their parents business enterprise whether student are good in subject relevant to study of business administration or not.
In support of this Joe De Graft son and daughter is an example that parent forceful influence or their child choice of career. Parents should decrease their involvement in student career selection so as to let the student achieve their aims and objective on their ambition.
The National Policy on Education (2006) is also designed to meet this line of development of Nigeria, However, Observation and students, e.g Civic Education, History, Animal Husbandry e.t.c have so far revealed that students interest, enrolment and performance in subjects have remained very poor over the year.
A peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people. Peer group may be defined as a group of people who share similarities such as age, background, and social status. The members of this group are likely to influence the person behaviours and beliefs. Peer groups contain hoerroe, hires and distinct patterns of behavior. The group provides the standard of behavior in form of rules and regulation, dos and don’ts attitudes and opinions to be obeyed and upheld by every member of the group. Among peers, children learn to form relationship on their own and home the chance to discuss interest that adults may not share with children, such as clothing and popular music, or may not permit, such as drug and sex.
However, JR Harris (2002) suggest that an individual’s peer group significantly influences their intellectual and personal development several longitudinal studies support the conjectures that peer groups significantly affect scholastic achievement, but relatively few students have examined the effect peer group have on test of cognitive ability. More so, to attain one’s goal in life is not an easy task, it involves a rigorousprocess of decision making, advice and counseling. It is against this background that the choice of subjects for the senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE) by students is based on the relevance of the subjects to his or her future career, and in most case based on the wishes of peer group and parents.
One of the goals of education is that of helping the individual not only to fit into the society properly but also, help to develop the mind of the individual to understand his environment and bring about natural consciousness in the life of the individual. Apart from this general aims of education, secondary education is meant to prepare the child for life in the presence of rapid technological and computer age. In this present age of western education, which has brought with his knowledge explosion, the society has become complex, to the extent that senior secondary school student have become exposed to the problem of choosing from a number of subjects to qualify for the course of their choice in the university. The choice of the subject is very important because, whatever choice that is made can affect the rest of the student either positively or negatively.
According to Durojaiya and Olayinka (2003) most of the time students make unrealistic choices, as such choices are based on encouragement, peer group influence, prestige, occupational value and sex in the light of the above, it is therefore important for the students to be properly guided in their choice students to be properly guided in their choice of career. This will help the student to choose the courses in which they have aptitude. Presently, Nigeria as a country is unable to provide employment for all her graduates. This is a very long problem because ability to gown employment is the ultimate goal of formal education this problem may have been due to lack of proper students guidance from the lack of guidance and counseling service in the secondary school. Where they are present their activities are not felt, l. Where they are present their activities are not felt, as experts are not employed to handle the units.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
This study is designed to find the influence of parental background, peer group and career of students choice in Abeokuta South Local Government Area of Ogun state.
Considering the number of student that end up studying at the secondary school level one is prompt to ask.
- Does the peer groups attitude have any significant influence on students choice of career (studying)
- What are the effects of family background on students attitude to study.
- Does the teacher attitude and guidance counseling service home any significant influence on students attitude to studying all these and more are to be investigated in this study.
1.3 PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this research work is to achieve the following objective
- Examine the concept and nature of peer group influence and parental influence.
- Discuss the effect of peer group influence and parental background influence on academic choice of career (performance)
- Discuss the challenges associated with parental background influence.
- Find out the peer group influence on choice of career.
- Investigate the parental influence on student choice of career.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
For the purpose of this study the following research question are formulated.
- Is peer group and parental background influence student mentality on their choice of career?
- The relevant of peer group influence on students choice of career
- Does peer group influence develop character in student?
- What extent has peer group influence helped students in their choice of career?
- What are the effects of peer group influenced of students choice of career.
- Does parental background helped student in choosing career.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is important for several reasons first, the finding will help students to choose their peer with f caution.
Second, it will provide comprehensive information for counselors, educators, and parents on how they can assist their ward or children to deal with peer pressure.
Thirdly, this research work will lead to further in depth studying on influences of peer pressure on students choice of career.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research work focuses on the peer group and parental background influence on students choice of career. This research work covers students in some selected senior secondary schools in Ogun state using one Local Government Area (Abeokuta South Local Government).
- ST JOHN ANGLICAN HIGH SCHOOL KUTO, ABEOKUTA
- AFRICAN CHURCH GRAMMAR SCHOOL ITA-EKO ABEOKUTA
- ABEOKUTA GRAMMAR SHOOL IDI-ABA ABEOKUTA
- REVEREND KUTI MEMORIAL GRAMMAR SCHOOL N.U.D
- ASERO HIGH SCHOOL ASERO ABEOKUTA.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
The following words and terms are defined for clarity
- Career: A way of making a livelihood and advancing one’s self through life.
- Peergroup: Close friends of the same age classmates of the same interest or a group formed by persons of equal merits of quality.
- Peerinfluence: This can be described as the pressure feel from their peers.
- Academic performance: refers to the intellectual ability of an individual when it come to academic or education.
- Choice: An option a decision, an opportunity to choose or select something or anything that can be chosen.
- Student: A person who studies a particular academic subject or A person serous by devoted to some subject, whether academic or not.
Keywords: PEER GROUP AND PARENTAL BACKGROUND INFLUENCE ON STUDENT CHOICE OF CAREER
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