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PERCEIVED EFFECT OF PARENTAL DIVORCE ON CHILD BEHAVIOR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE

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[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: PERCEIVED EFFECT OF PARENTAL DIVORCE ON CHILD BEHAVIOR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE
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Keywords: PERCEIVED EFFECT OF PARENTAL DIVORCE ON CHILD BEHAVIOR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE


RESEARCH BODY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the study

The family is the child’s first place of contact with the world. The child as a result, acquires initial education and socialization from parents and other significant persons in the family. Agulana (2000) pointed out that the family lays the psychological, moral, and spiritual foundation in the overall development of the child. Structurally, family/homes are either broken or intact. A broken home in this context is one that is not structurally intact, as a result of divorce, separation, death of one of parent and illegitimacy. In view of Frazer (2004), home condition arise from illegitimacy of the children, the label of adopted child, broken homes, divorce and parental deprivation such  abnormal condition of the home are likely to have a detrimental effect on the school performance of the child he asserts.

Divorces or separation often leaves parents angry with each other and as Richards (1993) reported, these children sometimes suffers a loss economically which limits, among other things, their abilities to perform well in their academic works and which also transform them into a truant in the community or society. A child who experiences parental separation by death, divorce or mutual consent to separate, undergoes a great deal of pain, confusion and anger. This may destabilize the child the child and may cause the child to rebel. According to Quinlan (2003), it is difficult for a child to realize that two people who love themselves do not love each other again. Most children could not comprehend the complexity of strains that led to the rapture of marital love. Fraser (2003) contends that performance and behaviour of children living with a single parent is below that of children living with the two parents. He observed that children who lives with a parent especially a divorced one, usually feels unsecured, always attention seeking and anxious that his/her education may be seriously hindered or disrupted through these feelings and at the end it would affect the child’s total behaviour. It has been statistically proven that children in single parents home fare worse than those with two parents (States News Service, 2005). It has been established that family structure contributes to five characteristics of a child’s well-being. These include lower birth rates and higher death rates among infants when there is just one parent. Frazer (2010) affirmed that children between 15-17 years of age that are in school and in good health are much lower from single parent families than from two parents. Also, that the number of children from single parent families becoming pregnant at these ages are increasing. Pong (1998) further explained that there are also signs that children who have gone through divorce have problems in schools, depressions and emotional stress. He believes that problems like this may not emanate from the fact that they do not like the parents that raised them, but can be linked to other things related to single parenthood.

Divorce is legal dissolution of marriage bond. Once the couple decides to divorce, they are free to remarry again. In Nigeria, there has been the increase in the rate of divorce. There are two factors influencing the rising divorce rates in the Nigeria. The first factor is both men and women are relying less on one another for economic survival. As women gain status in their work place or on their businesses, they often want to stand on their own and prefer to control their lives’ affair which enabling them to be less dependent on their husbands, the heads of household. Women who are gainfully employed and self-sufficient may be more willing to dissolve a marriage because they are not perceived as a financially dependent spouse. Financial stability allows for the female head of household to have more flexibility to exit a broken marriage. Secondly, when both male and female parents gain political status in the society, one seems to be superior over the over due to political gain. They seem not have chance to look after the family, especially the female ones which more likelihood be the victims of divorce. In Nigeria, the existence of single-parenthood was unknown and where they existed they are ignored as exceptional cases. However, nowadays, they are fast growing family patterns both inside and outside Nigeria. In Nigeria, among Yoruba’s, the parental roles are culturally determined and distributed. The maternal roles are that of child-rearing, home training and playing of complimentary roles, while the paternal roles are that of economic responsibilities and disciplines of children. The child is morally, mentally upright and emotionally balances when the caring responsibilities are carried out by both parents.

Academic performance is the seen as the knowledge attained or skills, shown in the school subject. To indicate such achievement, test scores or marks are assigned by the teachers. It is the school evaluation of the classroom work on the basis of the grades awarded. Academic performance according to Akinboye(2004) is of two types i.e positive and negative (poor) performance. Habits, family background, perseverance, attitudes, interest all these affect academic achievement in school. He concluded that if these variables are modified and attitude changed positively, then the level of individuals’ academic performance would improve.

1.2 Statement of the problem

Divorce is a common phenomenon which has attracted global attention. Government and non- governmental organizations have played vital roles in the elimination of this menace because of the psychological and social problems which make the adolescents to exhibit strange and unguided behaviours. For obvious reasons children see divorce as very traumatic experience. It affects them in all ramifications. Divorce impacts the youngster’s behaviour in the school environment, peer group and even in the society at large. The family structure is altered and thus affected. Many divorces are emotional and can even draw the children into the conflict between the parents. Adolescents facing problems of family dissolution have more difficult time with academic and social expectations at schools, among peers and the society than children from conflict free families. The emotional aspect of divorce which affects adolescents includes the feelings of anxiety, depression, inferiority complex, guilt and sometimes aggression. Parental interaction has a better effect on child behavior than the divorce. In other words, the negative outcome of divorce may increase pre- existing differences in the family unit prior to the divorce itself. With a number of children in divorced homes, how has been the impact of divorce on academic performance of students from divorced homes in the era of continuous lamentation of poor performance of students in national examinations? The researcher is, therefore, motivated to ask the question. How do social dynamics like divorce affect the academic performance of school children? It is against this backdrop that this research sought to determine the effects of parental divorce on child’s behavior and academic performance of senior secondary school.

1.3 Objectives of the study

The objective of the study is to examine the effect of parental divorce on child behavior and academic performance in secondary school in Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State.The specific objectives are as follows:

  1. Toassess the effect of parental divorce on academic performance of students.
  2. To examine the psychological effect of parental divorce on child behavior
  3. To find out the level of academic performance of student before and after their parent divorce.
  4. To find out how parental divorce affect student performance in continuous assessment.
  5. To find out the effect of parental divorce on child behavior.

1.4 Research question

Based on the stated objectives, the study sought answers to the following research questions:

  1. To what extent does divorce affect the academic performance of the affected students?
  2. What is the psychological effect of parental divorce on the child behavior?
  3. What is the level of academic performance of the student before and after their parents had a divorce?
  4. How does parental divorce affect student performance in continuous assessment?
  5. What are the effects of parental divorce on child behavior?

1.5Research hypotheses

Ho1: There is no significant psychological effect of parental divorce on childbehaviour.

Ho2: There is no significant difference between the behaviour of male and female students from single-parent home and those living with both parents.

H03: There is no significant relationship between parental divorce and academic performance of children

H04: There is no significant relationship between child behaviour and academic performance of children

1.6 Significance of the study

The result of this study may be of immense benefits to the public and private individuals, government, parents, religious leaders, school counselors, students, teachers, school management and researchers.

The findings of the study may be of great help to the public and private individual as it will expose the ugly and negative effect of divorce on children generally and secondary schools students in particular which will serves as a caution to couples to avoid divorce by all means.

The result of the study may help the government to know the negative impact of divorce on children that are member of the society and future leaders. It will then motivate the government to establish a law or policy against divorce in order to have sound disciplined citizens.

The result of the study may also help teacher and the school management to study and understand the coping strategies to apply to the solution of the effects of divorce on the affected students’ academic performance.

The findings of the study may help the religious leaders and school counselors to identify the characteristics of children from divorced family (parents) and then devise the best way to mold behavior to suit and be acceptable by the society they belong.

The study may help the researcher to understand the negatives effect of divorce on children. It may motivate them to study and carry out research on other aspect of divorce there by creating strong awareness of the negative effect of divorce on the society as a whole.

Lastly, the findings of the study may help to educate the students of the divorced parents about the need for them to report their problems to other family members and social welfare officers for assistance, instead of indulging in anti-social behavior.

1.7 scope of the study

The main focus of this research study is to examine the effect of parental divorce on child behavior and academic performance in secondary school in Ijebu North Local Government Area of Ogun State

1.8 Definitions of terms

  1. Family: This refers to a group of people related by blood marriage or adoption.
  2. Parent:This refers to the legal guardians of the child; they have the right to his or her custody and the duty to support him/her.
  3. Divorce:This is a legal or illegal way of dissolving a marriage between two people.
  4. Academic performance:This refers to how well a student is accomplishing his or  her tasks and studies

Keywords: PERCEIVED EFFECT OF PARENTAL DIVORCE ON CHILD BEHAVIOR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE


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Keywords: PERCEIVED EFFECT OF PARENTAL DIVORCE ON CHILD BEHAVIOR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN IJEBU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OGUN STATE

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