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This study investigated the relationship between family background and academic performance among students in Obafemi Owode Government Area in Ogun State. In carrying out this study four research question were asked to provided direction. Fifty participants were randomly chosen as the sample for the study. The collected data were treated statistically using simple percentage. The result of data analysis indicated that students of high background had better academic performance than students of low-income background. It is recommended that all effort must be made and all avenue exploited to raise the standard of living of citizens in the country.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background to the Study
Statement of the Study
Purpose of Study
Significance of Study
Scope of the Study
Limitation of the Study
Definition of Term
2.1 Literature Review
3.1 Research Method
3.2 Research Sampling
3.3 Research Instrument/Validity
3.4 Methods/Source of Data Collection
4.1 Analysis of Data and Results
1.1 Background of the Study
Socio-economic background of any person simply means the level of affluence (wealth) that will make him to render affective home service, which is educating the children and their financial support and so no Ezewu 1993).
Socio-economic background of the family always relate with the academic performance and the success of the student.
Jakubbowski and Debo (2002) found out that socio-economic background was positively related to academic performance of student. Matine (1996) identified the importance of parental influence on academic performance of children. This meant that there could be link between family background and academic performance of student.
Agulanna and Nwachuku (2001) confirmed that students’ socio-economic background is likely to have a significant effect on the attitudes and behaviours of children in schools. All these are indications that parents educational socio and economic background may likely effect the academic performance of students in their studies.
In most cases, most of the students that performed brilliantly well must have received some motivation from their parent.
Also, Mod’dNazih (1984) also observed that rich family environment is when a child is exposed to a good and conducive atmosphere. This is a family of well to do people. The high income and part of medium income groups fall within this category, they have influence in thesociety and have all the opportunity to assist their children to achievable height of successful academic performance. As far as one would agrees, there are still some family who are well to do financially okay, but whose children do not still do well academically.
Also family type may determine the academic performance of the student especially in polygamous family, if the income of the family is less than the people in the family, this may affect the academic performance of the children in such family.
Also, some family are financially buoyant but academically bankrupt.Some of the children that perform well in schools were verbally interview and the outcomes is that there are a lot of infrastructure in their homes which made them to do so. The infrastructure may not have being provided if not due to the social learning of the family as well their high economic background backed up with enough assistance.
Also, most of such family are still able to employ the services of private teachers who conduct coaching classes for their children after school hours in addition, to the earlier mentioned infrastructure provided for private education of children some children of the rich family have been known to be sent overseas for better education in a better environment and most of them have been known to do well academically due to in which they fund themselves. This was made possible because of the socio-economic background of the family they belong to, not many family are able to offered this type of step.
Even, Ezewu (1992) observed that low income and some medium earners breed more children without considering the little amount they are earning. This turn relate with the educational output of their children in terms of their academic performance.
However, some of the people in this group are exceptionally good about unfortunately the condition they found themselves are not conducive to learning. Most of the people in the group see their economic background as a barrier to train their children educational line but vocational jobs to sustain the existence of the family and reimburse the purse.
Most children belonging to low income and some of the medium income groups are not socially and morally catered for example their mode of dressing is nothing to write about. In schools, most of the children look wretched and un-catered for they wear uniforms, no sandals and even so students come to school barefooted.
Definitely, this bring relationship between social-economic background and academic performance of the children education to below.
But for the high income family the social outlook of the children are well; catered for and this encourage the children to have more interest in their academic performances
1.2 Statement of the Study
The statement of the problem relate to the poor academic performance of the student in schools due to the lack of high income of the family background.
More so, the problem of infrastructure materials and lack of motivation from the family background cannot be forgotten. Even some family are financially buoyant but their children those not performed well in their studies
1.3 Purpose of Study
The study is designed to investigate the extent to which socio-economic background is related to the academic performance among students.
To examine the relationship between family type as a variable and its possible consequences among students performances
1.4 Research Question
- How does the family background relate to the academic performance of the student?
- What relationship exist between family type and the academic achievement of the student?
- Are there any relationship between family type towards socio-economic background of the student?
- Despite family background what can be done to uplift the academic performance of the student?
1.5 Significance of Study
It is the hop of the researchers that after completing the study, it will be of immense help to those people who have been striving hard to know more about the relationship between the socio-economic background, family type and academic performance of the students.
Significantly the beneficiaries of this research work will include the parents, student and other researchers students.
1.6 Scope of the Study
The study was carried out within Ogun State in Nigeria and covers mainly the relationship between socio-economic background, family type and academic performance of the students.
1.7 Limitation of the Study
Some of the problems that hinder the research are shortage of time, textbook and financially problem. It is also possible that people that interviewed on the topic may be biased in their Judgement thus rendering the expected outcome subjective.
1.8 Definition of Term
The following key words are used in the study are hereby defined.
Socio-economic background:-it is the social position or class of an individual as regards the dress or influence of his family.
Family type:- it is family background of the student i.e the type of family which student belong to.
Academic performance:- it is the studding performance of students test or result and comment of students intelligence after being examined.
Keywords: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FAMILY BACKGROUND AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG STUDENT
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