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This project is aimed at finding out the relevance of teaching and learning sexuality education in Nigeria schools selecting some secondary schools in Ewekoro local government area of Ogun State.The concept of sexuality education,the relevance, who to handle the course and the enviable qualities that are expected to be possessed by the teachers who are to teach the course in schools and the effect it has on students, if the course is not introduced in the curriculum, will be highlighted in chapter one and two.The main research instrument used for the data collection was questionnaire, which has administered to teachers, students of selected secondary schools and parents.Five research questions were formulated to focus the researcher attention on certain issues, based on the analysis of the data collected; the survey revealed that the awareness of sexuality education would not cause juvenile delinquency and dropout from school. That, it should be taught to boys and girls separately and it should be taught that sex education will help to reduce the rate of fatherless babies in which the society will greatly benefit from. It was also discovered that sexuality education will not cause poor academic performance among students instead, it make student becomes responsible. The researcher finally discovered that sexuality education is highly needed in secondary schools. After a thorough research, finding in this topic, the researcher concluded that parent, teachers, religion leaders and the government should work hand in hand to help the school students out of this situation.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significant of The Study
Scope of the Study
Limitation of the Study
1.8 Operational Definition of Terms
2.1 Concept of Sexuality Education
2.1.1 Definitions of Sexuality Education
2.2 The Need for Sexuality Education in Secondary Schools.
Impact of Sexuality Education
Reduced Sexual Activity
Objectives of Learning Sexuality Education
2.5 Ways at Which Sexuality Education is Taught and by whom
2.5.2 Qualities of the Teachers or Educators
2.5.3 The guidelines For Comprehensive Sexuality Education
Health Care Providers
2.5.5 Digital Media
2.6 Importance of Sex Education to Learners
2.7 Effectives of Sexuality Education to the Learners
3.0 Methodology Preamble
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Area of the Study
3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques
3.5 Instrument for Data Collection
3.6 Validity Research Instrument
4.0 Result and Data Analysis
4.1 Analysis of the Questionnaire Items
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recondition
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Looking of all the problems facing the human race in the world today, that of rapid population growth is a major one. All over the world, medical science have succeed in reducing the deaths of infants and children especially in advance countries such as United State of America (USA) Britain, France etc also in Nigeria there is increase in population especially in the present situation where polygamy is the order of the day in many homes.
Nigeria as a country is facing overpopulation problem and high rate of mortality between our youth. Hence it is necessary to establish a basic for the introduction of sexuality education (sex education) techniques to the people, sexuality education will certain minimizes this type of social problems. Sexuality education is one of the major factor determinants of future stability in families of any nation. It is comprehensive and systematic development programmed extending from infants to maturity. It is planned and directed to produced social and moral desirable sexual attitude, practices and behavior. Sloan et al .
In a society where boy and girls admitted into the same school create problem of physical problem and emotional involvement which eventually results in arousing sexuality. This anxiety created in them; make the jump into this game of uncontrollable emotion. Correct and relevant information should be given to student or teenagers about the changes and development they observe in their bodies during the period of maturity. The girls develop breast and pelvic bone broaden etc. these start about age of twelve (12) years while the boys sexual organs matures, their chest widen and their larynx enlarges. This period in teenagers is very crucial in the life of an individual and many frustrations may occur during this stage such as school dropout sexual, immorality, juvenile delinquencies to mention a few.
Gone are those days when sexual matter was hidden from children. They are expected to be given information about sex so as to break through the desire in them so that they will not go astray.Sex drive can lead to sexual Immorality which can result to unwanted pregnancy. Most unmarried teenagers who have babies are carried away by sexual feelings and emotional desire. This can lead to abortion, sexually transmitted diseases and so on.
Religious group and taboo to the general of the society consider intercourse between two person who are not married wrong. It can result to unwanted child, physiological problem for the year involved.The need for the teaching and learning bob sexuality education in secondary school in Ewekoro local government Area cannot be overemphasized. This is because of the influx of people from different ethnic groups in the locality. Ewekoro local government Area has not only increases in population and also in size. The need to actualize these sexual feelings becomes the evident when a students are among themselves. But the forceful preventive warning of the parents only saves them temporary check on sexual tendencies amongst these youth. With the children sent to secondary schools and no true knowledge of sexuality education, a lot of problem easily comes into play as the students jump this game of uncontrolled emotion. As a place for the dissemination of knowledge, secondary schools become the local point for introduction of sex education, since present generation involves itself in promiscuity and corruption; there is need for a lot to be taught what sexual relationship is. With this, a lot of changes will occur in the life’s of the students parents and community at large.
According to Calder wood and Sloan (2003) the world war II marked the liberation of many attitudes about sex as well as the beginning of change in behavior, leading individual all over the world to advocate for children. The child study association of American in the 1920s led the way towards an open approach to all topics including sex education. Through more emphasis was placed on reproduction education since then, the concept has enlarged.
Today sexuality education encompassed a wide range of biological, sociological knowledge. Today there is the awareness of the need for sex education in schools, churches and other institution of the growing concern over pregnancy, abortion, venereal disease, increased promiscuity, wide spread martial and sexual difficulties.
Calder wood and Sloan (2003) both agree that traditionally, parent were chiefly responsible for the sexuality education of their children community agencies and religion bodies later joined the team but theses group of people were inadequate. Finally sexuality education became integrated in schools since they could reach the largest segment of the population as well as teaching sex education more objection teacher are being trained in the higher institution of learning all over the world in order to teach sexuality education.
Moreover, the knowledge of sexuality education will reduce threat of sexuality which would have resulted from illegal procurement of abortion by quack doctors, presently, sex education programmed have been integrated into several secondary schools education program. Therefore sex education should be given to children at any development stage because the foundation laid in the early life of the children will determine then stability and quality of their married life.
Indeed sexuality education does not mean instructing children in sexual techniques or act, rather it entails giving the necessary facts or knowledge about sex and encouraging questions and discussions. Sexuality education should be given to teenager through their parents (at home), teachers (school), counselor and educators. It should also be introduced into secondary schools for teenagers of both sexes with this introduction alone, a lot of changes will occur in the life of the students, parent and the community at large.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem resulting from the lack of sexuality education to our youth is numerous. They are unwanted pregnancies, increase in abortion high incoherence of sexual transmitted disease and high rate of sexually promiscuity. All these have led to population. Consequently, the education opportunity of Nigeria youth is behavioral scientist, the introduction of sexuality education is proper, despite the increasing sexual problems parent and schools are still not providing teenagers with proper knowledge of sexuality education.
This study intends to emphasize the needs for the introduction of sexuality education into secondary schools and also to investigate, if sexuality education has positive or negative effect on students this study also tries to find out the problems facing the teaching of sexuality education such as:
- Who should teach sexuality education?
- Where should sexuality education be taught?
- At what age should sexuality education be taught?
- Under what circumstances and the need for it to be introduced into the curriculum.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to know the relevance of sexuality education as a course in the school curriculum. The study also aim at finding out how sexual problem influence student. It would also education the student to know that sexual relationship is an implication of sex promiscuity.
The purpose for this study is to know and the positive and negative effect it has on students. It is also aimed at knowing the benefit it had on students and the society at large . It is also to seek and find out the various ways in which the teaching of sexuality education can be taught who to teach it and the goals to be achieved from teaching sexuality education and to whom it should be taught.
Also to know that the introduction of this course will not make students become dropout and juvenile delinquency.
- SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
This study will add to knowledge especially when the study is on sexuality education with the highlighting of this study,it opens the eyes of the education administration and the curriculum planners to know the importance of sexuality education as a course to be introduced with the curriculum so as to enlighten the teenagers and the society at large.
This study will also be an advantages to the teachers and counselors to developed more interest and skills in teaching sexuality education including the parents, it will also encourage the effort of the federal empowerment agencies, NGOs and projects such as the vision project and the African Regional sexuality Resources Center housed under the action health incorporated in Nigeria in raising awareness about adolescent health issues.
- RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research question that are required for the purpose of the study include the following:
- Is sexuality education relevant as a course to be taught in education?
- Are there trained personnel to handle the course?
- Of what benefits is sexuality education to the students and the society at large?
- What effect will the introduction of this course have
On the moral behavior of the students?
- Will the introduction of this course make students become juvenile and dropout from schools?
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
A study like this embarrass all areas but all that scope cannot be covered therefore, three(3) secondary schools in Ewekoro local government area of OgunState and a sample of teacher in the selected schools and parents. The below are the names of the selected schools
- Community Comprehensive High School
- Adeoye Memory High School.
- Newbridge Academy Group of School.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Sexuality education is very broad topic. It is necessary for everybody not just student or education or adolescents however, this is limited to the teaching and learning of sexuality education in secondary school.
- OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
Sex: A fundamental driving force in relationship between the biological needs to produce culture and influence.
Abortion: Process of terminating pregnancy.
Education: This is the act of acquiring knowledge, skills and attitude that intends to produce a positive result. It’s a process of changing the behavior of a person.
Learning: An act of accumulating knowledge.
Promiscuity: In disseminate sexual relationship that occur outside marriage life.
Pelvic: Hip bones
Sexuality: This is concern with or interest in sexual activity, which is characterized or distinguished by sex.
SexualityEducation: This comprises of the knowledge of male and female anatomy or part of the body basic process of human reproduction and development, sexual intercourse, consequence and responsibility, contraceptive or pregnancy prevention and where or how to get counseling.
S.T.D: Sexuality transmitted diseases. Diseases contracted through sexual intercourse e.g. Hiv/Aids.
Sexual Relationship: These also has something to do with having canal knowledge of both sex fir each other.
Sex Organ: structure responsible for reproduction e.g. penis in male and vaginal is female.
Teaching: This is the act of impacting knowledge, skill, attitude, morals in order to be useful in the society.
Teenager: This is the stage of development in human being between 10-17years.
Youth: The period of existence preceding maturity or age, the whole early part of the life from childhood or sometimes from infancy to manhood.
Keywords: RELEVANCE OF TEACHING AND LEARNING SEXUALITY EDUCATION IN NIGERIAN SCHOOLS
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