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Keywords:THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS TO THE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT SECTOR IN NIGERIA
It could be affirmative said that the index for measuring any growing economy’s technological advancement is the extent to which its industries both the large and small scale has been growing over time.
It’s a fact that none of these industries can grow without the required financial assistance from financial institution.
Industrialist had in recent times subscribed to discriminate behavior of the Nigeria commercial banks towards granting of finance as one of the reasons that militate against the growth of industries in Nigeria.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Statement of hypothesis
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Research question
1.7 Scope and limitation
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Theoretical literature
2.2 Empirical literature
CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Model specification
3.1.1 Regression model
3.2 Method of estimation
3.3 Method of evaluation
3.4 Sources of data
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS RESULT
4.1 Presentation of Result
4.2 Evaluation of Result
- 2 .1 Economic theoretical test
- 3 Statistical test of Significance
4.4 Policy implementation of the study
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, POLICY RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
- 1 Summary of the finding
5 .2 Policy Recommendation
5 .3 Conclusion
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The practice of banking and financing in Nigeria is culturally rooted and dates back several centuries ago. In the 1940s, the traditional financial institutions provide access to credit for rural and urban low- income earners. They are mainly of the Informal Self Help Groups (SHGS) or Rotating Savings and Credit Associations (ROSCAs) types. The informal financial institutions generally have limited outreach due primarily to paucity of loanable funds. In order to enhance the flow of financial services to Nigerians, government has in the past, initiated a series of publicly financed micro credit programmes and policies targeted at productivity enhancement.
Notable among such programmes were the Rural Banking Programme, Sectoral Allocation of Credits, the Agricultural credit Guarantee Scheme (ACGS) etc. Other institutional arrangement were the establishment of the Nigerian Agricultural and co-operative Bank limited (NACB), the National Directorate of Employment (NDE), the People Bank of Nigeria (PBN), the Community Banks (CBs) and the family Economic Advancement Programme (FEAP) all aimed at improving the economic growth of the nation.
Year 2005 was remarkable in the history of Nigerian Banking Industry. The consolidation exercise Initiated by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on July 2004 came to head on December 31, 2003 with 14 banks unable to meet the #25 billion recapitalization requirement. The apex bank revoked the licenses of the 14 banks. Meanwhile, the 25 banks that successfully met the #25 billion minimum capital requirements represent 93.5% of the total deposits of the 89 banks that existed in country reconsolidation. In the process, about #406 billion was raised from the capital market while an inflow of 652 million was generated from outside the economy.
In order to lower industry cost of funds, the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) was reduced by 6% points from 11% to 5% with the difference expected to be invested by banks in special Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) instrument with a tenure of 91days at 3% coupon rate. Furthermore, a 1- year treasury bill was introduced on July 1, 2005 with a view to restructuring the deposit profile of the federal Government. Similarly, in order to reduce inequality pressure, reverse inflationary trend and encourage long tenured investment, the 182 days non. Discountable bill was introduced.
Commercial Banks are involved in the process of increasing the wealth of the economy, particularly the capital goods needed for raising productivity. In developing countries like Nigeria, income is very low and that as such low level investment can be made, if possible without requiring a long period effort at saving. Financial intermediaries have a vital role to play here, in raising both the savings and investment to the level necessary to achieve a self sustained growth.
In manpower development, Banks contribute highly in training staff and development through both local and foreign facilitation. In order to strengthen our work force and take advantage of emerging market opportunities, Banks also recruit various professionals with broad industry knowledge and hands- on experience.
In financing the economy, the bank has aligned its financial intervention in the economy with a clear understanding of high impact character of government’s privatization and deregulation program. The search made for the most efficient and effective domestic lending portfolio has meant that commercial Banks have led the financing of private investment in industrial development in the economy.
The financial institutions are therefore capable of influencing the major savings factors namely; ability, willingness or saving propensities and opportunities. The need to achieve sustained industrial growth within any economy can be possible amidst strong financial institution and precisely within the existence such that are tailored to work in accordance with government policies and program in a bid to attaining the desired macro-economic objectives of a nation. Banks as components of financial sector consist of the apex i.e Central Bank, Commercial Banks, Development Banks, Merchant Banks and Specialized banks.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Evidently, an important avenue for banks to boost the growth of the industrial sector of the economy is through efficient and effective saving investment process which ought to stimulate investment and productive activities. For the past three decades, the Nigerian economy has not shown any favorable sign of growth. for example, the real G N P growth rate figures was 2.8% in 1995 with negative figures in year like 1982 with 0.3% etc (as depicted in the C B N periodic bulletin 1986)
From this background we are therefore poised to answer the burning questions like.
(1) In what extent does commercial bank as a financial intermediate contribute towards funds mobilization for industrial growth and development of the country.
(2) Is there any relationship between commercial banks financial industrial development growth in Nigeria
(3) What are the problems commercial banks encounter in their performance towards mobilization of fund for industrial development growth.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective of this research work are stated as follows
- To determine the role of commercial banks towards a positive industrial growth and development.
- To identify and analyze the constraints and short comings facing commercial banks in Nigeria towards fund mobilization for industrial growth and development
- To examine ways in which the commercial banks in Nigeria can be made to play better roles towards fund mobilization for industrial growth and development.
- To determine and test the effect of some relevant economic variables and factors in the real gross domestic product (GDP) of Nigeria.
1.4 STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESIS
The following hypothesis are tested on this study
Ho; Commercial banks have not played a significant role in the industrial growth in Nigeria
H1: Commercial banks have played a significant role in the industrial growth in Nigeria.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The usefulness of this study is that it will highlight to the nation as a whole on how best to manipulate commercial bank loans for financing in order to improve the state of industrial product in the country.
It will also give the government an overview of constraint of industrial financing and how best to manage commercial bank loan in order to yield output.
It will show commercial banks how to increase industrial financing for growth in the economy.
1.6 REASEARCH QUESTIONS
(i) Do commercial banks give loan for industrial financing?
(ii) If so, to want extent has the industrial sector growth since the assistance started.
(iii) Is there any relationship between commercial banks financing and the Nigeria industrial growth?
1.7 SCOPE OF STUDY
This study is designed to find out the role of commercial banks towards financing industrial activities in Nigeria. Emphasis is on United Bank For Africa (U B A)
The study will cover the period 1980-2007.
Keywords: THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS TO THE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT SECTOR IN NIGERIA
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