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STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN LJEBU-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN LJEBU-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS
[icon type=”icon-book”]: Chapter 1 – 5
[icon type=”icon-book-open”]: 50 Pages
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[icon type=”icon-doc-line”]: Ms Word format

This study, STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN LJEBU-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN LJEBU-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS


RESEARCH BODY

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The new National Policy on Education (2013) is designed to be functional, practical and qualitative. This is expected to reduce the mere paper work system associated with the former system of education and which led to the mass unemployment. This new policy on education emphasizes vocational and was formulated by many Nigerians to direct the nation towards technological and economic development and cultural renewal. The subject areas recommended for study and compulsory for every child in the post primary school system include science, vocational and social studies. Under the vocational area is accounting subject. Accounting is an indispensable field of study in education. It is a subject that is very essential for business. It helps both profit and non-profit making organizations. This is because it helps these organizations to make policies which helps for expansion. It also accesses the efficiency of management to make decisions relating to further investment.

It is an information and measurement system that identifies, records and communicates relevant, reliable and comparable financial data about an organization’s business activities (Wild,2003:4) It helps us make better decision, including assessing opportunities, products, investments and social and community responsibilities, Accounting activities according to Needles et al embraces all the line functions performed in accounting process and which include general financial accounting, accounting systems and design, cost accounting, budgeting, taxation, auditing and data processing. Agbo (2007) Accounting can be classified in terms of career opportunities and according to sub areas of study. Accounting as an area of study can be classified into financial accounting, cost and management accounting, auditing and taxation (Agbo 2007).

Financial accounting is that aspect of accounting concerned with recording of business transactions and the preparation of financial statements and reports to be used internally by management for planning, control and decision making, and externally by investors, creditors as well as government agencies for investment decisions cum tax returns, computation and assessment.

Furthermore, accounting provides quantitative financial information about economic entities for internal and external users to use in making decisions such as whether to invest further or not. It activities according to needles et al embraces all the lines functions performed in accounting process and which includes general financial accounting, accounting systems and designs, cost accounting, budgeting, taxation, auditing and data processing Agbo 2007. Accounting can be classified in terms of car It aids proprietors’ access to the efficiency of management and provide information which assists parties outside the organization to make objective judgment about the organization.

In the secondary schools, the objective of teaching this important subject is to provide students with the basic method of processing data to develop manipulative skills and provide knowledge for career advancement in accounting to develop an economic understanding of business vocabulary to help students develop and have understanding of basic accounting concept and principles, in summary to be self reliant.

Studies that explored the factors leading to university enrollment declines of accounting majors report that such declines have been largely due to the perceptions held among the secondary school students regarding the accounting profession Tan and Laswad (2005) Saudagaran (1996). Some other studies have reported that accounting teachers themselves may be influential in students’ decision in accounting Tan and Laswad (2005) Paolillo and Estes, (1982); Cangelosi, Condie, and Luthy (1985). This suggests that as an extension of the teacher’ influence, the teaching methodologies utilized by teacher for conveying the topics of accounting are important aspects in shaping students’ proclivities for accounting. Accounting students in secondary school have been observed as the group of students most likely to be challenged or turned off by the subject of accounting Saudagaran (1996). With accounting as a gateway subject in the commercial department curriculum, concerned administrators and designers of secondary school programs of accounting administration must be cognizant of the important function of strategic teaching methodologies in changing secondary school student’s perceptions about accounting.

Under the category of courses labeled as a high risk with high rate of failure among the secondary school students is accounting. Thus changes in content and teaching strategies must be implemented for successful results Cohen and Hanno (1993). It is important that teachers of elementary accounting develop the skills and techniques that are necessary for the effective teaching of the course. If used effectively, accounting teachers may alter the negative perceptions that discourage students from going fully in accounting.

However, Learning can be made more difficult when a teacher fails to recognize that they have a natural tendency to explain concepts in a way that may not match how the secondary school students might perceive is the best way to learn. Since most accounting teachers are themselves accountants, that tendency can be problematic for a secondary school student, who naturally, may be less motivated to learn accounting than his or her cohorts. The teacher must determine the most effective teaching style that can be used to achieve the learning goals. In Brown (2005) the issue of this mismatch was discussed in terms of the deterrence of students from learning the accounting discipline when the student does not fit the stereotypical accountant’s profile. Further, within the framework of style, teachers must determine which teaching methodology, for example, lecture, discussion, case studies, experiential learning, computer/technology aided learning, best helps in achieving the learning outcomes for a secondary school student. Adaptation could improve students’ educational experiences, by the use of language and teaching materials designed to match the students’ mental program preferences Brown (2005). Students enrolled in accounting classes with different business concentrations might learn better through different teaching/learning techniques Rodrigues (2004). Certain learning environments require certain teacher behaviors, such that the students’ needs and the course needs may not match. For example, accounting topics require a high degree of teacher direction, which may not be compatible with a particular student’s learning techniques Rodrigues (2004). Thus, customizing techniques found to be congruent to the learning styles of students from different concentrations involves continuously rethinking the accounting course for secondary school students. The teacher must consider maximum topic coverage, as well as methodology, i.e., lecture or active learning, for maintaining student interest and understanding (Cunningham 1999).

According to Advanced Learners Dictionary 2008 to improve is to make better or to raise in value. Improving students performance is therefore the different measures, techniques or tactics which can be adopted by the teacher and the students to enhance students performance. One of the ways to improve performance is to provide assistance and encouragement to students Ekere (1990) Similarly, Ogwo and Oranu, (2006) stated that to improve students performance in the teaching and practice of skills in a typical vocational education class should follow a gradual process. This implies that the exercises should be graded and administered gradually to students. Obi (2005) emphasizing the need for guided practice sessions stated that drill and practice are indispensable to a business teacher whose duties include aiding the learner to achieve a level of proficiency in the study of some business subjects like keyboarding, shorthand, accounting, filing and indexing. Unfortunately, students nowadays perform poorly in this important subject, the poor performance of students in the subject has become a matter of concern to many people especially to business education that is the reason why the question arises, “what are the causes of student’s poor performance in this subject? Is it due to the ineffectiveness of the accounting teachers who teach the subject, or students’lack of interest, or inadequate teaching aids? How then can the poor performance be improved? To find solutions to the above questions is the objective of this research.

1.2 Statement of Problem

Accounting, like every other business subject as an inestimable value which it had played, and is still playing definite and important roles in the world of business. Due to the vital role, the knowledge and understanding of accounting is playing in the society, there is need for improvement on its standard.

The students offering this subject tend to encounter some problems which leads to their poor performances and students in the business class based on the assumption that financial accounting is one of the most difficult subject to understand.

However, this research project is set to exam the strategies for improving students academic performance in financial accounting in ljebu-north local government secondary schools.

1.3 Research Questions

The study will answer the following research questions:

  1. What are the factors responsible for student’s poor performance in financial accounting as secondary school subject?
  2. What are the strategies for improving students’ performance in financial accounting as a secondary schools subject in Ijebu North?

1.4 Research Hypothesis

Ho1 There is no significant relationship between strategies of teaching and students performance in financial accounting

Ho2 There is a significance relationship between student attitude toward financial accounting and student academics performance in financial accounting

1.5 Significance of the Study

Since accounting is a venture which helps in the socio- economic development of the masses, it becomes pertinent for all hands to be on deck, if improvement is to be made generally, financial accounting like every other field or discipline is associated with some problems. It is on this ground therefore, that this study is designed to map out strategies for improving students poor academic performances in financial accounting in some selected secondary schools in Ogun state.

The research will highlight the problems of student’s poor academic performance in financial accounting in secondary schools, particularly those in Ogun state. It will also suggest ways for improvement and correction. In addition, it tries to find out ways of encouraging the present and future students of Ogun state so that, they can have meaningful and personal relationship between their teachers and themselves. The findings of the study will be of immense assistance to financial accounting administration, especially the school principal, if the findings are thoroughly implemented, it will enhance student’s performance in financial accounting especially in Ogun state.

1.6 Limitation of the Study

These are some of the factors, the constraint that affected the study.

Time Limit, time to go round for the research, the school activities and calendar did not give enough time for the research, while Inadequate Finance which is the inability of getting enough cash to complete the project is also a constraint.

Moreover, the Conservation of Some Respondents, Some of the respondent does not co-operate as it is expected of them. In addition to that, the inability of getting many text books and journals on the topic as the faculty library is locked down, this is also a constraint.

1.7 Definition of Terms

For the purpose of this study the following terms are defined.

Strategies: plans or measures that can be used to solve problems.

Teaching: it is the act of business or instruction or instructions or imparting knowledge, skills to students.

Teaching aids: these are materials which may be in form of charts, a life specimen like money, cheque leaf and so on used in teaching to facilitate the learning and understanding of the lesson.

Learning: it is the process of adjustment through constant practice or it is the modification of behavior through experience.

Competent teacher: these are qualified teachers who possess a minimum of Nigeria Certificate in Education in Accounting (N.C.E).

Appropriate: it means the sustainability of a thing used for another.

Self reliant: being self employed for survival.

Disseminating: it is the under spread of ideas, beliefs etc.

Keywords: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN LJEBU-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS



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Keywords: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN LJEBU-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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