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THE DILEMMA OF EROSION AND FLOOD DUE TO POOR DRAINAGE SYSTEM IN OGUN STATE

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RESEARCH INFORMATION

[icon type=”icon-pencil”]: THE DILEMMA OF EROSION AND FLOOD DUE TO POOR DRAINAGE SYSTEM IN OGUN STATE
[icon type=”icon-book”]: Chapter 1 – 5
[icon type=”icon-basket”]: #3, 000
[icon type=”icon-doc-line”]: Ms Word format

This study, THE DILEMMA OF EROSION AND FLOOD DUE TO POOR DRAINAGE SYSTEM IN OGUN STATE contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.

Keywords: THE DILEMMA OF EROSION AND FLOOD DUE TO POOR DRAINAGE SYSTEM IN OGUN STATE

RESEARCH BODY

TABLE OF CONTENT       

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.6     RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

1.7     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.8     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

1.9     DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     CONCEPTUAL CLARIFICATION

2.2     THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

2.3     EMPIRICAL REVIEW

2.4     SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     INTRODUCTINTRODUCTION

3.2     RESESEARCH DESIGN

3.3     STUDY POPULATION

3.4     SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUE

3.5     DATA FOR THE STUDY: INSTRUMENTATION

3.6     METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1     INTRODUCTION

4.2     DATA ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

5.2     CONCLUSION

5.3     RECOMMENDATION

REFRENCE

APPENDIX

CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

A common environmental problem in Nigeria is flood and it is said to occur when a body of water moves overand above an area of land which is not normally submerged. It could also be seen as the inundation of an area notnormally covered with water, through a temporary rise in level of stream, river, lake or sea. Nelson (2001)viewed flood as a natural consequence of stream flow in a continually changing environment. Sada (1988)defines flooding as unusually high rates of discharging; often leading to inundation of land adjacent to streams,and it is usually caused by intense or prolonged rainfall.

Flood has only reminded us that the government, be it in Lagos, Ogun, Oyo or elsewhere, is not addressing the root of our under-development. Recent floods in Ogun state has taught us that sustainable development goes beyond constructing just few roads, bridges and planting flowers on few major roads and go to sleep.

Different reasons have been cited to the cause of the damage while some have ignorantly stated that what happens is natural and could not have been otherwise. It has been identified that some identified buildings on the very few drainages and total lack of drainages in most part of Ogun state were responsible for the flooding. On the surface, it may look reasonable because there are some houses built on drainages while many have been filled with refuse. However, these reasons are not the root cause of flood, they are just consequences of lack of planning. Where was the same government when these houses were erected on drainages and also when citizens build houses without building or leaving the space for drainages, if at all the government will build it? Ogun state, just like Lagos, Ibadan and Port Harcourt is becoming densely populated because of the overpopulation in the neighbouring states.The more population increases, the more the challenges of basic infrastructures. Ogun state, like other parts of Nigeria, was never planned in a holistic manner. Planning means every area of life is put into consideration when putting and expanding basic infrastructures. When houses are built without putting into consideration a central water system, a central sewage, electricity, drainages, canals, roads, bridges, pipelines, rail lines, dams etc., there is bound to be a problem. In the last 15 years, new areas have been developed in Ogun state with no corresponding basic infrastructures, like drainages, roads, canals, etc. Until we recognize that each house or drainage in one street is part of a whole community/city/town there is bound to be disaster. The level of physical development today is largely as a result of self-help or private investment. For example, Mr. A builds his house without considering the environmental impact in terms of what is best for the locality and to others in the community. He is in a race to create a blind alley like others. A planned society takes into account effective channels of waste water from a building to drainage linking possibly to bigger drainage or floodways and to a canal or dam. And all the drainages, canals, roads etc., must be built to live up to the challenges of a low, high land and the environment in its entirety. When a country leaves everybody to build his or her house, possibly drainages and roads, it is encouraging a state of anarchy(Bosah, Vanguard newspaper, 2011). Every land owner in Ogun state would like to completely build a structure on their portion of land not taking into cognizance the required space for a good drainage system. Imagine a beautiful house with a beautiful high gate but no drainage system. The inhabitants still have to come out of the building to pour used water on the roads. Due to lack of good drainage system, the dilemma of erosion and flood cannot be eradicated in the state. Government policies by the town planning sector need to wake up from their slumber before worse scenarios like building collapse, destruction of roads due to erosion and loss of livesstart occurring.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Urban drainage system issues are also generated by improper design of these systems. This is attributed to the variance created in rainfall distribution patterns faced by the developing countries as a result of global warming (Silveira, 2001). Most of these drainages were designed with basic hydraulic formula without considering this variance thereby ending up not solving flood cases in these areas. More emphasis has to be made to producing home-grown methods that are related to these areas rather than depending on this formula or assumptions already in use in the developing countries because we have different catchment characteristics. Also, roof catchment methods of rain water collection should be encouraged to reduce peak flows of runoff that should have entered this drainage (Olukanmi, Adebayo and Tenebe, 2014).

There is so much reliance on hydrological data in determining the drainage challenges. Vital information and proper data collection such as water quality of runoff and sediments transport should not be neglected. This could improve the design and sustainability of these drainage channels.

1.3     RESEARCH QUESTION         

  1. What are the causes of erosion and flood in Ogun state?
  2. How effective has the drainage system in Ogun state been?
  3. What effort is the government taking to improve the drainage system in Ogun state?

1.4       AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The aim of this studies is to critically study the dilemma of erosion and flood due to poor drainage system in Ogun state. The objectives are:

  1. To examine the causes of erosion and flood in Ogun state.
  2. To ascertain how effective the drainage system in Ogun state has been.
  3. To study the effort the government is taking to improve the drainage system in Ogun state.

 1.5     RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Erosion and flood cannot be eradicated in Nigeria.

Erosion and flood can be eradicated in Nigeria.

Keywords: THE DILEMMA OF EROSION AND FLOOD DUE TO POOR DRAINAGE SYSTEM IN OGUN STATE


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