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CHAPTERS: Chapter 1 – 5
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This study, THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TO LEARNING IN LAGOS STATE. contains concise information that will serve as a framework or guide for your project work. The project study is well-researched for academic purposes and are usually provided in complete chapters with adequate References.





  • Introduction/Background of the Study


In this chapter, background of the study, statements of the study, purpose of the study, research questions, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitation of the study and definition of terms were discussed.


Assessment plays a crucial role in the school system especially in teaching and learning process. Without assessment teachers cannot discover the areas of strengths and weaknesses of their students and the extent of which teaching objectives have been achieved. Assessment involves the collection of information about an individual’s knowledge, skills, attitudes, judgement, interpretation and using the data for taking relevant decisions about the individual instructional process, curriculum or programme (Ugodulunwa, 2008). Assessment can be formative or summative in nature. The teachers or researchers can use any type of assessment suitable for their study or programme. Assessment can be used to determine programme achievement. There is an increasing trend towards using social media by tertiary institution students to facilitate their learning process. Some students use social media for academic purposes. According to Murthy (2013), social media can be defined as the many relatively inexpensive and widely accessible electronic tools that enable anyone to publish and access information, collaborate on a common effort or build relationship. Social media also are computer-mediated tools that allow people to create, share or exchange information, ideas and pictures/videos in virtual communities and networks (Wikipedia, 2015). Social media are different from traditional or industrial media in many ways including quality, accessibility, frequency, usability, speed and permanence (Agichtein, Carlos; Debora; Aristides & Gilad, 2008). Social media technologies take on many different forms including blogs, business networks, enterprise social networks, forums, micro-blogs, photo sharing, products, services review, video sharing and virtual worlds (Aichner & Jacob, 2015). Kaplan and Haenleinn (2010) defined social media as a group of internet-based applications that build on the ideological and technological foundation of Web 2.0, and that allow the creation and exchange of user-generated content. Tertiary institution students use the social media for different reasons which include connecting to their friends, for academic purposes, to exchange pictures and videos, for personal information and so on. Some of the social media websites are Face book, YouTube, and Twitter.


Facebook represents a potentially useful tool in educational contexts. It allows students to manage their own privacy settings and often work with the privacy settings they have already established as registered users (Wikipedia, 2015). Also, Facebook is one alternative means for shy students to voice their thoughts in and outside of classroom. It allows students to collect their thoughts and articulated them in writing before communicating them (Moody, 2010). Twitter is one of the social media that promotes social connection among students globally. It enhances communication building; critical thinking and sharing of knowledge worldwide. Junco, Heiberger and Loken (2011) completed a study of 132 students to examine the link between students’ engagement in social media and grades. They divided the students into groups; one used Twitter and other did not. They found that students in the Twitter group have higher GPAS and greater engagement scores than the control group. You Tube is one of the frequently used social media tool by the students. Students can watch and share videos, answer questions and discuss content. Sherer and Shea (2011) claimed that YouTube increased participation, personalization (customization) and productivity. It also improved students’ digital skills and provided opportunity for peer learning and problem-solving. Other social media are useful to students in the classroom. Students make use of them to solve problem and increase their skills technologically and educationally. Students’ academic performance takes important place in teaching and learning process. Social media utilization supposed to enhance the students study habits and help to attain greater height in their academic pursuits. De Escobar (2009) observed that students need to be familiar with the relationship between good study habits and academic achievement to accomplish great success in any level of education. According to Nneji (2002) study habits are learning tendencies that enable students work privately. Azikwe (1998) described study habits as the way and manner a student plans his or her private reading outside lecture hours in order to master a particular subject or topic. Crede and Kuncel (2008) noted that study habits denote the degree to which the student engages in regular acts of studying that are characterised by appropriate studying routines (e.g. review of materials) occurring in an environment that is conducive to studying. Study habit can be measured directly through assessment, inventories, reports, examinations and rating scales.

Study habit can be the students’ way of study whether systematic, efficient or inefficient. It literally means that good studying habit produces positive academic performance while inefficient study habit leads to academic failure (Ayodele & Adebiyi, 2013). Some researchers have expressed their concern on the negative use of media among the students which has affected the study habits and performance. Oji (2007) noted that the growing incidence of students using the internet not necessarily for academic purposes but for anti-social activities is at an astonishing rate. They use websites for pornography, fraud and for other social vices in the society. Schill (2011) asserted that the social media sites encourage negative behaviour among students such as catching up with unknown friends and so on. Wang, Chen and Liang (2011) findings on effect of social media on college students, showed that social media use is negatively associated with academic performance. They noted that two thirds of the students are found using social media while in class studying or doing homework. This multitasking increase distraction and becomes detrimental to students’ performance and study habits and reading habit. It is therefore worthwhile to investigate the assessment of social media utilization and study habit among students of tertiary institutions. This study investigated the assessment of effect of social media on students’ attitude to learning in Lagos State.


1.2   Statements of the Problem

The rapid advancement of media technology has had a great effect on the way people communicate on a daily basis. The growing dimension of the use of the social media among the youth of today cannot be over emphasized. Over the years, social networking among pupils has become more and more popular. It is away to make connections, not only on school but with friends outside of school. Social networking is a way that helps people feels they belong to a community. Due to the increased popularly of it, economists and professors are questioning whether grades of pupils will not be affected by how much time is spent on these sites.  Choney, (2010), MehMood & Taswir, (2013), Kist (2008), Jacobsen and Forste, (2011), believe that the use of technology such as internet is one of the most important factors that can influence pupils’ attitude to learning positively or adversely. Many parents and guardians are worried that pupils are spending too much time on facebook and other social media sites and have not enough time to study.

Since the advent of social media sites in the 1990s, it is assumed in some quarters that there is negative effect of pupils’ attitude to learning. There is a deviation, distraction and divided attention between social networking activities and their pupils’ attitude to learning. It is observed that pupils devote more attention to social media than they do to their studies. It is against this background that this research is being conducted to ascertain the assessment of effect of social media on students’ attitude to learning in Lagos State.


1.3 purposes of the Study

The main purpose for conducting this research include the following:

  1. To examine the effect of social media on pupils attitude to learning among the primary School pupils
  2. To identify the benefits obtained from using the social media.
  • To know if the time spent on social media have significant effect on learners in primary schools



1.4   Research Questions

The following research questions were addressed to in this study:


  1. Does the use of social media sites have any significant effect on pupils’ attitude to learning among the primary School pupils?
  2. What are the benefits primary school pupils derive from using social media?
  • Does the time spent on social media have significant effect on learners in primary schools?


1.5   Research Hypotheses

H01:   There is no significant relationship between social media and    student attitude toward their study.


H02:   There is no significant relationship between the use of social media    and level of networking among adolescent to education.


1.6   Significance of the Study

  • This research work will be significance to pupils, students, teachers, parents or guardians, government and curriculum planners.
  • It will be relevant in assisting pupils/students in understanding the diversity of social media.
  • It will provide relevant materials for pupils and other researchers undertaking similar research.




1.7   Scope of the Study

The essence of this research work is to primarily study the assessment of effect of social media on students’ attitude to learning. The research intends to focus on primary school pupils in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State for easy analysis of data. This will reduce cost and avoid complexity that may arise as a result of having a very large population. But since in most cases the characteristics of pupils are generally similar, the research findings would be generalized to include all pupils in primary school of Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State.


1.8   Limitation of the Study

This research cannot cover all primary schools in Nigeria because of time schedule for this research. The study will be limited to some primary schools in Shomolu Local Government Area of Lagos State.


1.9   Definition of Terms

Social media: These are computer-mediated tools that allow people to create, share or exchange information, ideas and pictures/videos in virtual communities and networks.

Social networking sites:  A website where people put information about them and can send to others.

Social Networking:    the use of internet to make information about yourself available to other people especially people you share an interest with to send messages to them.

Media: are all those media technologies that are intended to reach a large audience by mass communication. “They are messages communicated through a mass medium to a number of people”.

Computer: A computer is a machine that receives or stores or process data quickly according to a stored program.

Attitude:  A feeling or emotion toward a fact or state.

Pupils:  A person, especially a child at school, who is being taught in elementary level.

Learning:  Knowledge or skill acquired by instruction or study











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